Plinian eruption

PlinianPlinian eruptionsUltra PlinianUltra-Pliniansub-PlinianVesuvian eruptionsubplinianUltraplinian eruptioneruptionLetters of Pliny the Younger, Book Six, 16 and 20
Plinian eruptions or Vesuvian eruptions are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, which destroyed the ancient Roman cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii.wikipedia
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Types of volcanic eruptions

volcanic eruptioneruptionvolcanic eruptions
Plinian eruptions or Vesuvian eruptions are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, which destroyed the ancient Roman cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
The stronger eruptive types are Pelean eruptions, followed by Plinian eruptions; the strongest eruptions are called "Ultra-Plinian."

Eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79

eruption of Mount Vesuviuseruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79eruption of Vesuvius
Plinian eruptions or Vesuvian eruptions are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, which destroyed the ancient Roman cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
The event is the namesake for the Vesuvian type of volcanic eruptions, characterized by eruption columns of hot gases and ash exploding into the stratosphere, although the event also included pyroclastic flows associated with Pelean eruptions.

Pumice

pumice stonePumicitepumiceous
The key characteristics are ejection of large amount of pumice and very powerful continuous gas-driven eruptions.
Pumice is a common product of explosive eruptions (plinian and ignimbrite-forming) and commonly forms zones in upper parts of silicic lavas.

Pompeii

PompeianPompeii, ItalyPompei
Plinian eruptions or Vesuvian eruptions are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, which destroyed the ancient Roman cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
Volcanologists have recognised the importance of Pliny the Younger's account of the eruption by calling similar events "Plinian".

Volcanic Explosivity Index

VEIVEI 7VEI 5
According to the Volcanic Explosivity Index, Plinian eruptions have a VEI of 4, 5 or 6, sub-Plinian 3 or 4, and ultra-Plinian 6, 7 or 8.

946 eruption of Paektu Mountain

Tianchi eruption946 AD Eruption of Paektu MountainBaekdu
The eruption began with a strong Plinian column, and ended with voluminous pyroclastic flows.

Pliny the Younger

PlinyPliniusyounger Pliny
The eruption was described in a letter written by Pliny the Younger, after the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder.
The two letters have great historical value due to their accurate description of Vesuvius' eruption; Pliny's attention to detail in the letters about Vesuvius is so keen that modern volcanologists describe those types of eruptions as "Plinian eruptions".

Minoan eruption

Thera eruptionTheravolcanic eruption
The eruption was of the Ultra Plinian type, and it resulted in an estimated 30 to 35 km high eruption column which reached the stratosphere.

Bridge River Vent

400s BC eruption of the Bridge River Ventlarge explosive eruption
Substantially, the Bridge River event was explosive in nature, ranging from Plinian to Peléan activity.

Huaynaputina

1600 eruption of HuaynaputinaHuaynavolcano in South America
These vents lie at an elevation of about, making them among the highest vents of a Plinian eruption in the world.

1257 Samalas eruption

1257 eruption of Mount SamalasSamalas1257 eruption
The phases of the eruption are also known as P1 (phreatic and magmatic phase), P2 (phreatomagmatic with pyroclastic flows), P3 (Plinian) and P4 (pyroclastic flows).

Pliny the Elder

PlinyPlin.Plinius
The eruption was described in a letter written by Pliny the Younger, after the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder.

Hatepe eruption

180 AD Lake Taupo eruption181 AD eruptionerupts
Despite the uniform composition of the erupted magma, a wide variety of eruptive styles were displayed, including weak phreatomagmatism, Plinian eruptions, and a huge pyroclastic flow.

El Chichón

El ChichonChichonal volcanoEl Chichón Volcano
In little under a week, the presumed dormant volcano produced three plinian eruptions (March 29, April 3, and April 4).

1883 eruption of Krakatoa

1883 eruptioneruption of KrakatoaKrakatoa
Plinian eruptions are often accompanied by loud noises, such as those generated by the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa. 74,000 years ago, VEI 8), Tambora (1815, VEI 7), Krakatoa (1883, VEI 6), Akahoya eruption of Kikai Caldera, Japan and the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines (VEI 6).

Mount Tarumae

1667 and 1739 eruptions of Mount Tarumae
Previous major eruptions have occurred in 1667, 1739 (plinian eruption of VEI 5 ), and 1909.

Mount Pinatubo

Mt. PinatuboPinatubo1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo
74,000 years ago, VEI 8), Tambora (1815, VEI 7), Krakatoa (1883, VEI 6), Akahoya eruption of Kikai Caldera, Japan and the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines (VEI 6).

Hōei eruption

Hōei eruption of Mount Fujierupted1707 eruption of Mount Fuji

1815 eruption of Mount Tambora

1815 eruption18151815 eruption of Tambora
74,000 years ago, VEI 8), Tambora (1815, VEI 7), Krakatoa (1883, VEI 6), Akahoya eruption of Kikai Caldera, Japan and the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines (VEI 6).

1886 eruption of Mount Tarawera

eruption of Mount Tarawera1886eruption in 1886
Basaltic, low-silica lavas are unusual for Plinian eruptions; the most recent basaltic example is the 1886 eruption of Mount Tarawera on New Zealand's North Island.

Peléan eruption

PeléanPelean eruptionPelean domes
The tephra deposits have lower volume and range than the corresponding Plinian and Vulcanian eruptions.

Akahoya eruption

74,000 years ago, VEI 8), Tambora (1815, VEI 7), Krakatoa (1883, VEI 6), Akahoya eruption of Kikai Caldera, Japan and the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines (VEI 6).

Volcano

volcanicvolcanoesvolcanic igneous activity
Plinian eruptions or Vesuvian eruptions are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, which destroyed the ancient Roman cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii.

Anno Domini

ADBCChristian era
Plinian eruptions or Vesuvian eruptions are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, which destroyed the ancient Roman cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii.