Pneumonic plague

pneumonicPlague, pneumonicplaguepneumonic formpulmonary plague
Pneumonic plague is a severe lung infection caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.wikipedia
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Yersinia pestis

Y. pestisplaguebubonic plague bacillus
Pneumonic plague is a severe lung infection caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
It causes the disease plague, which takes three main forms: pneumonic, septicemic, and bubonic plagues.

Bubonic plague

plaguethe plaguebubonic
It is one of three forms of plague, the other two being septicemic plague and bubonic plague.
The three types of plague are the result of the route of infection: bubonic plague, septicemic plague, and pneumonic plague.

Plague (disease)

plagueplaguesthe plague
It is one of three forms of plague, the other two being septicemic plague and bubonic plague.
In the bubonic form there is also swelling of lymph nodes, while in the septicemic form tissues may turn black and die, and in the pneumonic form shortness of breath, cough and chest pain may occur.

Septicemic plague

septicaemic plaguesepticemicPlague, septicemic
It is one of three forms of plague, the other two being septicemic plague and bubonic plague. Pneumonic plague can be caused in two ways: primary, which results from the inhalation of aerosolised plague bacteria, or secondary, when septicaemic plague spreads into lung tissue from the bloodstream.
It is the rarest of the three plague varieties; the other forms are bubonic and pneumonic plague.

Hemoptysis

coughing up bloodhaemoptysishæmoptysis
The most apparent symptom of pneumonic plague is coughing, often with hemoptysis (coughing up blood).
Less common causes include aspergilloma, bronchiectasis, coccidioidomycosis, pulmonary embolism, pneumonic plague, and cystic fibrosis.

Black Death

plagueBlack PlagueGreat Plague
Some hypothesize that the pneumonic version of the plague was mainly responsible for the Black Death that resulted in approximately 50 million deaths in the 1300s.
Some accounts, like that of Lodewijk Heyligen, whose master the Cardinal Colonna died of the plague in 1348, noted a distinct form of the disease that infected the lungs and led to respiratory problems and is identified with pneumonic plague.

Airborne disease

airbornespread through the airthrough the air
It may also result from breathing in airborne droplets from another person or cat infected with pneumonic plague.
They also may be used in dealing with air-borne bacterial primary infections, such as pneumonic plague.

Ziketan Town

Ziketan
An outbreak of the disease in China began in August 2009 in Ziketan Town located in Qinghai Province.
On August 2, the authorities quarantined Ziketan after a dozen people were sickened with pneumonic plague, a lung infection that can kill a human in 24 hours if left untreated.

Lower respiratory tract infection

lung infectionlower respiratory infectionslower respiratory infection
Pneumonic plague is a severe lung infection caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.

Fever

pyrexiafebrileague
Symptoms include fever, headache, shortness of breath, chest pain, and cough.

Shortness of breath

dyspnearespiratory distressdyspnoea
Symptoms include fever, headache, shortness of breath, chest pain, and cough.

Chest pain

chest painschest tightnesschest
Symptoms include fever, headache, shortness of breath, chest pain, and cough.

Vaccine

vaccinesvaccinologyvaccinated
While vaccines are being worked on, in most countries they are not yet commercially available.

Isolation (health care)

isolationisolation hospitalmedical isolation
It is recommended that those infected be isolated from others.

Antibiotic

antibioticsantibacterialtopical antibiotic
Treatment of pneumonic plague is with antibiotics.

Sputum

expectorationmucushuman sputum
With pneumonic plague, the first signs of illness are fever, headache, weakness and rapidly developing pneumonia with shortness of breath, chest pain, cough and sometimes bloody or watery sputum.

Shock (circulatory)

shockcirculatory shocktraumatic shock
The pneumonia progresses for two to four days and may cause respiratory failure and shock.

Pneumonia

bronchopneumoniabronchial pneumoniaNecrotizing pneumonia
Rapidly developing pneumonia with:

Respiratory tract

airwayupper respiratory tractlower respiratory tract

Bacteria

bacteriumbacterialEubacteria
Pneumonic plague is a severe lung infection caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. Pneumonic plague can be caused in two ways: primary, which results from the inhalation of aerosolised plague bacteria, or secondary, when septicaemic plague spreads into lung tissue from the bloodstream.

Lung

lungspulmonaryright lung
Pneumonic plague can be caused in two ways: primary, which results from the inhalation of aerosolised plague bacteria, or secondary, when septicaemic plague spreads into lung tissue from the bloodstream.