Plectrum

pickplectrapickedpicksguitar picksguitar plectrumplectrumsflat pickguitar pickflat-pick
A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument.wikipedia
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String instrument

stringsstringstring instruments
A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument.
Musicians play some string instruments by plucking the strings with their fingers or a plectrum—and others by hitting the strings with a light wooden hammer or by rubbing the strings with a bow.

Guitar

guitarslead guitarbass
For hand-held instruments such as guitars and mandolins, the plectrum is often called a pick and is a separate tool held in the player's hand.
It is typically played with both hands by strumming or plucking the strings with either a guitar pick or the finger(s)/fingernails of one hand, while simultaneously fretting (pressing the strings against the frets) with the fingers of the other hand.

Mandolin

mandolinistmandolinsBandolim
For hand-held instruments such as guitars and mandolins, the plectrum is often called a pick and is a separate tool held in the player's hand. A plectrum for electric guitars, acoustic guitars, bass guitars and mandolins is typically a thin piece of plastic or other material shaped like a pointed teardrop or triangle.
A mandolin (mandolino ; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum.

Electric guitar

guitarelectricguitars
A plectrum for electric guitars, acoustic guitars, bass guitars and mandolins is typically a thin piece of plastic or other material shaped like a pointed teardrop or triangle.
The vibration occurs when a guitar player strums, plucks, fingerpicks, slaps or taps the strings.

Harpsichord

cembaloharpsichordsclavecin
In harpsichords, the plectra are attached to the jack mechanism.
This activates a row of levers that turn a trigger mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum made from quill or plastic.

Bass guitar

basselectric bassbassist
A plectrum for electric guitars, acoustic guitars, bass guitars and mandolins is typically a thin piece of plastic or other material shaped like a pointed teardrop or triangle.
It is played primarily with the fingers or thumb, or striking with a pick.

Fingerpick

thumb pickfinger pickfingerpicks
Banjo and guitar players may wear a metal or plastic thumb pick mounted on a ring, and bluegrass banjo players often wear metal or plastic fingerpicks on their fingertips.
A fingerpick or thumbpick is a type of plectrum used most commonly for playing bluegrass style banjo music.

Acoustic guitar

acousticacoustic guitarsguitar
A plectrum for electric guitars, acoustic guitars, bass guitars and mandolins is typically a thin piece of plastic or other material shaped like a pointed teardrop or triangle.
The vihuela de arco was an instrument that mimicked the violin, and the vihuela de penola was played with a plectrum or by hand.

Fingerstyle guitar

fingerstylefingerpickingfinger-picking
Many guitarists also use the pick and the remaining right-hand fingers simultaneously to combine some advantages of flat picking and finger picking.
Fingerstyle guitar is the technique of playing the guitar by plucking the strings directly with the fingertips, fingernails, or picks attached to fingers, as opposed to flatpicking (plucking individual notes with a single plectrum, commonly called a "pick").

Shamisen

samisensangenShamisen tablature
The plectra for the Japanese biwa and shamisen can be quite large, and those used for the Arabic oud are longer and narrower, replacing the formerly used eagle feather.
It is played with a plectrum called a bachi.

Hybrid picking

Chicken pickingChicken pickin
This technique is called hybrid picking.
Hybrid picking is a guitar-playing technique that involves picking with a pick (plectrum) and one or more fingers alternately or simultaneously.

Biwa

Satsuma biwagaku-biwaHeike Biwa
The plectra for the Japanese biwa and shamisen can be quite large, and those used for the Arabic oud are longer and narrower, replacing the formerly used eagle feather.
It retained the rounded shape of the gaku-biwa and was played with a large plectrum like the mōsō-biwa.

Oud

udkabanOuti
The plectra for the Japanese biwa and shamisen can be quite large, and those used for the Arabic oud are longer and narrower, replacing the formerly used eagle feather.
It may refer to the wooden plectrum traditionally used for playing the oud, to the thin strips of wood used for the back, or to the wooden soundboard that distinguishes it from similar instruments with skin-faced bodies.

Pascal Taskin

TaskinPascal Joseph TaskinTaskins
In late French harpsichords by the great builder Pascal Taskin, peau de buffle, a chamois-like material from the hide of the European bison, was used for plectra to produce a delicate pianissimo.
He is credited with introducing genouillères (knee-levers) with which to control the stop combinations, and a new register of jacks using peau de buffle (soft buff leather) plectra, instead of the usual quill, in 1768.

Crosspicking

Cross picking
Crosspicking is a technique for playing the mandolin or guitar using a plectrum or flatpick in a rolling, syncopated style across three strings.

Guitar pick

pickpickingpicks
A guitar pick (American English) is a plectrum used for guitars.

Sanxian

ShanzShanz, Shudragaxianzi
Plectra used for Chinese instruments such as the sanxian were formerly made of animal horn, though many players today use plastic plectra.
Traditionally the instrument is plucked with a thin, hard plectrum made from animal horn but today most players use a plastic plectrum (similar to a guitar pick) or, alternatively, their fingernails.

Flatpicking

flatpickerpickingflat pick
Flatpicking (or simply picking) is the technique of striking the strings of a guitar with a pick (also called a plectrum) held between the thumb and one or two fingers.

Mezrab

mizrabMezrabsMezrābs
A mezrāb or zakhmeh (مضراب, also spelled mizrab) or (, also spelled as zakhma) is a plectrum which is used for several Iranian and Indian string instruments.

Polyoxymethylene

Delrinpolyacetalacetal
Guitar picks are made of a variety of materials, including celluloid, metal, and rarely other exotic materials such as turtle shell, but today delrin is the most common.

Celluloid

ParkesineXylonitefilm
Guitar picks are made of a variety of materials, including celluloid, metal, and rarely other exotic materials such as turtle shell, but today delrin is the most common.

Felt

feltingfelt hatscarroting
For other instruments in the modern day most players use plastic plectra but a variety of other materials, including wood and felt (for use with the ukulele) are common.

Ukulele

ukelelebaritone ukuleleTenor ukulele
For other instruments in the modern day most players use plastic plectra but a variety of other materials, including wood and felt (for use with the ukulele) are common.

Rock and roll

rockrock 'n' rollrock & roll
Guitarists in the rock, blues, jazz and bluegrass genres tend to use a plectrum, partly because the use of steel strings tends to wear out the fingernails quickly, and also because a plectrum provides a more "focused" and "aggressive" sound.

Blues

blues musicthe bluespiano blues
Guitarists in the rock, blues, jazz and bluegrass genres tend to use a plectrum, partly because the use of steel strings tends to wear out the fingernails quickly, and also because a plectrum provides a more "focused" and "aggressive" sound.