Police

policingpolice forcepolice departmentlaw enforcementpolice forcespolice servicepolice departmentspolice protectionpolice officerpolice officers
The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect the lives, liberty and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.wikipedia
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Police brutality

excessive forcepolice violencebrutality
Nevertheless, their role can be controversial, as some are involved to varying degrees in corruption, police brutality and the enforcement of authoritarian rule.
Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct which involves undue violence by police members.

Police state

police statespolice-stateCop state
Nevertheless, their role can be controversial, as some are involved to varying degrees in corruption, police brutality and the enforcement of authoritarian rule.
A police state is a government that exercises power arbitrarily through the power of the police force.

Constable

police constableconstablesDetective Constable
Members may be referred to as police officers, troopers, sheriffs, constables, rangers, peace officers or civic/civil guards.
A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in criminal law enforcement.

Police officer

policemanpolice officersofficer
Members may be referred to as police officers, troopers, sheriffs, constables, rangers, peace officers or civic/civil guards.
A police officer, also known as an officer, policeman, or a policewoman is a warranted law employee of a police force.

Arrest

arrestedcustodypolice custody
Their lawful powers include arrest and the legitimized use of force.
Police and various other officers have powers of arrest.

Law enforcement agency

law enforcementlaw enforcement agenciesFederal Police
A police force may also be referred to as a police department, police service, constabulary, gendarmerie, crime prevention, protective services, law enforcement agency, civil guard or civic guard.
Outside North America, such organizations are usually called police services.

Scythian archers

Scythian archergroup of 300 Scythian slaves
In Athens, a group of 300 Scythian slaves (the ῥαβδοῦχοι, "rod-bearers") was used to guard public meetings to keep order and for crowd control, and also assisted with dealing with criminals, handling prisoners, and making arrests.
The Scythian archers were a hypothesized police force of 5th- and early 4th-century BC Athens that is recorded in some Greek artworks and literature.

Vigiles

Cohortes vigilumVigiles Urbanifire-fighting services
Under the reign of Augustus, when the capital had grown to almost one million inhabitants, 14 wards were created; the wards were protected by seven squads of 1,000 men called "vigiles", who acted as firemen and nightwatchmen.
The Vigiles or more properly the Vigiles Urbani ("watchmen of the City") or Cohortes Vigilum ("cohorts of the watchmen") were the firefighters and police of Ancient Rome.

Thief-taker

thief-takersThief-Taker General
Thief-takers were also rewarded for catching thieves and returning the stolen property.
The widespread establishment of professional police in England did not occur until the 19th century.

Gabriel Nicolas de la Reynie

La ReynieNicolas de la Reynie
This office was first held by Gabriel Nicolas de la Reynie, who had 44 commissaires de police (police commissioners) under his authority.
Gabriel Nicolas de la Reynie (1625 – 14 June 1709) is considered to be the founder of the first modern police force.

Bow Street Runners

Bow Street RunnerBow Street policeBow Street constable
In 1749 Henry Fielding began organizing a force of quasi-professional constables known as the Bow Street Runners.
The Bow Street Runners have been called London's first professional police force.

Private police

privateprivate policingprivate law enforcement organization
Nonetheless, In 1828, there were privately financed police units in no fewer than 45 parishes within a 10-mile radius of London.
These can be firms to which the government contracts out police work (e.g. the 1975–1977 Oro Valley, Arizona-Rural/Metro contract, the 1980 Reminderville, Ohio-Corporate Security contract, the 1976 Indian Springs, Florida-Guardsmark contract, and the 1976 Buffalo Creek, West Virginia-Guardsmark contract), or they can be officers who contract with various firms to patrol the area, as in the case of the San Francisco Patrol Specials.

City of Glasgow Police

Glasgow City PoliceGlasgow PoliceGlasgow City Police Force
Meanwhile, the authorities in Glasgow, Scotland successfully petitioned the government to pass the Glasgow Police Act establishing the City of Glasgow Police in 1800.
The City of Glasgow Police or Glasgow City Police was the police of the City of Glasgow, Scotland.

Crime

criminalcriminalscriminal offence
In Athens, a group of 300 Scythian slaves (the ῥαβδοῦχοι, "rod-bearers") was used to guard public meetings to keep order and for crowd control, and also assisted with dealing with criminals, handling prisoners, and making arrests. The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect the lives, liberty and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
This approach considers the complex realities surrounding the concept of crime and seeks to understand how changing social, political, psychological, and economic conditions may affect changing definitions of crime and the form of the legal, law-enforcement, and penal responses made by society.

Patrick Colquhoun

In 1797, Patrick Colquhoun was able to persuade the West Indies merchants who operated at the Pool of London on the River Thames, to establish a police force at the docks to prevent rampant theft that was causing annual estimated losses of £500,000 worth of cargo.
Patrick Colquhoun (14 March 1745 – 25 April 1820) was a Scottish merchant, statistician, magistrate, and founder of the first regular preventive police force in England, the Thames River Police.

Polis

poleiscity-statescity-state
This is derived from πόλις (polis), "city".
Derivative words in English include policy, polity, police, and politics. In Greek, words deriving from polis include politēs and politismos, whose exact equivalents in Latin, Romance, and other European languages, respectively civis ("citizen"), civilisatio ("civilization"), etc., are similarly derived.

Glasgow

Glasgow, United KingdomGlasgow, ScotlandCity of Glasgow
Meanwhile, the authorities in Glasgow, Scotland successfully petitioned the government to pass the Glasgow Police Act establishing the City of Glasgow Police in 1800.
The development of civic institutions included the City of Glasgow Police in 1800, one of the first municipal police forces in the world.

South Australia Police

South Australian PolicepoliceSA Police
In Australia, the first police force having centralised command as well as jurisdiction over an entire colony was the South Australia Police, formed in 1838 under Henry Inman.
The South Australia Police (SAPOL) is the police force of the Australian state of South Australia.

Procurator fiscal

Procurators FiscalProcurator-Fiscalprocurator
Magistrates such as procurators fiscal and quaestors investigated crimes.
This includes the power to direct the police in their investigation, but except for serious crimes such as murder the police normally complete their enquiries before involving the procurator fiscal.

Law enforcement

law-enforcementenforcementenforce the law
The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect the lives, liberty and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
Although the term encompasses entities such as courts and corrections, it is most frequently applied to those who directly engage in patrols or surveillance to dissuade and discover criminal activity, and those who investigate crimes and apprehend offenders, a task typically carried out by the police, Sheriff or another law enforcement organization.

Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State

PMERJMilitary Police of Rio de JaneiroMilitary Police
He also created a Royal Police Guard for Rio de Janeiro in 1809.
The primary mission of PMERJ is ostensively preventive policing for the maintenance of public order in the State of Rio de Janeiro.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect the lives, liberty and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
Foucault insists that the Nation state was not a historical accident but a deliberate production in which the modern state had to now manage coincidentally with the emerging practice of the Police (Cameral science) 'allowing' the population to now 'come in' into jus gentium and civitas (Civil society) after deliberately being excluded for several millennia.

Cohortes urbanae

urban cohorturban cohortscity garrison
The vigiles were supported by the Urban Cohorts who acted as a heavy-duty anti-riot force and even the Praetorian Guard if necessary.
Their primary role was to police Rome and counteract roaming mobs and gangs that often haunted its streets during the Republic.

Assistant commissioner

ACPAssistant Commissioner of PoliceAC
The candidates selected for the SPS are usually posted as Deputy Superintendent of Police or Assistant Commissioner of Police once their probationary period ends.
Assistant commissioner is a rank used in many police forces around the globe.

John Fielding

Sir John FieldingJohn
Colquhoun's utilitarian approach to the problem – using a cost-benefit argument to obtain support from businesses standing to benefit – allowed him to achieve what Henry and John Fielding failed for their Bow Street detectives.
They formed the first professional police force, the Bow Street Runners.