Pipil languagewikipedia
Pipil (natively Nawat) is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao language of the Uto-Aztecan family, which stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.
PipilNawatNahuatNicaraoPipil (Nawat)Pipil-speakingNahuat languagepplPipil or Nawat

Uto-Aztecan languages

Uto-AztecanUto-Aztecan languageUto-Aztecan language family
Pipil (natively Nawat) is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao language of the Uto-Aztecan family, which stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.
The northernmost Uto-Aztecan language is Shoshoni, which is spoken as far north as Salmon, Idaho, while the southernmost is the Pipil language of El Salvador.

Nicarao people

Nicarao
The name of the language family was created to show that it includes the greatest extent perimeter from the Ute language of Utah, to the former Toltec predecessor and the expanse margin Pipil-Nicarao successors, which was spoken in several parts of present-day Central America before the Spanish conquest.
The Nicarao people were a Nahuat-speaking Mesoamerican people that migrated from central and southern Mexico over the course of several centuries from approximately 700 AD onwards.

Nicaragua

NicaraguaRepublic of NicaraguaNicaraguan
Pipil (natively Nawat) is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao language of the Uto-Aztecan family, which stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.
The Pipil-Nicarao people were a branch of Nahuas who spoke the Nahuat dialect, and like the Chorotegas, they too had come from Chiapas to Nicaragua in approximately 1200 CE. Prior to that, the Pipil-Nicaraos had been associated with the Toltec civilization.

El Salvador

SalvadoranEl SalvadorSalvador
Pipil (natively Nawat) is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao language of the Uto-Aztecan family, which stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.
They called their territory Kuskatan, a Pipil word meaning The Place of Precious Jewels, backformed into Classical Nahuatl Cōzcatlān, and Hispanicized as Cuzcatlán.

Nahuatl

NahuatlnáhuatlNahua
The name Pipil for this language is used by the international scholarly community, chiefly to differentiate it more clearly from Nahuatl.
Sometimes the label also is used to include the Pipil language (Nawat) of El Salvador.

Izalco

Villa Izalco
Izalco (in Nawat: Itzalku) is a municipality in the Sonsonate department of El Salvador.

Alan R. King

King, Alan R.King
Pipil specialists (Campbell, Fidias Jiménez, Geoffroy Rivas, King, Lemus, and Schultze, inter alia) generally treat Pipil/Nawat as a separate language, at least in practice.
Alan Roy King (born 24 October 1954) is a British linguist notable for his work on Basque and Nawat.

Alagüilac language

AlagüilacAlaguilac
The genetic position of San Agustín Acasaguastlán Mejicano is still uncertain (see Alagüilac language).
Brinton (1892) considered Alaguilac to be a dialect of Pipil.

Cuzcatlan

Cuzcatlán
Cuzcatlan (Nawat: Kuskatan) was a pre-Columbian Nahua state of the postclassical period that extended from the Paz river to the Lempa river (covering most of the western and central zones of the present Republic of El Salvador), this was the nation that Spanish chroniclers came to call the Pipils/Cuzcatlecs.

Pipil language (typological overview)

typological overview
This rather technical article provides a typological sketch of the Pipil language (also known as Nawat).

Pipil grammar

This article provides a grammar sketch of the Nawat or Pipil language, an endangered language spoken by the Pipils of western El Salvador, belonging to the Nahua group within the Uto-Aztecan language family.

Pipil people

PipilPipil-NicaraoPipils
Their language is called Nahuat or Pipil, related to the Toltec people of the Nahuatl Nation.

Nahuan languages

Aztecan (Nahuan)NahuatlNahua
Nahuan languages include not just varieties known as Nahuatl, but also Pipil and the extinct Pochutec language.

Eastern Peripheral Nahuatl

Eastern PeripheryEastern PeripheralEastern
Eastern Peripheral Nahuatl is a group of Nahuatl languages, including the Pipil language of El Salvador and the Nahuatl dialects of the Sierra Norte de Puebla, southern Veracruz, and Tabasco (Isthmus dialects):

1932 Salvadoran peasant massacre

1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising1932 Salvadoran peasant massacreLa Matanza
The exact number of speakers has been difficult to determine because persecution of Pipil speakers throughout the 20th century (massacres after suppression of the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising, laws that made speaking Nawat illegal) made them conceal their use of the language.
The events brought about the extermination of the majority of the Pipil-speaking population, which led to a near total loss of the spoken language in El Salvador.

Grammatical number

numbersingulargrammatical number
The obligatory marking of number extends in Pipil to almost all plural noun phrases (regardless of animacy), which will contain at least one plural form, most commonly marked by reduplication.

Pupusa

pupusapupusasNational Day of the Pupusa
A pupusa (, from Pipil pupusawa) is a traditional Salvadoran dish of a thick corn tortilla stuffed with a savory filling.

Usulután Department

Usulutánthe
Usulután from the Nawat language (meaning "city of the ocelots") is a department of El Salvador in the southeast of the country (Lenca region).

Nahuas

NahuaNahuasNahuatl
Their Uto-Aztecan languages, Nahuatl and Pipil (Nawat), consist of many dialects, several of which are mutually unintelligible.

Culture of El Salvador

El Salvador
Less than one percent of the population speaks the Pipil language, in places such as Izalco and several other towns.

Salvadoran Americans

SalvadoranSalvadoransSalvadoran-American
Salvadoran Spanish consists of many Native American/Indigenous words from the Lenca and Pipil language that survived the European conquest and rule of El Salvador.

Santo Domingo, Sonsonate

Santo DomingoSanto Domingo Huitzampam
Santo Domingo (in Nawat: Witzapan) is a municipality in the Sonsonate department of El Salvador.

Spanish conquest of Nicaragua

Spanish conquestconquest of NicaraguaSpaexplores Nicaragua
The Nicarao were a Nahuat-speaking Mesoamerican people that had migrated southwards from central Mexico from the 8th century AD onwards.

Cihuatlán

CihuatlánCihuatlan-ManzanilloCihuatlán Valley
It existed when the Spanish first seized Mexico from the Aztecs and was fittingly allowed to retain its name, which in the nahuat language means place of women.