Pinot noir

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Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera.wikipedia
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French wine

FranceFrenchFrench wines
Pinot noir grapes are grown around the world, mostly in the cooler climates, and the grape is chiefly associated with the Burgundy region of France.
France is the source of many grape varieties (such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot noir, Sauvignon blanc, Syrah) that are now planted throughout the world, as well as wine-making practices and styles of wine that have been adopted in other producing countries.

List of grape varieties

grape varietygrape varietiesgrape
Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera.

Champagne

blanc de blancsblanc de noirschampagne wine
Pinot noir is now used to make red wines around the world, as well as Champagne, and such sparkling white wines as the Italian Franciacorta, and English sparkling wines. Pinot noir is also used in the production of Champagne (usually along with Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier) and is planted in most of the world's wine-growing regions for use in both still and sparkling wines.
The grapes Pinot noir, Pinot meunier, and Chardonnay are primarily used to produce almost all Champagne, but small amounts of Pinot blanc, Pinot gris, Arbane, and Petit Meslier are vinified as well.

Tasmanian wine

Tasmania
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
The area grows primarily Pinot noir, Chardonnay and Sauvignon blanc, with some smaller plantings of Riesling, Pinot gris and Cabernet Sauvignon.

Yarra Valley (wine)

Yarra Valleywine tastings
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
It is a cool climate region that is best known for producing Chardonnay, sparkling wine and Pinot noir.

Australian wine

AustraliaAustralianwine
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
The major varieties are predominantly Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Semillon, Pinot noir, Riesling, and Sauvignon blanc.

Sparkling wine

sparklingfrizzantesparkling wines
Pinot noir is now used to make red wines around the world, as well as Champagne, and such sparkling white wines as the Italian Franciacorta, and English sparkling wines.
Red wine grapes like Pinot noir can be used in the production of white sparkling wines because their juice is initially clear and is only later tinted red through exposure to the color pigments in grape skins.

Wine

winesfine winewhite wine
Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera.
Pinot noir, for example, is commonly used to produce champagne.

Central Otago wine region

Central Otagosub-regionCentral Otago vineyards
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
Central Otago's best-known wines are its Pinot noirs, but many white wine varieties are also popular.

Russian River Valley AVA

Russian River ValleyRussian River AVARussian River
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
The area is known for its success with cool climate varietals, notably Pinot noir and Chardonnay.

Phenolic content in wine

tanninphenolic compoundstannins
The thin skins and low levels of phenolic compounds lends pinot to producing mostly lightly colored, medium-bodied and low-tannin wines that can often go through phases of uneven and unpredictable aging.
Hence, white wine can be made from red wine grapes in the same way that many white sparkling wines are made from the red wine grapes of Pinot noir and Pinot Meunier.

Willamette Valley AVA

Willamette Valley500+ wineriesvineyards
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
The Willamette Valley has a cool, moist climate, and is recognized worldwide for its Pinot noir.

Cabernet Sauvignon

CabernetBoucheCabernet-Sauvignon
The leaves of pinot noir are generally smaller than those of Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah.
While not as prolific in mutating as Pinot noir, nor as widely used in production of offspring, Cabernet Sauvignon has been linked to other grape varieties.

Aroma of wine

aromasaromabouquet
When young, wines made from pinot noir tend to have red fruit aromas of cherries, raspberries and strawberries.
These can include honey in an aged Sauternes or truffles in a Pinot noir.

Aging of wine

agingagedaging potential
The thin skins and low levels of phenolic compounds lends pinot to producing mostly lightly colored, medium-bodied and low-tannin wines that can often go through phases of uneven and unpredictable aging.
In general, wines with a low pH (such as pinot noir and Sangiovese) have a greater capability of aging.

Chardonnay

ObaidehaubainBeaunois
Pinot noir is also used in the production of Champagne (usually along with Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier) and is planted in most of the world's wine-growing regions for use in both still and sparkling wines.
For much of its history, a connection was assumed between Chardonnay and Pinot noir or Pinot blanc.

Pinot Meunier

SchwarzrieslingMeunierMüllerebe
Pinot noir is also used in the production of Champagne (usually along with Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier) and is planted in most of the world's wine-growing regions for use in both still and sparkling wines.
Pinot Meunier, also known as Meunier or Schwarzriesling, is a variety of black wine grape most noted for being one of the three main varieties used in the production of Champagne (the other two are the black variety Pinot noir and the white Chardonnay).

Pinot gris

Pinot GrigioGrauer BurgunderGrauburgunder
Pinot gris is a pinot color sport (and can arise by mutation of Pinot noir or Pinot blanc), presumably representing a somatic mutation in either the VvMYBA1 or VvMYBA2 genes that control grape berry color.
Thought to be a mutant clone of the pinot noir variety, it normally has a grayish-blue fruit, accounting for its name but the grapes can have a brownish pink to black and even white appearance.

Merlot

White MerlotBini (grape)Higney
It is much less tolerant of harsh vineyard conditions than the likes of Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot or Grenache.
However, unlike the relationship between Grenache noir and Grenache blanc or Pinot noir and Pinot blanc, the variety known as Merlot blanc is not a color mutation but rather an offspring variety of Merlot crossing with Folle blanche.

Anderson Valley AVA

Anderson ValleyAnderson
Lesser known appellations can be found in Mendocino County's Anderson Valley, as well as the Central Coast's Santa Lucia Highlands appellation, the Santa Maria Valley and Sta. Rita Hills American Viticulture Area in Santa Barbara County.
It is known primarily for its Pinot noir and sparkling wine production.

Martinborough

Hau ArikiTe Whare Wananga o Tupai
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
Martinborough has a large number of vineyards producing wines, notably Pinot noir.

Santa Lucia Highlands AVA

Santa Lucia Highlands
Lesser known appellations can be found in Mendocino County's Anderson Valley, as well as the Central Coast's Santa Lucia Highlands appellation, the Santa Maria Valley and Sta. Rita Hills American Viticulture Area in Santa Barbara County.
Over 2300 acre of vineyards are planted in the AVA, some as high as 1200 ft above sea level, with about half of them planted to the Pinot noir grape.

Mornington Peninsula

MorningtonMornington Peninsula, VICMornington Peninsula, Victoria
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
While most varieties are grown, the cool, maritime climate of the Peninsula is particularly noted for pinot noir.

Pinot blanc

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Pinot blanc is a further mutation and can either naturally arise from or give rise to pinot gris or pinot noir; the mutation–reversion path is multi-directional therefore.
It is a point genetic mutation of Pinot noir.

Adelaide Hills wine region

Adelaide Hills Adelaide Hills
Regions that have gained a reputation for red pinot noir wines include: the Willamette Valley of Oregon, the Carneros, Central Coast and Russian River AVAs of California, the Elgin and Walker Bay wine regions of South Africa, Mornington Peninsula, Adelaide Hills, Great Southern, Tasmania and Yarra Valley in Australia and the Central Otago, Martinborough and Marlborough wine regions of New Zealand.
As of 2014, the most common plantings in the Adelaide Hills wine region within a total planted area of 17,873 ha was reported as being Sauvignon Blanc (36.5%) followed by Chardonnay (19.3%), Pinot Noir (14%) and Pinot Gris (5.8%).