Pipil people

PipilPipil-NicaraoPipilsCuzcatlecsPipil-NicaraosPipil IndianPipil IndiansPipil tribes
[[File:NATIVE AMERICAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF EL SALVADOR IN CENTRAL AMERICA ISTHMUS.png|thumb|right|Map of El Salvador's Native American civilizations and their kingdoms:wikipedia
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El Salvador

ūüáłūüáĽSalvadoranSalvador
The Pipils or Cuzcatlecs are an indigenous people who live in western El Salvador, which they call Cuzcatlan.
El Salvador was for centuries inhabited by several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya.

Cuzcatlan

Cuzcatl√°n
The Pipils or Cuzcatlecs are an indigenous people who live in western El Salvador, which they call Cuzcatlan.
Cuzcatlan (Nawat: Kuskatan) was a pre-Columbian Nahua state of the postclassical period that extended from the Paz river to the Lempa river (covering most of the western and central zones of the present Republic of El Salvador), this was the nation that Spanish chroniclers came to call the Pipils/Cuzcatlecs.

Nicaragua

ūüá≥ūüáģNicaraguanRepublic of Nicaragua
The Pipil language is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao dialect of the Nahuan languages branch, a dialect chain that stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America. Later, he arrived at the now ruined Maya site of Cop√°n in Honduras and subsequently went to the environs of the present Nicaragua, where he established the people known as Nicarao.
The Pipil-Nicarao people were a branch of Nahuas who spoke the Nahuat dialect, and like the Chorotegas, they too had come from Chiapas to Nicaragua in approximately 1200 CE. Prior to that, the Pipil-Nicaraos had been associated with the Toltec civilization.

Central America

CentralCentral AmericanCentral-
The Pipil language is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao dialect of the Nahuan languages branch, a dialect chain that stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.
Beginning with his arrival in Soconusco in 1523, Alvarado's forces systematically conquered and subjugated most of the major Maya kingdoms, including the K'iche', Tz'utujil, Pipil, and the Kaqchikel.

Nahuatl

n√°huatlNahuaAztec
Their language is called Nahuat or Pipil, related to the Toltec people of the Nahuatl Nation.
The Pipil people of El Salvador do not call their own language "Pipil", as most linguists do, but rather nawat.

1932 Salvadoran peasant massacre

1932 Salvadoran peasant uprisingLa MatanzaMatanza
The exact number of speakers is difficult to determine because native speakers do not wish to be identified due to historic government repression of aboriginal Salvadore√Īos, such as La Matanza ("The Massacre") of 1932.
This area was heavily populated by the indigenous Pipils.

Nicarao people

Nicarao
Later, he arrived at the now ruined Maya site of Cop√°n in Honduras and subsequently went to the environs of the present Nicaragua, where he established the people known as Nicarao.
Around 1200 AD, the Nicarao split from the Pipil people and moved into what is now Nicaragua.

Pipil grammar

Pipil grammar
This article provides a grammar sketch of the Nawat or Pipil language, an endangered language spoken by the Pipils of western El Salvador, belonging to the Nahua group within the Uto-Aztecan language family.

Pipil language

PipilNahuatNawat
The Pipil language is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao dialect of the Nahuan languages branch, a dialect chain that stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America. Their language is called Nahuat or Pipil, related to the Toltec people of the Nahuatl Nation. The name of the language family was created to show that it includes the greatest extent perimeter from the Ute language of Utah, to the former Toltec predecessor and the expanse margin Pipil-Nicarao successors. The Pipil speak the endangered Uto-Aztecan language Nawat, also known as Pipil in English, and as n√°huat in Spanish.
Pipil people

Battle of Acajutla

Legend has it that a Pipil Cacique or King named Atlacatl and his son Prince Atonal led the Pipil forces against first contact with the Spanish, the most famous battle being the Battle of Acajutla.
The Battle of Acajutla was a battle on June 8, 1524, between the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado and the standing army of Cuscatlan Pipils, an indigenous state, in the neighborhood of present-day Acajutla, near the coast of western El Salvador.

Pedro de Alvarado

AlvaradoPedro of AlvaradoPedro
Pedro de Alvarado, a lieutenant of Hernán Cortés, led the first Spanish invasion in June 1524.
Spanish efforts were firmly resisted by the indigenous people known as the Pipil and their Mayan speaking neighbors.

Mesoamerica

MesoamericanMeso-AmericanPostclassic
Fowler, William R. (1983). La distribución prehistórica e histórica de los pipiles. Mesoamérica, 6, 348-372.
The Pipil resided in El Salvador, while the Ch'orti' were in eastern Guatemala and northwestern Honduras.

Fray Juan de Torquemada

Juan de TorquemadaTorquemadade Torquemada, Fray Juan
de Torquemada, Fray Juan. (1969 [1615]). Monarqu√≠a Indiana. Biblioteca Porr√ļa (Vols. 41-43). Mexico: Librer√≠a Porr√ļa
It is considered an especially important source on the Mexica, Totonac, Pipil and Nicoya cultures.

Indigenous peoples

indigenousindigenous peopleaboriginal
The Pipils or Cuzcatlecs are an indigenous people who live in western El Salvador, which they call Cuzcatlan.

Toltec

TulaTollanToltec Empire
The Pipil language is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao dialect of the Nahuan languages branch, a dialect chain that stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America. Their language is called Nahuat or Pipil, related to the Toltec people of the Nahuatl Nation. The name of the language family was created to show that it includes the greatest extent perimeter from the Ute language of Utah, to the former Toltec predecessor and the expanse margin Pipil-Nicarao successors.

Utah

UTState of UtahUtah, U.S.
The Pipil language is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao dialect of the Nahuan languages branch, a dialect chain that stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.

Colorado River Numic language

Colorado River NumicSouthern PaiutePaiute
The name of the language family was created to show that it includes the greatest extent perimeter from the Ute language of Utah, to the former Toltec predecessor and the expanse margin Pipil-Nicarao successors.

Nahuan languages

Aztecan (Nahuan)NahuaNahuatl
The Pipil language is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nicarao dialect of the Nahuan languages branch, a dialect chain that stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.

Maya mythology

MayanMayaAkna
Their mythology, however, is more closely related to the mythology of the Maya peoples, who are their near neighbors, and by oral tradition said to have been adopted by Ch'orti' and Poqomam Mayan people during the Pipil exodus in the 9th century CE, led by Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl.

Maya peoples

MayaMayanMayans
Their mythology, however, is more closely related to the mythology of the Maya peoples, who are their near neighbors, and by oral tradition said to have been adopted by Ch'orti' and Poqomam Mayan people during the Pipil exodus in the 9th century CE, led by Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl.

Ch'orti' people

Ch'ortiChortísCh’orti’
Their mythology, however, is more closely related to the mythology of the Maya peoples, who are their near neighbors, and by oral tradition said to have been adopted by Ch'orti' and Poqomam Mayan people during the Pipil exodus in the 9th century CE, led by Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl.

Poqomam people

PoqomamPokoman MayaPoqomam Maya
Their mythology, however, is more closely related to the mythology of the Maya peoples, who are their near neighbors, and by oral tradition said to have been adopted by Ch'orti' and Poqomam Mayan people during the Pipil exodus in the 9th century CE, led by Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl.

Exodus

Their mythology, however, is more closely related to the mythology of the Maya peoples, who are their near neighbors, and by oral tradition said to have been adopted by Ch'orti' and Poqomam Mayan people during the Pipil exodus in the 9th century CE, led by Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl.

Indian auxiliaries

anaboriosindios amigosnative auxiliaries
Archaeologist William Fowler notes that pipil can be translated as "noble" and surmises that the invading Spanish and their Indian auxiliaries used the name as a reference to the population's princely caste, which owned all land and directed and composed the standing army.

Endangered language

endangeredmoribundendangered languages
The Pipil speak the endangered Uto-Aztecan language Nawat, also known as Pipil in English, and as n√°huat in Spanish.