A newer high-rise tower in downtown New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.
The Polish People's Republic in 1989
The Majakka high-rise building in Kalasatama, Helsinki
Poland's fate was heavily discussed at the Yalta Conference in February 1945. Joseph Stalin, whose Red Army occupied the entire country, presented several alternatives which granted Poland industrialized territories in the west whilst the Red Army simultaneously permanently annexed Polish territories in the east, resulting in Poland losing over 20% of its pre-war borders - areas primarily inhabited by ethnic Belarusians or Ukrainians. Soviet-backed Polish communists came to power and oversaw the country's entry into the Warsaw Pact in 1955.
These tower blocks were built in Shibam, Yemen, in the 16th century, and are the tallest mudbrick buildings in the world, some more than 30 m high.
Border changes of Poland after World War II. The eastern territories (Kresy) were annexed by the Soviets. The western territories, referred to as the "Recovered Territories", were granted as war reparations. Despite the western lands being more industrialized, Poland lost 77,035 km2 (29,743 sq mi) and major cities like Lviv and Vilnius.
Sliding ladder for firefighters in 1904
The 1970 Polish protests were put down by the Communist authorities and Citizens' Militia. The riots resulted in the deaths of 42 people and over 1,000 injured.
A residential block in Steinfurt, Westphalia, Germany, forming a "Y"
Queues waiting to enter grocery stores in Warsaw and other Polish cities and towns were typical in the late 1980s. The availability of food and goods varied at times, and the most sought after basic item was toilet paper.
High-rise buildings, Hong Kong
The new Warszawa Centralna railway station in Warsaw had automatic doors and escalators. It was a flagship project during the 1970s economic boom and was dubbed the most modern station in Europe at the time of its completion in 1975.
Nowa Huta in Kraków, Poland, serves as one of the best examples of socialist realism, with its street hierarchy resembling that of Paris.
Lech Wałęsa co-founded and headed the Solidarity movement which toppled Communism. He later became the President of Poland.
Painted paneláks in Prague, Czech Republic
The 1980 Gdańsk Shipyard Strike and subsequent Summer 1981 Hunger Demonstrations were instrumental in strengthening the Solidarity movement's influence.
Renovated apartment building from 1963 in Bucharest, Romania. With the 2010s, renovation of older apartment buildings in Eastern Europe has become common, especially in countries which get EU funds.
Logo of the Polish United Workers' Party
High-rise office buildings in La Défense, France
Władysław Gomułka and Leonid Brezhnev in East Berlin, 1967
The three tower blocks of the Crossways Estate in Bow, London, United Kingdom, before their refurbishment
An abandoned State Agricultural Farm in south-eastern Poland. State farms were a form of collective farming created in 1949.
Flats in Ballymun, Dublin, Ireland
Łódź was Poland's largest city after the destruction of Warsaw during World War II. It was also a major industrial centre in Europe and served as the temporary capital due to its economic significance in the 1940s.
Central Park Tower in Manhattan, New York City, the tallest residential high-rise tower in the world, December 2020
Female textile workers in a state-run factory, Łódź, 1950s
Housing commission towers in Waterloo, Sydney, Australia
Supersam Warsaw, the first self-serve shopping centre in Poland, 1969
"Street in the sky" at Park Hill
Pewex, a chain of hard currency stores which sold unobtainable Western goods and items
Salford tower blocks in 2001. In the UK, tower blocks were mostly built between the 1950s and 70s.
Ration cards for sugar, 1977
Bar mleczny, a former milk bar in Gdynia. These canteens offered value meals to citizens throughout Communist Poland.
Trybuna Ludu (People's Tribune) was a government-sponsored newspaper and propaganda outlet
Andrzej Wajda was a key figure in Polish cinematography during and after the fall of communism
Allegory of communist censorship, Poland, 1989. Newspapers visible are from all Eastern Bloc countries including East Germany, the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia
The 237-meter Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw, constructed in 1955. At the time of its completion it was one of the tallest buildings in Europe
Smyk Department Store, 1960s
Polish university students during lecture, 1964
One of many schools constructed in central Warsaw in the 1960s
Jerzy Popiełuszko was a Roman Catholic priest who supported the anti-communist opposition. He was murdered by the Security Services "SB" of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
A demographics graph illustrating population growth between 1900 and 2010. The highest birth rate was during the Second Polish Republic and consequently under the Polish People's Republic.
A typical socialist apartment building in Warsaw representing the style of functionalism, built due to the ever-growing population and high birth rate at the time
Konstantin Rokossovsky, pictured in a Polish uniform, was Marshal of the Soviet Union and Marshal of Poland until being deposed during the Polish October in 1956.
Poland's old and new borders, 1945

This took place mostly in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s of the 20th century, though in the People's Republic of Poland this process started even earlier due to the severe damages that Polish cities sustained during World War II.

- Tower block

Prefabrication was seen as a way to construct tower blocks or plattenbau in an efficient and orderly manner.

- Polish People's Republic

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