Pinus ponderosa

ponderosa pineponderosaponderosa pinesP. ponderosawestern yellow pinepinePonderosa pine (''Pinus ponderosa'')Ponderosa pine forestPonderosa pine treeyellow pine
Pinus ponderosa, commonly known as the ponderosa pine, bull pine, blackjack pine, or western yellow-pine, is a very large pine tree species of variable habitat native to the western United States and Canada.wikipedia
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Washington (state)

WashingtonWashington StateWA
It was first documented into modern science in 1826 in eastern Washington near present-day Spokane (of which it is the official city tree).
Other common trees and plants in the region are camassia, Douglas fir, hemlock, penstemon, ponderosa pine, western red cedar, and many species of ferns.

British Columbia

BCB.C.British Columbia, Canada
It grows in various erect forms from British Columbia southward and eastward through 16 western U.S. states and has been successfully introduced in temperate regions of Europe.
Common types of trees present in BC's forests include Western Redcedar, Yellow-cedar, Rocky Mountain juniper, Lodgepole pine, Ponderosa or yellow pine, Whitebark pine, Limber pine, Western white pine, Western larch, Tamarack, Alpine larch, White spruce, Engelmann spruce, Sitka spruce, Black spruce, Grand fir, Amabilis fir, Subalpine fir, Western hemlock, Mountain hemlock, Douglas-fir, Western yew, Pacific dogwood, Bigleaf maple, Douglas maple, Vine maple, Arbutus, Black hawthorn, Cascara, Garry oak, Pacific crab apple, Choke cherry, Pin cherry, Bitter cherry, Red alder, Mountain alder, Paper birch, Water birch, Black cottonwood, Balsam poplar, Trembling aspen.

Spokane, Washington

SpokaneSpokane, WASpokane WA
It was first documented into modern science in 1826 in eastern Washington near present-day Spokane (of which it is the official city tree).
The ponderosa pine is the official tree of the City of Spokane, which is where specimens were first collected by botanist David Douglas in 1826.

Pine

pine treepine treesPinus
Pinus ponderosa, commonly known as the ponderosa pine, bull pine, blackjack pine, or western yellow-pine, is a very large pine tree species of variable habitat native to the western United States and Canada.
The smallest are Siberian dwarf pine and Potosi pinyon, and the tallest is an 268.35 ft tall ponderosa pine located in southern Oregon's Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest.

David Douglas (botanist)

David DouglasDougl.Douglas
On that occasion, David Douglas misidentified it as Pinus resinosa (red pine).
Other notable introductions include Sitka Spruce, Sugar Pine, Western White Pine, Ponderosa Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Monterey Pine, Grand Fir, Noble Fir and several other conifers that transformed the British landscape and timber industry, as well as numerous garden shrubs and herbs such as the Flowering currant, Salal, Lupin, Penstemon and California poppy.

Oregon

ORState of OregonOregon, U.S.
The measurement was performed by Michael Taylor and Mario Vaden, a professional arborist from Oregon.
* Typical tree species include the Douglas fir, the state tree, as well as redwood, ponderosa pine (generally east of the Cascades), western red cedar, and hemlock.

Turpentine

Aqua Ragiaoil of turpentinerectified turpentine oil
Some state that the bark smells of turpentine, which could reflect the dominance of terpenes (alpha- and beta-pinenes, and delta-3-carene).
Important pines for turpentine production include: maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis), Masson's pine (Pinus massoniana), Sumatran pine (Pinus merkusii), longleaf pine (Pinus palustris), loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) and ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa).

Pinus jeffreyi

Jeffrey pineJeffreyJeffrey pine (''Pinus jeffreyi'')
Ponderosa pine's five subspecies, as classified by some botanists, can be identified by their characteristically bright, green needles (contrasting with blue-green needles that distinguish Jeffrey pine).
Pinus jeffreyi is closely related to Pinus ponderosa (ponderosa pine) and is similar in appearance.

South Dakota

SDState of South DakotaDakota
Ponderosa covers 1 e6acre, or 80%, of the Black Hills of South Dakota.
The mountains are thickly blanketed by various types of pines, including ponderosa and lodgepole pines, as well as spruces.

Cascade Range

CascadesCascade MountainsCascade
It is found on foothills and mid-height peaks of the northern, central, and southern Rocky Mountains, in the Cascade Range, in the Sierra Nevada, and in the maritime-influenced Coast Range.
The western slopes are densely covered with Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and red alder (Alnus rubra), while the drier eastern slopes feature mostly ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), with some western larch (Larix occidentalis), mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana) and subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) and subalpine larch (Larix lyallii) at higher elevations.

Arizona

AZArizona, U.S.State of Arizona
In Arizona, it predominates on the Mogollon Rim and is scattered on the Mogollon Plateau and on mid-height peaks in Arizona and New Mexico.
The world's largest stand of ponderosa pine trees is in Arizona.

Rogue River–Siskiyou National Forest

Rogue River–SiskiyouSiskiyouSiskiyou National Forest
In January 2011, a Pacific ponderosa pine in the Rogue River–Siskiyou National Forest in Oregon was measured with a laser to be high.
The world's tallest pine tree is a 268.35 ft ponderosa and is located in the national forest.

Ponderosa shrub forest

montane conifer forest
Pinus ponderosa is a dominant tree in the Kuchler plant association, the ponderosa shrub forest.
In addition to the dominant species Pinus ponderosa - Ponderosa pine, there are other common associates within this plant association.

Rocky Mountains

RockiesRocky MountainRocky
It is found on foothills and mid-height peaks of the northern, central, and southern Rocky Mountains, in the Cascade Range, in the Sierra Nevada, and in the maritime-influenced Coast Range.
Zones in more southern, warmer, or drier areas are defined by the presence of pinyon pines/junipers, ponderosa pines, or oaks mixed with pines.

Mogollon Rim

[Mogollon] RimEast and West Webber CreeksMogollon Rim Region
In Arizona, it predominates on the Mogollon Rim and is scattered on the Mogollon Plateau and on mid-height peaks in Arizona and New Mexico.
Much of the land south of the Mogollon Rim lies 4000 to 5000 ft above sea level, with the escarpment rising to about 8000 ft. Extensive Ponderosa pine forests are found both on the slopes of the Rim and on the plateau north of it. The Mogollon Rim is a major floristic and faunal boundary, with species characteristic of the Rocky Mountains living on the top of the plateau, and species native to the Mexican Sierra Madre Occidental on the slopes below and in the Madrean sky islands (high, isolated mountain ranges) further south.

Mountain pine beetle

pine beetleBeetlebeetle kill
Blue stain fungus, Grosmannia clavigera, is introduced in sapwood of P. ponderosa from the galleries of all species in the genus Dendroctonus (Mountain Pine Beetle), which has caused much damage.
Mountain pine beetles inhabit ponderosa, whitebark, lodgepole, Scots, jack pine, and limber pine trees.

Fire ecology

firefire cyclefire ecologist
The fire cycle for ponderosa pine is 5 to 10 years, in which a natural ignition sparks a low-intensity fire.
Mature ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) is an example of a tree species that suffers virtually no crown damage under a naturally mild fire regime, because it sheds its lower, vulnerable branches as it matures.

Willamette Valley Ponderosa Pine

P. p.'' var. ''willamettensis
An additional variety, tentatively named P. p. var. willamettensis, found in the Willamette Valley in western Oregon, is rare.
The Willamette Valley Ponderosa Pine is a variant of the Ponderosa Pine native to the Willamette Valley in the Northwestern United States.

Yellow pine

yellow pine forestsouthern yellow pineponderosa pine forest
* Southern yellow pine
In the Western United States, yellow pine refers to Jeffrey pine or ponderosa pine.

Black Hills

Black Hills of South DakotaB'''lack '''H'''illsBlack '''H'''ills
Ponderosa covers 1 e6acre, or 80%, of the Black Hills of South Dakota.
Most of the Hills are a fire-climax ponderosa pine forest, with Black Hills spruce (Picea glauca var.

Sierra Nevada (U.S.)

Sierra NevadaSierra Nevada MountainsSierra Nevada foothills
It is found on foothills and mid-height peaks of the northern, central, and southern Rocky Mountains, in the Cascade Range, in the Sierra Nevada, and in the maritime-influenced Coast Range.
The Sierra Nevada lower montane forest (indicator species: Ponderosa pine, Jeffrey pine), 2500 – west side, 7000 - 9000 ft east side. This biotic zone is notable for containing Giant Sequoia.

Gila Wilderness

GilaGila Wilderness Area
Four corners transition zone including southern Colorado, southern Utah, northern and central New Mexico and Arizona, westernmost Texas, and a single disjunct population in the far northwestern Oklahoma panhandle. The Gila Wilderness contains one of the world's largest and healthiest forests. Hot with bimodal monsoonal rainfall; wet winters and summers contrast with dry springs and falls; mild winters.
Vegetation in the Gila Wilderness consists of a spruce-fir and quaking aspen forest above 9,000 feet (2,732 m), ponderosa pine forest between 6,500 feet (1,981) and 9,000 (2,732 m), and pinyon-juniper woodland and desert vegetation below 6,500 feet and on dry southern slopes.

Pinus arizonica

P. arizonicaArizona pinePinus arizonica'' var. ''cooperi
The closely related five-needled Arizona pine (Pinus arizonica) extends southward into Mexico.
This variability may be a sign of hybridization with the closely related ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa). The cones are single, paired, or in whorls of three, and 5–11 cm long.

Native plant

nativenative plantsindigenous
Pinus ponderosa, commonly known as the ponderosa pine, bull pine, blackjack pine, or western yellow-pine, is a very large pine tree species of variable habitat native to the western United States and Canada.

Western United States

westernWestAmerican West
Pinus ponderosa, commonly known as the ponderosa pine, bull pine, blackjack pine, or western yellow-pine, is a very large pine tree species of variable habitat native to the western United States and Canada.