Plastic pollution

plastic wasteplasticwasteplasticswaste plasticsentangledplastic garbagepollutioneliminate or drastically reduceentangle
Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic objects (e.g.: plastic bottles and much more) in the Earth's environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat and humans.wikipedia
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Pollution

pollutedenvironmental pollutionpollution control
Together, these two factors have led to a high prominence of plastic pollution in the environment.
Major forms of pollution include: Air pollution, light pollution, littering, noise pollution, plastic pollution, soil contamination, radioactive contamination, thermal pollution, visual pollution, water pollution.

Plastic recycling

recycled plasticplasticrecyclable
In some areas there have been significant efforts to reduce the prominence of plastic pollution, through reducing plastic consumption and promoting plastic recycling.
Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastic and reprocessing the material into useful products.

Pollutant

pollutantsemissionsenvironmental pollutant
Plastics that act as pollutants are categorized into micro-, meso-, or macro debris, based on size.
(e.g. persistent organic pollutants such as PCBs, non-biodegradable plastics, and heavy metals).

Microplastics

microplasticnurdlespellets
There are three major forms of plastic that contribute to plastic pollution: microplastics as well as mega- and macro-plastics.
However, shipping remains a dominant source of plastic pollution, having contributed around 6.5 million tons of plastic in the early 1990s.

5 Gyres

The 5 Gyres Institute
According to Dr. Marcus Eriksen of The 5 Gyres Institute, there are 5.25 trillion particles of plastic pollution that weigh as much as 270,000 tons (2016).
The 5 Gyres Institute is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization that focuses on reducing plastics pollution by focusing on primary research.

Plastic resin pellet pollution

NurdleNurdlesplastic particle water pollution
One type of plastic that is of concern in terms of ocean plastic pollution is nurdles.
Nurdles that escape from the plastic production process into waterways or oceans have become a significant source of ocean and beach plastic pollution.

Marine debris

marine litterocean dumpingdumping
A 2004 study by Richard Thompson from the University of Plymouth, UK, found a great amount of microdebris on the beaches and waters in Europe, the Americas, Australia, Africa, and Antarctica.
Fishing nets left or lost in the ocean by fishermen – ghost nets – can entangle fish, dolphins, sea turtles, sharks, dugongs, crocodiles, seabirds, crabs, and other creatures.

Biodegradable plastic

biodegradable plasticsbiodegradablecompostable plastic
Breakdown of biodegradable plastics releases methane, a very powerful greenhouse gas that contributes significantly to global warming.
This move away from the use of landfills may help alleviate the issue of plastic pollution.

Polyvinyl chloride

PVCvinylpolyvinylchloride
Vinyl Chloride: is also used in the manufacture of PVC and was one of the first to be declared as a human carcinogen by the National Toxicology Program and International Agency for Research on Cancer. -->
A study commissioned by the European Commission on "Life Cycle Assessment of PVC and of principal competing materials" states that "Recent studies show that the presence of PVC has no significant effect on the amount of dioxins released through incineration of plastic waste."

Diisononyl phthalate

DINP
Diisononyl phthalate: is used as a plasticizer to give polycinyl chloride (PVC) products flexibility.
Plastic pollution

Henderson Island (Pitcairn Islands)

Henderson IslandHendersonElizabeth
Research published in April 2017 reported "the highest density of plastic rubbish anywhere in the world" on remote and uninhabited Henderson Island in South Pacific as a result of the South Pacific Gyre.
Research published in April 2017 looked at debris on several beaches, and reported "the highest density of plastic rubbish anywhere in the world" as a result of the South Pacific Gyre.

Plastic Pollution Coalition

Plastic Pollution Coalition
The Plastic Pollution Coalition (PPC) headquartered in Berkeley, CA is an organization working against the growing plastic pollution that is mostly caused by single-use plastic products and ingredients (plastic bottles, plastic bags, polystyrene, microplastics, microbeads).

Great Pacific garbage patch

floating accumulationgarbage patchgarbage patch the size of Mexico
The two garbage patches are both part of the great Pacific garbage patch, and are connected through a section of plastic debris off the northern coast of the Hawaiian islands.
Plastic pollution

United Nations Ocean Conference

2017 United Nations Ocean Conference
United Nations Ocean Conference
Every year around 8 million metric tons of plastic waste leak into the ocean and make it into the circular ocean currents.

World Environment Day

World Environment Day 2017World Environment Day Global School Contest 2012
World Environment Day (theme in 2018)
By choosing this Theme, it is aimed that people may strive to change their everyday lives to reduce the heavy burden of plastic pollution.

Laysan albatross

LaysanLaysan albatrossesPhoebastria immutabilis
An estimate of 1.5 million Laysan albatrosses, which inhabit Midway Atoll, all have plastics in their digestive system.
The species is still vulnerable to longline fisheries and the ingestion of floating plastics due to high rates of plastic pollution.

Midway Atoll

MidwayMidway IslandMidway Islands
An estimate of 1.5 million Laysan albatrosses, which inhabit Midway Atoll, all have plastics in their digestive system.
Albatrosses are not the only species to suffer from the plastic pollution; sea turtles and monk seals also consume the debris.

Plastic container

plastic packagingplastic containersplastic tubs
In January 2019, the Iceland supermarket chain, which specializes in frozen foods, pledged to "eliminate or drastically reduce all plastic packaging for its store-brand products by 2023."
The former makes up a notable portion of the global plastic waste (e.g. toothpaste tubs, food delivery foam containers, most plastic bottles, etc.).

Biodegradation

biodegradablebiodegradabilitybio-degradable
Some supermarkets charge their customers for plastic bags, and in some places more efficient reusable or biodegradable materials are being used in place of plastics.
That is why conventional plastics, when discarded, persist for a long time in the environment.

Plastisphere

Plastisphere
Plastic pollution provides a more durable "ship" than biodegradable material for carrying the organisms over long distances.

Iceland (supermarket)

IcelandIceland supermarket Iceland
In January 2019, the Iceland supermarket chain, which specializes in frozen foods, pledged to "eliminate or drastically reduce all plastic packaging for its store-brand products by 2023."
The company has pledged to "eliminate or drastically reduce all plastic packaging for its store-brand products by 2023."

Plastiglomerate

plastiglomerates
Plastiglomerate
Plastiglomerate may also conceivably form in plastic-polluted regions affected by lava flows or forest fires.

Plastic bottle

plastic bottlesplasticbottles
The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India, has requested various governmental departments to avoid the use of plastic bottles to provide drinking water during governmental meetings, etc., and to instead make arrangements for providing drinking water that do not generate plastic waste.
Plastic pollution

Water bottle

water bottlesplastic bottles.water in plastic bottles
The state of Bihar has banned the usage of plastic water bottles in governmental meetings.
Plastic pollution

Marine pollution

pollutionocean pollutionmarine
Marine pollution
The main causes: Plastic pollution, Ocean acidification, Ocean pollution.