Po (river)

Horse riding along the Po Delta.
The Po in San Mauro Torinese in July 2012.

Longest river in Italy.

- Po (river)

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City and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara.

Etruscan jewellery is displayed at the National Archaeological Museum of Ferrara.
Portrait of a Woman by Bartolomeo Veneto, is traditionally assumed to be Lucrezia Borgia.
Ferrara as it appeared in 1600
Downtown Ferrara around 1900
Este Castle covered in snow
The Gothic façade of the Cathedral
The 15th-century Town Hall
Palazzo dei Diamanti, seat of the National Gallery
A section of the Renaissance walls
Francesco del Cossa's "May" from the "Salone dei Mesi" ("Great hall of the months") in Palazzo Schifanoia, circa 1470
Title page of John Harington's translation of Orlando Furioso, 1634
A page from Borso d'Este Bible
A child dressed up for the Palio
Some food items easily found in Ferrara: "coppia" bread, "zia" garlic salami and muskmelon.

It is situated 44 km northeast of Bologna, on the Po di Volano, a branch channel of the main stream of the Po River, located 5 km north.


Major river in France and Switzerland, rising in the Alps and flowing west and south through Lake Geneva and southeastern France before discharging into the Mediterranean Sea.

The source of the Rhône, at the foot of the Rhône Glacier, above Oberwald.
The Rhône flowing through the valleys of the Swiss Alps and arriving into Lake Geneva, in Switzerland.
Mouth of the Rhone
Pont du Mont-Blanc in Geneva, marking the outflow from Lake Geneva (right)
The Rhône in Lyon under the old Boucle's Bridge
The Rhône at Avignon
Almost all tributaries more than 36 km long. The portion of the Rhône above Brig-Glis is labelled by its native Walliser German name, Rotten

The Rhône is, with the Po and Nile, one of the three Mediterranean rivers with the largest water discharge.


City and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, the capital of the eponymous province.

Mosaic of the old city Coat of Arms
Two gold Doppie (1626) depicting Odoardo Farnese (obv) and Placentia floret ("Piacenza flourishes")(rev).
The French Pass the River Po at Piacenza, by Giuseppe Pietro Bagetti, 1803.
Piacenza railway bridge over Po river in a 19th-century image.
Piazza Cavalli and the façade of Palazzo Comunale il Gotico''.
Façade of the Cathedral.
Ranuccio I Farnese monument in Piacenza
Via XX Settembre shopping street.
Basilica of Sant'Antonino, Piacenza, patron of Piacenza.
The Renaissance church of San Sisto.
Teatro Municipale (Piacenza)

Piacenza is also at the confluence of the Trebbia, draining the northern Apennine Mountains, and the Po, draining to the east.

Ticino (river)

Part of the river Ticino, south of Milan-Malpensa Airport in Italy.
The upper Ticino near Airolo

The river Ticino (, ; Tesín; French and Tessin; Ticīnus) is the most important perennial left-bank tributary of the Po.

Cisalpine Gaul

The part of Italy inhabited by Celts (Gauls) during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.

Map of Cisalpine Gaul, extending from Veneto on the Adriatic, to Pisa and Nice on the Mediterranean, to Lake Geneva in the west, and the Alps in the North, from Abraham Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first modern atlas of the world. Antwerp, 1608.
Peoples of Cisalpine Gaul during the 4th to 3rd centuries BC
Detail of the Tabula Peutingeriana showing northern Italy between Augusta Pretoria (Aosta) and Placentia (Piacenza); the Insubres are marked as inhabiting the Po Valley upstream of Ticeno (Pavia) and downstream of the Trumpli and Mesiates which occupy the upper reaches of the Sesia and Agogna rivers.
Gallic Phalerae (a type of military decoration) found in Lombardy; Santa Giulia Museum (Brescia)

Gallia Cisalpina was further subdivided into Gallia Cispadana and Gallia Transpadana, i.e. its portions south and north of the Po River, respectively.

Cottian Alps

The Cottian Alps (Alpes Cottiennes ; Alpi Cozie ) are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps.

Roman aqueduct of Susa
The Northern Cottian Alps from Pointe Clairy
Colle d'Agnello/Col Agnel, 2,744 m

The Dauphins also held, in addition to the southwestern slopes of the range (Briançon and Queyras, now on the French side), the upper part of some of the valleys that were tributaries of the Po River (Valle di Susa, Chisone valley, Varaita Valley).

Po Valley

Major geographical feature of Northern Italy.

The Padan Plain in Northern Italy (green) and the Po river basin in the Plain (red circle)
Map showing the river Po and tributaries in the Padan Plain. Note the numerous Italian Lakes on the margin of the Alps.
The regions of Italy as defined by the government of Italy. According to the Po Basin Water Board, the valley includes: 14) Piedmont, 2) Aosta Valley, 11) Lombardy, 20) Veneto, 10) Liguria, 7) Emilia-Romagna, 17) Trentino-Alto Adige, and 8) Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Po near source in the western Alps
Carmagnola, countryside near the river Po
Rice fields in the province of Vercelli, eastern Piedmont.
Landscape of the Bassa: a farm in the province of Cremona, southern Lombardy.
Natural vegetation (central-European broadleaved trees) of the Padan Plain
The Po Valley as seen by the ESA's Sentinel-2.
1585 map depicting the eastern Po Valley and river delta, Vatican Museums.

It extends approximately 650 km in an east-west direction, with an area of 46000 sqkm including its Venetic extension not actually related to the Po river basin; it runs from the Western Alps to the Adriatic Sea.

Monte Viso

Highest mountain of the Cottian Alps.

Monviso seen from Turin, with the Basilica of Superga in the foreground.
Monte Viso as seen from outside Saluzzo
Panoramic view of Monviso with the main peaks
Sunset view of Monviso from San Giorgio della Lessinia (VR), over 300km away.

It is also a mountain of the birth of the longest river of Italy, River Po.


Major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa.

The Nile's drainage basin
Spring at Lake Victoria
White Nile in Uganda
Nile Delta from space
The Blue Nile Falls fed by Lake Tana near the city of Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Annotated view of the Nile and Red Sea, with a dust storm
Map of Nile tributaries in modern Sudan, showing the Yellow Nile
Reconstruction of the Oikoumene (inhabited world), an ancient map based on Herodotus' description of the world, circa 450 BC
An aerial view of irrigation from the Nile River supporting agriculture in Luxor, Egypt
A felucca traversing the Nile near Aswan
John Hanning Speke c. 1863. Speke was the Victorian explorer who first reached Lake Victoria in 1858, returning to establish it as the source of the Nile by 1862.
A map of the Nile c. 1911, a time when its entire primary course ran through British occupations, condominiums, colonies, and protectorates
The confluence of the Kagera and Ruvubu rivers near Rusumo Falls, part of the Nile's upper reaches
Dhows on the Nile
The Nile passes through Cairo, Egypt's capital city.
Hydropower dams in the Nile (plus huge dam under construction in Ethiopia)
View of the Qasr El Nil Bridge in Cairo, with Gezira Island in the background
El Mek Nimr Bridge in Khartoum
Henry Morton Stanley in 1872. Stanley circumnavigated the lake and confirmed Speke's observations in 1875.
Composite satellite image of the White Nile
Village on the Nile, 1891
Riverboat on the Nile, Egypt 1900
Marsh along the Nile
A river boat crossing the Nile in Uganda
Murchison Falls in Uganda, between Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga
The Nile in Luxor
The Nile at Dendera, as seen from the SPOT satellite
The Nile flows through Cairo, here contrasting ancient customs of daily life with the modern city of today.
Nile in Cairo

The Nile is, with the Rhône and Po, one of the three Mediterranean rivers with the largest water discharge.

Lake Maggiore

Large lake located on the south side of the Alps.

View of Lake Maggiore towards the Alps and Monte Rosa from above Laveno
Upper lake with the Brissago Islands and Maggia delta from above Brissago, Switzerland
Isola Bella
Sacro Monte di Ghiffa
Lake Maggiore in the Evening by Ivan Aivazovsky, 1858

Lake Maggiore is drained by the Ticino, a main tributary of the Po.