Pluricentric language

pluricentricPluricentric Serbo-Croatian languagepolycentric standard languagepolycentric languageco-dialectmonocentric languagepluricentricitypluricentrismpluricentristicpolycentric
A pluricentric language or polycentric language is a language with several interacting codified standard forms, often corresponding to different countries.wikipedia
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Standard language

standardstandardizedstandard dialect
A pluricentric language or polycentric language is a language with several interacting codified standard forms, often corresponding to different countries.
In that vein, a pluricentric language has interacting standard varieties; examples are English, French, and Portuguese, German, Korean, and Serbo-Croatian, Spanish and Swedish, Armenian and Mandarin Chinese; whereas monocentric languages, such as Russian and Japanese, have one standardized idiom.

German language

GermanGerman-languageGerman-speaking
Examples include Armenian, Chinese, English, French, German, Korean, Portuguese, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish and Swedish.
With standardized variants (German, Austrian and Swiss Standard German), German is a pluricentric language.

Serbo-Croatian

Serbo-Croatian languageSerbo-CroatSerbo-Croato-Slovenian
Examples include Armenian, Chinese, English, French, German, Korean, Portuguese, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish and Swedish.
It is a pluricentric language with four mutually intelligible standard varieties.

Modern Standard Arabic

ArabicStandard ArabicLiterary Arabic
In addition, many speakers use Modern Standard Arabic in education and formal settings.
Modern Standard Arabic is generally not spoken as a mother tongue; it is a pluricentric auxiliary language taught throughout the Arab world in formal education.

Eastern Armenian

EasternArmenian (Eastern)Eastern Armenian language
The Armenian language is a pluricentric language with the liturgical Classical Armenian and two vernacular standards, Eastern Armenian and Western Armenian.
The two standards form a pluricentric language.

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
Examples include Armenian, Chinese, English, French, German, Korean, Portuguese, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish and Swedish.
English is a pluricentric language, which means that no one national authority sets the standard for use of the language.

Armenian language

ArmenianArmenian-languagearm
Examples include Armenian, Chinese, English, French, German, Korean, Portuguese, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish and Swedish. The Armenian language is a pluricentric language with the liturgical Classical Armenian and two vernacular standards, Eastern Armenian and Western Armenian.
]]Armenian is a pluricentric language, having two modern standardized forms: Eastern Armenian and Western Armenian.

Standard French

French accentParisian FrenchMetropolitan French
In the modern era, there are several major loci of the French language, including Standard French (also known as Parisian French), Canadian French (including Quebec French and Acadian French), American French (for instance, Louisiana French), Haitian French, and African French.
As French is a pluricentric language, Standard French encompasses various linguistic norms (consisting of prescribed usage).

Standard German

StandardGermanHigh German
Standard German is often considered an asymmetric pluricentric language; the standard used in Germany is often considered dominant, mostly because of the sheer number of its speakers and their frequent lack of awareness of the Austrian Standard German and Swiss Standard German varieties.
It is a pluricentric Dachsprache with three codified (or "standardized") specific regional variants: German Standard German, Austrian Standard German and Swiss Standard German.

Hindustani language

HindustaniHindi-UrduHindi
The medieval Hindustani (then known as Hindavi ) was based on a register of Delhi's Khariboli dialect and has two modern standard forms, Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu.
It is a pluricentric language, with two official forms, Modern Standard Hindi and Modern Standard Urdu, which are its standardised registers.

Persian language

PersianNew PersianFarsi
The Persian language has three standard varieties with official status in Iran (locally known as Farsi), Afghanistan (officially known as Dari), and Tajikistan (officially known as Tajik).
It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian (officially named Dari since 1958) and Tajiki Persian (officially named Tajik since the Soviet era).

Swiss Standard German

GermanStandard GermanSwiss
Standard German is often considered an asymmetric pluricentric language; the standard used in Germany is often considered dominant, mostly because of the sheer number of its speakers and their frequent lack of awareness of the Austrian Standard German and Swiss Standard German varieties.
German is a pluricentric language.

Austrian German

AustrianGermanAustrian Standard German
Standard German is often considered an asymmetric pluricentric language; the standard used in Germany is often considered dominant, mostly because of the sheer number of its speakers and their frequent lack of awareness of the Austrian Standard German and Swiss Standard German varieties.
As German is a pluricentric language, Austrian German is one among several varieties of Standard German.

Diglossia

diglossic diglossicdiglossic linguistic area
Therefore, in Arabic-speaking communities, diglossia is frequent.

Norman language

NormanNorman FrenchNorman-French
However, government policy made it so that the dialect of Paris would be the method of instruction in schools, and other dialects, like Norman, which has influence from Scandinavian languages, were neglected.
Norman may therefore be described as a pluricentric language.

Shtokavian

Shtokavian dialectIkavianŠtokavian
Rather, as all four standardised varities are based on the prestige Shtokavian dialect, major differences in intelligibility are identified not on the basis of standardised varieties, but rather dialects, like Kajkavian and Chakavian.
Shtokavian, Stokavian or Štokavian (štokavski / штокавски, ) is the prestige dialect of the pluricentric Serbo-Croatian language and the basis of its Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Montenegrin standards.

Dialect continuum

dialect clusterdialect chaincontinuum
The Hindi languages are a large dialect continuum defined as a unit culturally.
Standard Slovene, Macedonian, and Bulgarian are each based on a distinct dialect, but the Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin, and Serbian standard varieties of the pluricentric Serbo-Croatian language are all based on the same dialect, Shtokavian.

Komi-Zyrian language

Komi-ZyrianKomi-ZyryanKomi-Zyrians
Komi-Zyrian language (Коми кыв Komi kyv) or simply Komi, Zyrian or Zyryan, is one of the two regional varieties of the pluricentric Komi language, the other regional variety being Komi-Permyak.

Valencian

Valencian languagevaCatalan
However, in the Valencian Community, the official name of this language is Valencian.

Korean dialects

DialectDialects of KoreanStandard Korean
Despite North–South differences in the Korean language, the two standards are still broadly intelligible.

Language secessionism

Language secessionism in Serbo-Croatiansame dialectcommunicate fluently
It is a pluricentric language being cultivated through four voluntarily diverging normative varieties, Croatian, Bosnian, Montenegrin and Serbian, which are sometimes considered Ausbau languages.

Abstand and ausbau languages

DachspracheAusbauspracheabstand
In some cases the different standards of a pluricentric language may be elaborated until they become autonomous languages, as happened with Malaysian and Indonesian or Hindi and Urdu.
When two standards are based on identical or near-identical dialects, he considered them as variants of the same standard, constituting a pluricentric language.

Mutual intelligibility

mutually intelligiblemutually unintelligibleintelligible
These standards do differ slightly, but do not hinder mutual intelligibility.

World language

global languageWorld Languagesinternational language

Digraphia

digraphicSynchronic digraphiabialphabetic
The ongoing debate on traditional and simplified Chinese characters concerns "diglyphia" or "pluricentricity" rather than digraphia.