Pipe band

Lonach Pipe band, Edinburgh Scotland, 2009
Pipes and Drums of the Irish Guards, 2009.
Canada's Simon Fraser University Pipe Band, winner of six World Pipe Band Championships, performing in George Square, Glasgow
A military Remembrance Day parade in Ottawa, Ontario.
Pipe band at Inverness Castle
Pipe band during the 2004 Scottish Week in Tallinn, Estonia
Bagad Penhars from Quimper, with bagpipes, bombardes, and drums.

Musical ensemble consisting of pipers and drummers.

- Pipe band
Lonach Pipe band, Edinburgh Scotland, 2009

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A pipe major of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (date unknown)

Great Highland bagpipe

Type of bagpipe native to Scotland, and the Scottish analogue to the Great Irish Warpipes.

Type of bagpipe native to Scotland, and the Scottish analogue to the Great Irish Warpipes.

A pipe major of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (date unknown)
Piper Bill Millin playing the bagpipes 1944
Led by their piper, men of the 7th Seaforth Highlanders, 15th (Scottish) Division advance during Operation Epsom, 26 June 1944.
Bagpiper carved around 1600
A selection of bagpipe reeds of various design, chanter reeds on the left, drone reeds on the right
Angel playing bagpipes in the Thistle Chapel, Edinburgh
The Breton bagad of Lann-Bihoué of the French Navy.

It has acquired widespread recognition through its usage in the British military and in pipe bands throughout the world.

A drumline

Marching percussion

Marching percussion instruments are instruments specially designed to be played while moving.

Marching percussion instruments are instruments specially designed to be played while moving.

A drumline
A drumline with sling-harness snares
A tenor player with four drums
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The Cavaliers' bass line in 2006 showing five tonal bass drums
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An example of Garfield grip
A drummer of the Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps with a Snare Drum

These instruments are used by marching bands, corps of drums, drum and bugle corps, fanfare bands, indoor percussion ensembles, and pipe bands.

Drummers of the 57th Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Albuera. They are depicted in their distinctive yellow uniforms, which was facing colour of the 57th.

Corps of drums

Unit of several national armies.

Unit of several national armies.

Drummers of the 57th Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Albuera. They are depicted in their distinctive yellow uniforms, which was facing colour of the 57th.
Corps of Drums of the Moscow Military Conservatoire at the Victory Parade on Red Square, 2010.
Corps of Drums at a tattoo (Großer Zapfenstreich) in Germany, 2002.
British Corps of Drums.
Drummers in the centre foreground, in their original battlefield role, close to the officer and wearing the distinctive drummers uniform.
Lee Rigby (1987–2013) was a Drummer in the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers
The Corps of Drums of 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards marching away from the forecourt of Buckingham Palace.
A corps of drums of the Duke of Wellington's regiment (since amalgamated into the Yorkshire Regiment).
The Corps of Drums of the Honourable Artillery Company at Wellington Barracks.
RLC Drums with Battle honours.
Royal Marines Corps of Drums
A drummer of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers holds the Drummer's Colour.
A sergeant drummer (drum major) and drummer of the Northumberland Fusiliers with the Drummer's Colour.
Drummers of the Minsk Suvorov Military School on the avenue during a parade in 2017.
An Azerbaijani corps of drums

The British Army maintains a corps of drums in each infantry battalion except for Scottish, Irish, and Rifle Regiments (The Rifles and the Royal Gurkha Rifles) which have pipes and drums and Bugles respectively.

A photograph from c. 1890s of Pipe Major Colin Thomson of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.

Pipe major

A photograph from c. 1890s of Pipe Major Colin Thomson of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.
The civilian Simon Fraser University Pipe Band led by pipe major Terry Lee on the right of the band and pipe sergeant Jack Lee on the left

The pipe major is the leading musician of a pipe band, whether military or civilian.

Bagpipes

Bagpipes are a woodwind instrument using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.

Bagpipes are a woodwind instrument using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.

A detail from the Cantigas de Santa Maria showing bagpipes with one chanter and a parallel drone (Spain, 13th century).
A detail from a painting by Hieronymus Bosch showing two bagpipers (15th century).
Medieval bagpiper at the Cistercian monastery of Santes Creus, Catalonia, Spain
Image of Irelande, Military use of the bagpipe dated 1581
De doedelzakspeler ("Bagpipe Player"), Hendrick ter Brugghen, 1624
Happy Brothers by Uroš Predić (1887)
International Bagpipe Festival, Strakonice, 2018
A Canadian soldier plays the bagpipes during the war in Afghanistan. Bagpipes are frequently used during funerals and memorials, especially among fire department, military and police forces in the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Commonwealth realms, and the U.S.
A bagpiper busking with the Great Highland bagpipe on the street in Edinburgh, Scotland
A Great Highland bagpipe practice chanter
Celtic rock band Enter the Haggis featuring Highland bagpipes
Bagpiper from German band Saltatio Mortis.
thumb|Piper in Petrash, Jordan
Bulgarian Kaba gaida player.
The Scottish Great Highland bagpipe played at a Canadian military function.
A musician with a Northern Italian Baghèt wearing traditional dress.
Modern Baghèt (made 2000 by Valter Biella) in G.
Central and southern Italian zampogna.
Laz man from Turkey playing a tulum.
Cillian Vallely playing Irish Uilleann pipes.
Kathryn Tickell playing Northumbrian smallpipes.
Man from Skopje, North Macedonia playing the Gaida.
Galician gaita.
Sruti upanga, a Southern Indian bagpipe.
Hungarian duda.
Serbian piper.
Polish pipers.
Bagad of Lann Bihoué from the French Navy.
Swedish säckpipa.
Pastoral pipes with removable footjoint and bellows.
Street piper from Sofia, Bulgaria.
Estonian torupill player.
Lithuanian piper.
Modern German huemmelchen.
Lithuanian bagpipes.
A bagad in Brest, France
Gaita asturiana.
Welsh bagpipes (double-reed type).
Cantabrian pipe band.
Syrian piper in Damascus, Syria.
Various forms of the Tsampouna, found in the Greek islands.
Belarusian piper.
Maltese Żaqq.
Piper playing by the Royal Palace of Amsterdam.
Romanian cimpoi player.
Portuguese pipers
thumb|Bagpipes made in Ab Pakhsh, Iran.
thumb|Chanter of bagpipes from Ab Pakhsh

In Brittany, the Great Highland bagpipe and concept of the pipe band were appropriated to create a Breton interpretation known as the bagad.

Lonach Pipe band, Edinburgh Scotland, 2009

Royal Scottish Pipe Band Association

Lonach Pipe band, Edinburgh Scotland, 2009

The Royal Scottish Pipe Band Association (RSPBA) is a governing body to oversee pipe band competition, and to promote and encourage the development of pipe band culture throughout the world.

Snare drum

Percussion instrument that produces a sharp staccato sound when the head is struck with a drum stick, due to the use of a series of stiff wires held under tension against the lower skin.

Percussion instrument that produces a sharp staccato sound when the head is struck with a drum stick, due to the use of a series of stiff wires held under tension against the lower skin.

Snare wires
Snares on bottom of a drum
Snare strainer
A blue snare drum
A line of marching snare drums in a high school marching band

The wires can also be placed on the top, as in the tarol snare, or both heads as in the case of the Highland snare drum.

Drum major of the Royal Regiment of Scotland; the large crown above his chevrons indicates the rank of warrant officer class 2.

Drum major (military)

Drum major of the Royal Regiment of Scotland; the large crown above his chevrons indicates the rank of warrant officer class 2.
Israel Defense Forces Orchestra drum major
A drum major during the 2020 Moscow Victory Day Parade.
Staff Sergeant Kady Miller leads the III Marine Expeditionary Forces Band as drum major in the 75th Anniversary Liberation of Guam Parade on Guam in 2019.
A Tambour-Major of the French Imperial Guard (historical reenactment)
Drum Major and the Band of Her Majesty's Royal Marines
Drum Major and the Band of the Welsh Guards
Drum Major in state dress (unchanged since 1685) and the Coldstream Guards Corps of Drums
Line Infantry Drum Major, Corps of Drums and Band (Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment)
Drum Major, Royal Regiment of Fusiliers (Minden Band of the Queen's Division)
Drum Major (Warrant Officer), Royal Air Force
Drum Major, United States Marine Drum and Bugle Corps
Drum Major, Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps
Drum Major, Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego Band
Drum Major, United States Army Band
Drum Major, United States Navy Band
Drum Major, United States Air Force Band
Ukrainian Drum Major
Drum Major, Military Band of the Pacific Fleet
Drum Major, Central Military Band of the Ministry of Defense of Russia
Drum Major, Military Brass Band of the Commandant Regiment of the Ministry of Defense of Tajikistan
Drum Major, Band of the Donetsk Garrison
Drum Major, Military Band of the Eastern Military District
Drum Major, Central Military Band of the People's Liberation Army of China
Drum Major, People's Liberation Army Navy Band
Drum Major, Women's Military Band of the PLA National Defense University

A drum major in the military refers to someone who is the individual leading a military band or a field unit (corps of drums, fanfare band, pipe band or drum and bugle corps).

One of the earliest depictions of the kilt is this German print showing Highlanders around 1630

Kilt

Type of knee-length men’s dress skirt non-bifurcated with pleats at the back, originating in the traditional dress of Gaelic men and boys in the Scottish Highlands.

Type of knee-length men’s dress skirt non-bifurcated with pleats at the back, originating in the traditional dress of Gaelic men and boys in the Scottish Highlands.

One of the earliest depictions of the kilt is this German print showing Highlanders around 1630
The modern Scottish kilt worn with formal evening wear (2009) and a highly decorative sporran (purse) hanging from the waist
General William Gordon, shown wearing a kilt - part of the uniform of the short-lived 105th Regiment of Foot - in the painting by Pompeo Batoni (1765–66).
Oliver tartan kilt (2006)
Stitching on the fell of a kilt (Robertson Red Modern)
Pleating to the stripe (2005)
Pleating to the sett
Highland dancer revealing the action of a kilt, worn here with a velvet waistcoat
Irish Defence Force pipers wearing saffron kilts
Example of contemporary kilt
Contemporary hybrid kilt

Kilts are also used for parades by groups such as the Boys' Brigade and Scouts, and in many places kilts are seen in force at Highland games and pipe band championships as well as being worn at Scottish country dances and ceilidhs.

People dancing to a club DJ's music

Strathspey (dance)

Type of dance tune in time, featuring dotted rhythms , which in traditional playing are generally somewhat exaggerated rhythmically.

Type of dance tune in time, featuring dotted rhythms , which in traditional playing are generally somewhat exaggerated rhythmically.

People dancing to a club DJ's music

The strathspey also forms part of the musical format for competing pipe bands.