Pipil language (typological overview)

typological overview
This rather technical article provides a typological sketch of the Pipil language (also known as Nawat).wikipedia
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Pipil grammar

Another related article outlines Pipil grammar in fuller detail.
There also exists a brief typological overview of the language that summarizes the language's most salient features of general typological interest in more technical terms.

Pipil language

PipilNahuatNawat
This rather technical article provides a typological sketch of the Pipil language (also known as Nawat).
Pipil language (typological overview)

Linguistics

linguistlinguisticlinguists
This article is likely to be of most interest and use to readers interested in general linguistics, language typology, and related areas such as areal typology, and especially (though not exclusively) to professional linguists.

Areal feature

arealareal featuresareal change
This article is likely to be of most interest and use to readers interested in general linguistics, language typology, and related areas such as areal typology, and especially (though not exclusively) to professional linguists.

Phoneme

phonemicphonemesphonemically
The Nawat phoneme inventory is smaller than that of most languages in the area.

Phonation

voicingvoice qualityvoice
Phonemically relevant voice distinctions are generally absent: plosives are normally voiceless (though there exist some voiced allophones), as are fricatives and affricates; liquids, nasals and semivowels are normally voiced (though there exist voiceless allophones).

Stop consonant

PlosiveStopstops
Phonemically relevant voice distinctions are generally absent: plosives are normally voiceless (though there exist some voiced allophones), as are fricatives and affricates; liquids, nasals and semivowels are normally voiced (though there exist voiceless allophones).

Allophone

allophonicallophonesallophony
Phonemically relevant voice distinctions are generally absent: plosives are normally voiceless (though there exist some voiced allophones), as are fricatives and affricates; liquids, nasals and semivowels are normally voiced (though there exist voiceless allophones).

Fricative consonant

Fricativefricativesvoiceless fricative
Phonemically relevant voice distinctions are generally absent: plosives are normally voiceless (though there exist some voiced allophones), as are fricatives and affricates; liquids, nasals and semivowels are normally voiced (though there exist voiceless allophones).

Affricate consonant

Affricateaffricatesaffrication
Phonemically relevant voice distinctions are generally absent: plosives are normally voiceless (though there exist some voiced allophones), as are fricatives and affricates; liquids, nasals and semivowels are normally voiced (though there exist voiceless allophones).

Liquid consonant

Liquidliquidsliquid consonants
Phonemically relevant voice distinctions are generally absent: plosives are normally voiceless (though there exist some voiced allophones), as are fricatives and affricates; liquids, nasals and semivowels are normally voiced (though there exist voiceless allophones).

Nasal consonant

NasalNasalsnasal consonants
Phonemically relevant voice distinctions are generally absent: plosives are normally voiceless (though there exist some voiced allophones), as are fricatives and affricates; liquids, nasals and semivowels are normally voiced (though there exist voiceless allophones).

Semivowel

glideglidessemi-vowel
Phonemically relevant voice distinctions are generally absent: plosives are normally voiceless (though there exist some voiced allophones), as are fricatives and affricates; liquids, nasals and semivowels are normally voiced (though there exist voiceless allophones).

Syllable

codaonsetsyllable coda
Syllables consist of a vowel nucleus preceded and followed by a maximum of one consonant: (C)V(C).

Vowel

vowelsvowel heightV
Syllables consist of a vowel nucleus preceded and followed by a maximum of one consonant: (C)V(C).

Consonant

consonantsCconson.
Syllables consist of a vowel nucleus preceded and followed by a maximum of one consonant: (C)V(C).

Stress (linguistics)

stressstressedunstressed
Word stress is normally phonologically determined, and rarely distinctive.

Distinctive feature

distinctive featuresfeaturesfeature
Word stress is normally phonologically determined, and rarely distinctive.

Morphology (linguistics)

morphologymorphologicalmorphologically
Inflectional and derivational morphology are of moderate complexity, with a fairly balanced mix of prefixing and suffixing mechanisms.

Prefix

prefixesprefixationprefixed
Inflectional and derivational morphology are of moderate complexity, with a fairly balanced mix of prefixing and suffixing mechanisms.

Suffix

suffixesendingdesinence
Inflectional and derivational morphology are of moderate complexity, with a fairly balanced mix of prefixing and suffixing mechanisms.

Nominal (linguistics)

nominalnominalsbare nominals
In the nominal morphology there is no inflection for case or definiteness, the morphological categories being number, state (absolute vs. construct) and person (of the possessor, with construct state).

Inflection

inflectedinflectional morphologyinflect
In the nominal morphology there is no inflection for case or definiteness, the morphological categories being number, state (absolute vs. construct) and person (of the possessor, with construct state).

Grammatical case

casecasescase marking
In the nominal morphology there is no inflection for case or definiteness, the morphological categories being number, state (absolute vs. construct) and person (of the possessor, with construct state).

Definiteness

definiteindefinitedef.
In the nominal morphology there is no inflection for case or definiteness, the morphological categories being number, state (absolute vs. construct) and person (of the possessor, with construct state).