A report on Polish People's Army

Emblem worn by LWP soldiers; the "Piast eagle" without the crown
Polish troops, 1943
The Polish First Army on their way to Berlin, 1945
Polish flag raised on the top of Berlin Victory Column on 2 May 1945
T-55A tanks of the Polish People's Army (Martial law in Poland)

The Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie, LWP) constituted the second formation of the Polish Armed Forces in the East in 1943–1945, and in 1945–1989 the armed forces of the Polish communist state (from 1952, the Polish People's Republic), ruled by the Polish Workers' Party and then the Polish United Workers' Party.

- Polish People's Army
Emblem worn by LWP soldiers; the "Piast eagle" without the crown

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The sign reads "We demand bread!"

1956 Poznań protests

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The 1956 Poznań protests, also known as Poznań June (Poznański Czerwiec), were the first of several massive protests against the communist government of the Polish People's Republic.

The 1956 Poznań protests, also known as Poznań June (Poznański Czerwiec), were the first of several massive protests against the communist government of the Polish People's Republic.

The sign reads "We demand bread!"
Poznań 1956, Kochanowskiego Street; transporting one of the victims
Tanks on the empty Joseph Stalin Square in the center of Poznań
Trial of "the Nine" after riots June 1956
Funeral of one of the victims in June 1956

About 400 tanks and 10,000 soldiers of the Polish People's Army and the Internal Security Corps under the command of the Polish-Soviet general Stanislav Poplavsky were ordered to suppress the demonstration and during the pacification fired at the protesting civilians.

Polish T-55 tanks enter the town of Zbąszyń while moving east towards Poznań, 13 December 1981

Martial law in Poland

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Martial law in Poland (Stan wojenny w Polsce) existed between 13 December 1981 and 22 July 1983.

Martial law in Poland (Stan wojenny w Polsce) existed between 13 December 1981 and 22 July 1983.

Polish T-55 tanks enter the town of Zbąszyń while moving east towards Poznań, 13 December 1981
Polish T-55 tanks enter the town of Zbąszyń while moving east towards Poznań, 13 December 1981
Gierek in the White House with President Gerald Ford, 1974
A ration card for sugar, 1976
Edward Gierek (right) with President Jimmy Carter (left) during his state visit to Warsaw, 1977. The loans and Solidarity were among the chief topics discussed
General Jaruzelski was determined to suppress any opposition along with the Solidarity Movement
A censored regional newspaper that reported about the Bydgoszcz events, in which the militia abused Solidarity members. The censorship was to prevent the slander of state services
The Military Council of National Salvation (WRON), which was founded on 13 December and presided over the military junta. Its Polish abbreviation "WRONa" means a crow bird, and members of the council were known to the opposition as evil "Crows"
ZOMO squads with police batons preparing to disperse and beat protesters. The sarcastic caption reads "outstretched hands of understanding" or "outstretched hands for agreement", with batons ironically symbolizing hands
The former PZPR headquarters in Gdańsk (right). ZOMO machine-gunned demonstrators from the rooftop
An intercity travel pass, 1981
A censored telegram, 1982
Food, alcohol, and cigarettes rationing card
Students in Edinburgh, Scotland collecting signatures for a petition in support of Solidarity in 1981
Jaruzelski in a TV studio announcing the introduction of martial law
Units of the Citizens' Militia and ZOMO race to disperse crowds of protesters

The Polish People's Army, Citizens' Militia (MO), ZOMO special paramilitary units, and tanks were deployed on the streets to demoralize demonstrators, begin regular patrols, control strategic enterprises, and maintain curfew.

Polish Workers' Party

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Communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948.

Communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948.

The leftist, Soviet-allied Polish armed forces, placed under the authority of the PKWN and then the Provisional Government, were rapidly expanded, ultimately to about 400,000 people in two armies.

Allies of World War II

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International military coalition formed during the Second World War to oppose the Axis powers, led by Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan, and Fascist Italy.

International military coalition formed during the Second World War to oppose the Axis powers, led by Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan, and Fascist Italy.

The Allied leaders of the European theatre (left to right): Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meeting at the Tehran Conference in 1943
The Allied leaders of the Asian and Pacific Theater: Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill meeting at the Cairo Conference in 1943
Wartime poster for the United Nations, created in 1941 by the U.S. Office of War Information
Wartime poster for the United Nations, created in 1943 by the U.S. Office of War Information
British Supermarine Spitfire fighter aircraft (bottom) flying past a German Heinkel He 111 bomber aircraft (top) during the Battle of Britain in 1940
British Crusader tanks during the North African Campaign
British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal under attack from Italian aircraft during the Battle of Cape Spartivento (27 Nov 1940)
British soldiers of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry in Elst, Netherlands on 2 March 1945
Free French forces at the Battle of Bir Hakeim, 1942
FAFL Free French GC II/5 "LaFayette" receiving ex-USAAF Curtiss P-40 fighters at Casablanca, French Morocco
The French fleet scuttled itself rather than fall into the hands of the Axis after their invasion of Vichy France on 11 November 1942.
The fall of Damascus to the Allies, late June 1941. A car carrying Free French commanders General Georges Catroux and General Paul Louis Le Gentilhomme enters the city, escorted by French Circassian cavalry (Gardes Tcherkess).
Soviet soldiers and T-34 tanks advancing near Bryansk in 1942
Soviet soldiers fighting in the ruins of Stalingrad during the Battle of Stalingrad
Soviet Il-2 ground attack aircraft attacking German ground forces during the Battle of Kursk, 1943
American Douglas SBD Dauntless dive-bomber aircraft attacking the Japanese cruiser Mikuma during the Battle of Midway in June 1942
U.S. Marines during the Guadalcanal Campaign in November 1942
American Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber aircraft during the bombing of oil refineries in Ploiești, Romania on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal Wave
U.S. soldiers departing landing craft during the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 known as D-Day
Philippine Scouts at Fort William McKinley firing a 37 mm anti-tank gun in training
Soldiers of the National Revolutionary Army associated with Nationalist China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War
Soldiers of the First Workers' and Peasants' Army associated with Communist China, during the Sino-Japanese War
Victorious Chinese Communist soldiers holding the flag of the Republic of China during the Hundred Regiments Offensive
Members of the Belgian Resistance with a Canadian soldier in Bruges, September 1944 during the Battle of the Scheldt
Norwegian soldiers on the Narvik front, May 1940
Pilots of the No. 303 "Kościuszko" Polish Fighter Squadron during the Battle of Britain
Polish partisan of the Home Army (AK), "Jędrusie" unit, holding a Browning wz.1928 light machine gun
Partisans and Chetniks escorting captured Germans through Užice, autumn 1941
Partisan leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito with Winston Churchill in 1944
Chetniks leader General Mihailovic with members of the U.S. military mission, Operation Halyard, 1944
Romanian soldiers in Transylvania, September–October 1944
The dead bodies of Benito Mussolini, his mistress Clara Petacci, and several Fascist leaders, hanging for public display after they were executed by Italian partisans in 1945
The first version of the flag of the United Nations, introduced in April 1945
A British poster from 1941, promoting the greater alliance against Germany
U.S. government poster showing a friendly Soviet soldier, 1942

They were as follows: the Albanian National Liberation Front, the Chinese Red Army, the Greek National Liberation Front, the Hukbalahap, the Malayan Communist Party, the People's Republic of Mongolia, the Polish People's Army, the Tuvan People's Republic (annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944), the Viet Minh and the Yugoslav Partisans.

Anti-Zionist purge in the Polish Army

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The anti-Zionist purge in the Polish Army was the removal of soldiers of Jewish origin from the Polish People's Army, carried out in 1968 following Six-Day War between Israel and Arab countries.

UPA members caught by soldiers of the Polish Army

Operation Vistula

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Codename for the 1947 forced resettlement of 150,000 Ukrainians(Boykos and Lemkos) from the south-eastern provinces of post-war Poland, to the Recovered Territories in the west of the country.

Codename for the 1947 forced resettlement of 150,000 Ukrainians(Boykos and Lemkos) from the south-eastern provinces of post-war Poland, to the Recovered Territories in the west of the country.

UPA members caught by soldiers of the Polish Army
The city of Bukowsko burned down by the UPA in 1946
Monument to Polish soldiers killed by UPA in Jasiel, south-eastern Poland, in 1946
Signature page of Polish-Ukrainian repatriation agreement signed by Khrushchev, 1944
Resettlement of Ukrainians in 1947
Lemko house in Nowica
Inscription in Polish and Ukrainian at a church in Beskid Niski, Poland: "In memory of those expelled from Lemkivshchyna, on the 50th anniversary of Operation Vistula, 1947–1997"

The stated goal of the operation was to suppress the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), which had been fighting the communist Polish People's Army in the south-eastern territory of the Polish People's Republic.

Troops of the Polish 1st Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division at the Battle of Lenino.

Battle of Lenino

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Tactical World War II engagement that took place on 12 and 13 October 1943, north of the village of Lenino in the Mogilev region of Byelorussia.

Tactical World War II engagement that took place on 12 and 13 October 1943, north of the village of Lenino in the Mogilev region of Byelorussia.

Troops of the Polish 1st Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division at the Battle of Lenino.
Map of the battle of Lenino
The monument to the 1st Infantry Division in Warsaw
Poland Medallion 1983: Commemoration of the World War II Battle of Lenino 1943
A military decoration for Polish soldiers who fought in the battle of Lenino

On 7 October 1950, the anniversary of the battle was declared the official "Day of the Polish Army" by the authorities of the People's Republic of Poland.

Janek Wiśniewski's body carried by demonstrators in Gdynia

1970 Polish protests

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The 1970 Polish protests (Grudzień 1970) occurred in northern Poland during 14–19 December 1970.

The 1970 Polish protests (Grudzień 1970) occurred in northern Poland during 14–19 December 1970.

Janek Wiśniewski's body carried by demonstrators in Gdynia
Monument to victims of the 1970 protests in Gdynia
Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers of 1970 in Gdańsk
Monument to victims of massacres during the 1970 protests in Elbląg

Strikes were put down by the Polish People's Army and the Citizen's Militia, resulting in at least 44 people killed and more than 1,000 wounded.

Photograph of a Soviet T-54 in Prague during the Warsaw Pact's occupation of Czechoslovakia.

Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia

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Jointly invaded by four Warsaw Pact countries: the Soviet Union, the Polish People's Republic, the People's Republic of Bulgaria and the Hungarian People's Republic.

Jointly invaded by four Warsaw Pact countries: the Soviet Union, the Polish People's Republic, the People's Republic of Bulgaria and the Hungarian People's Republic.

Photograph of a Soviet T-54 in Prague during the Warsaw Pact's occupation of Czechoslovakia.
Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev and Polish leader Władysław Gomułka in East Berlin, 1967
Brezhnev, Nikolai Podgorny, and East German leader Walter Ulbricht in Moscow
Nicolae Ceauşescu (right) visiting Czechoslovakia in 1968; here, with Alexander Dubček and Ludvik Svoboda
Barricades and Soviet tanks on fire
Prague resident attempting conversation with a Soviet soldier.
Soviet soldier with a tank shell – potentially having retrieved it from a burning tank.
Soviet tanks marked with invasion stripes during the invasion
Population securing food supplies
National flag of Czechoslovakia covered in blood
One of the protesters' banners "For your freedom and ours"
Bucharest, August 1968: Ceauşescu criticizing the Soviet invasion
Demonstration in Helsinki against the invasion
Demonstration in Kiel, West Germany against the invasion of Czechoslovakia and Vietnam War, 23 August 1968
Commander-in-chief of the Warsaw Pact Ivan Yakubovsky with Walter Ulbricht in 1970
Erich Honecker, Gustáv Husák, and Walter Ulbricht in Berlin, East Germany, 1971
Memorial plate in Košice, Slovakia

At approximately 11 pm on 20 August 1968, Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries – the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary – invaded Czechoslovakia.

The 1st Guards Battalion, Representative Honor Guard Regiment during the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade on Red Square.

Representative Honor Guard Regiment of the Polish Armed Forces

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Honor Guard unit of the Polish Armed Forces, of regimental size.

Honor Guard unit of the Polish Armed Forces, of regimental size.

The 1st Guards Battalion, Representative Honor Guard Regiment during the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade on Red Square.
The 1st Guards Battalion, Representative Honor Guard Regiment during the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade on Red Square.
An honor guard for Admiral Mike Mullen during a full honors ceremony in June 2009.
The Representative Land Force Company
The Representative Navy Company
The Representative Air Force Company
The regimental military band
An officer of the regiment exercising the command of present arms.
A fanfare trumpeter of the Presidential Mounted Squadron
Members of the battalion representing the three service branches on National Independence Day in 2012.
An honour guard representing the Polish Armed Forces in front of the Ministry of National Defence.
Polish and American Air Force honor guards at Lask Air Base in central Poland.
The regimental headquarters on Franciszka Hynka Street in Warsaw.

In 1969, it was divided into the Representative Honor Guard Company of the Polish People's Army and the newly created State Honors Company.