Poland

🇵🇱PolishPOLPolesRepublic of PolandPolePLPolish-bornPolskaPolonia
Poland (Polska ), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska ), is a country located in Central Europe.wikipedia
93,411 Related Articles

List of cities and towns in Poland

citytownPolish cities
Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw.
A list of cities in Poland, preceded by a table of major Polish cities.

Warsaw

WarszawaWarsaw, Polandcapital of Poland
Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw.
Warsaw (Warszawa ; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.

Łódź

LodzŁódź, PolandŁodź
Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Łódź (also written in English as Lodz) is the third-largest city in Poland and a former industrial hub.

Kraków

CracowKrakauKrakow
Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.

Wrocław

BreslauBreslau (Wrocław)Wroclaw
Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Wrocław ( (English: ); Breslau ; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is a city in western Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia.

Gdańsk

DanzigDanzig (Gdańsk)Gdansk
Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Gdańsk (, ; German: Danzig ) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.

Poznań

PosenPoznanPosen (Poznań)
Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Poznań (, ; Posen; known also by other historical names) is a city on the Warta River in west-central Poland, in the Greater Poland region and is the fifth-largest city in Poland.

Szczecin

StettinStettin (Szczecin)Szczecin, Poland
Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Szczecin (Stettin, Stettin ; known also by other alternative names) is the capital and largest city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland.

Slovakia

🇸🇰SlovakSVK
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the west, and the Czech Republic to the northwest.

Lithuania

🇱🇹LTULithuanian
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.

Czech Republic

🇨🇿CzechCZE
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Belarus

🇧🇾BLRBelarusian
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
Belarus, officially the Republic of Belarus, formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

Baltic Sea

BalticBaltic coastthe Baltic
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
The Baltic Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, northwest Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

Invasion of Poland

invaded PolandPolish Defensive WarGerman invasion of Poland
In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Germany, followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug), was an invasion of Poland by Germany that marked the beginning of World War II.

Ukraine

🇺🇦UkrainianUKR
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia.

Union of Lublin

had united withUnionunion of Poland and Lithuania
The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin.
The Union of Lublin (unia lubelska; Liublino unija) was signed on 1 July 1569, in Lublin, Poland, and created a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Partitions of Poland

partitionsfirst partition of Polandpartition of Poland
More than a century after the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles.
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.

Solidarity (Polish trade union)

SolidaritySolidarity movementSolidarity trade union
In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989, most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement, the sovereign state of Poland reestablished itself as a presidential democratic republic.
Solidarity (Solidarność, pronounced ; full name: Independent Self-governing Labour Union "Solidarity"—Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy "Solidarność" ) is a Polish labour union that was founded on 17 September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk under the leadership of Lech Wałęsa.

Grand Duchy of Lithuania

LithuaniaLithuanianGrand Duke of Lithuania
The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin.
The Grand Duchy expanded to include large portions of the former Kievan Rus' and other Slavic lands, including what is now Belarus and parts of Ukraine, Poland and Russia.

Warsaw Stock Exchange

WSEStock ExchangeGPW
Additionally, the Polish Stock Exchange in Warsaw is the largest and most important in Central Europe.
The Warsaw Stock Exchange (WSE), Giełda Papierów Wartościowych w Warszawie, is a stock exchange in Warsaw, Poland.

Education in Poland

PolandeducationPolish education
The country provides free university education, state-funded social security, and a universal health care system for all citizens.
Compulsory education in Poland starts at the age of six from the mandatory "0" reception class (Polish zerówka or klasa 0, literally Year 0). At the age of seven kids start the 1st grade of primary school (Polish szkoła podstawowa) lasting for 8 (6 until 2017) years and finished with an exam.

Kaliningrad Oblast

KaliningradKaliningrad regionRussia
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
The territory was formerly the northern part of East Prussia, with the southern part now being Poland's Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.

Warta

Warta RiverRiver WartaWarthe
The origin of the name "Poland" derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans (Polanie) that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century.
The Warta (Polish pronunciation: [ˈvaɾta] Warthe; Varta) is a river in western-central Poland and a tributary of the Oder.

Kuyavia

KujawyDuke of KuyaviaCuyavia
Also, recent archeological findings in the Kujawy region, confirmed the presence of the Roman Legions on the territory of Poland.
Kuyavia (Kujawy; Kujawien; Cuiavia), also referred to as Cuyavia, is a historical region in north-central Poland, situated on the left bank of Vistula, as well as east from Noteć River and Lake Gopło.