Emblem worn by LWP soldiers; the "Piast eagle" without the crown
The "Piast eagle" worn by Polish Army Formations in the East, 1943–1945
Polish troops, 1943
Polish volunteers to the army of Władysław Anders, released from a Soviet POW camp
The Polish First Army on their way to Berlin, 1945
Generals Karol Świerczewski (front), Marian Spychalski and Michał Rola-Żymierski
Polish flag raised on the top of Berlin Victory Column on 2 May 1945
Soldiers of the Polish Second Army in the area of the Lusatian Neisse River after fording it in April 1945
T-55A tanks of the Polish People's Army (Martial law in Poland)
Polish Army tanks riding to Berlin in 1945.

The Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie, LWP) constituted the second formation of the Polish Armed Forces in the East in 1943–1945, and in 1945–1989 the armed forces of the Polish communist state (from 1952, the Polish People's Republic), ruled by the Polish Workers' Party and then the Polish United Workers' Party.

- Polish People's Army

Together they constituted the Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie, LWP); it fought on the Eastern Front under Soviet command all the way to the Battle of Berlin.

- Polish Armed Forces in the East
Emblem worn by LWP soldiers; the "Piast eagle" without the crown

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Marking new Polish-German border on Oder River in 1945

First Polish Army (1944–1945)

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Marking new Polish-German border on Oder River in 1945
The Polish First Army on their way to Berlin, 1945

The Polish First Army (Pierwsza Armia Wojska Polskiego, 1 AWP for short, also known as Berling's Army) was an army unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the East.

It was formed in the Soviet Union in 1944, from the previously existing Polish I Corps in the Soviet Union, as part of the People's Army of Poland (LWP).

General Zygmunt Berling (wearing the uniform of a colonel)

Zygmunt Berling

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Polish general and politician.

Polish general and politician.

General Zygmunt Berling (wearing the uniform of a colonel)
1928 army document signed by Berling when he was a major - Krakow.
General Berling in Warsaw, 1947
Berling gravestone at Powązki Military Cemetery

In May 1943, the communist-led Polish People's Army was created in the Soviet Union.

It was a new formation of Polish Armed Forces in the East.

Poland's old and new borders, 1945

History of Poland (1945–1989)

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The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of communist rule imposed over Poland after the end of World War II.

The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of communist rule imposed over Poland after the end of World War II.

Poland's old and new borders, 1945
Map showing the different borders and territories of Poland and Germany during the 20th century, with the current areas of Germany and Poland in dark gray
Destroyed Warsaw, January 1945
The PKWN Manifesto, officially issued on 22 July 1944. In reality it was not finished until mid-August, after the Polish communist Moscow group was joined by the late-arriving Warsaw group, led by Gomułka and Bierut.
Postwar Polish communist propaganda poster depicting "The giant and the putrid reactionary midget", meaning the communist People's Army soldier and the pro-Western Home Army soldier, respectively
ORMO paramilitary police unit during street parade at the Victory Square, 9 June 1946, Warsaw
Logo of the Polish United Workers' Party
The show trial of Captain Witold Pilecki, sentenced to death and executed May 1948
The Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw, initially called the Stalin's Palace, was a controversial gift from Soviet leader Joseph Stalin
Avenue of the Roses, Nowa Huta
1951 East German stamp commemorative of the Treaty of Zgorzelec establishing the Oder–Neisse line as a "border of peace", featuring the presidents Wilhelm Pieck (GDR) and Bolesław Bierut (Poland)
Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński, Primate of Poland
Władysław Gomułka
The Fourth Congress of the Polish United Workers' Party, held in 1963
The Polski Fiat 125p, produced in Poland from the late 1960s, was based on technology purchased from Fiat
Standard-bearers of the 27 Tank Regiment, mid-1960s
Dziady, a theatrical event that spawned nationwide protests
Demonstrators in Gdynia carry the body of Zbigniew Godlewski, who was shot and killed during the protests of 1970
Edward Gierek
Queue line, a frequent scene at times of shortages of consumer goods in the 1970s and 1980s
Millions cheer Pope John Paul II in his first visit to Poland as pontiff in 1979
Lech Wałęsa speaks during the strike at the Gdańsk Shipyard, August 1980
25th anniversary of Solidarity, summer 2005 in Gdańsk
General Wojciech Jaruzelski led the People's Republic during its final decade and became one of the key players in the systemic transition of 1989–90
Apartment block residences built in People's Poland loom over the urban landscape of the entire country. In the past administratively distributed for permanent use, after 1989 most were sold to residents at discounted prices.
Adam Michnik, an influential leader in the transformation of Poland

Near the end of World War II, the advancing Soviet Red Army, along with the Polish Armed Forces in the East, pushed out the Nazi German forces from occupied Poland.

Many Soviet officers serving in the Polish Armed Forces were dismissed, but very few Stalinist officials were put on trial for the repressions of the Bierut period.

Troops of the Polish 1st Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division at the Battle of Lenino.

Battle of Lenino

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Tactical World War II engagement that took place on 12 and 13 October 1943, north of the village of Lenino in the Mogilev region of Byelorussia.

Tactical World War II engagement that took place on 12 and 13 October 1943, north of the village of Lenino in the Mogilev region of Byelorussia.

Troops of the Polish 1st Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division at the Battle of Lenino.
Map of the battle of Lenino
The monument to the 1st Infantry Division in Warsaw
Poland Medallion 1983: Commemoration of the World War II Battle of Lenino 1943
A military decoration for Polish soldiers who fought in the battle of Lenino

The battle is prominent in Polish military history, as it was the first major engagements of Polish Armed Forces in the East.

On 7 October 1950, the anniversary of the battle was declared the official "Day of the Polish Army" by the authorities of the People's Republic of Poland.