Polish morphology

personal masculinePronouns
The morphology of the Polish language is characterised by a fairly regular system of inflection (conjugation and declension) as well as word formation.wikipedia
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Polish grammar

PolishPolish declensionPolish-grammar
For information on meanings and usage, see Pronouns in the article on Polish grammar.
For the full declension of these pronouns, see Pronouns in the article on Polish morphology.

Morphology (linguistics)

morphologymorphologicalmorphologically
The morphology of the Polish language is characterised by a fairly regular system of inflection (conjugation and declension) as well as word formation.

Polish language

Polishplpol.
The morphology of the Polish language is characterised by a fairly regular system of inflection (conjugation and declension) as well as word formation.

Inflection

inflectedinflectional morphologyinflect
The morphology of the Polish language is characterised by a fairly regular system of inflection (conjugation and declension) as well as word formation.

Word formation

coinedform new wordsword coinage
The morphology of the Polish language is characterised by a fairly regular system of inflection (conjugation and declension) as well as word formation.

Alternation (linguistics)

alternationalternatealternations
Certain regular or common alternations apply across the Polish morphological system, affecting word formation and inflection of various parts of speech.

Polish orthography

Polishcharacter encodingsHistory of Polish orthography
These are described below, mostly with reference to the orthographic rather than the phonological system, for clarity.

Polish phonology

PolishPolish accentphonological
These are described below, mostly with reference to the orthographic rather than the phonological system, for clarity.

Syllable

codaonsetsyllable coda
Alternations that depend on whether the syllable is closed or open:

Declension

declinedcasecases
Declensions are generally divided into hard and soft declensions.

Voivodeships of Poland

VoivodeshipvoivodeshipsProvince
Certain neuter nouns, mostly place names such as Zakopane and voivodeship names such as Wielkopolskie when used alone as nouns, follow the adjectival declension but take -em rather than -ym in the instrumental and locative.

Greater Poland Voivodeship

Greater PolandwielkopolskieWielkopolska
Certain neuter nouns, mostly place names such as Zakopane and voivodeship names such as Wielkopolskie when used alone as nouns, follow the adjectival declension but take -em rather than -ym in the instrumental and locative.

Tadeusz Kościuszko

KościuszkoKosciuszkoThaddeus Kosciuszko
The same applies to male personal names in -o (as Kościuszko; also tato "dad"), although familiar first name forms like Franio follow the masculine declension throughout.

Suppletion

suppletivesuppletivismtwo distinct stems
Człowiek ("person, human") has a suppletive plural ludzie, inflected according to the first declension (the genitive is ludzi, the instrumental is ''ludźmi).

Kite (bird)

kiteskitebird
The noun deszcz ("rain") has an archaic genitive dżdżu, used in the phrase łaknąć/pragnąć jak kania dżdżu ("to desire dearly", lit. "to desire like a kite" or "to desire like a parasol mushroom" - both names, of the bird and of the mushroom, are homonymous in Polish and there's no consensus to which the proverb refers ).

Macrolepiota procera

parasol mushroomparasols
The noun deszcz ("rain") has an archaic genitive dżdżu, used in the phrase łaknąć/pragnąć jak kania dżdżu ("to desire dearly", lit. "to desire like a kite" or "to desire like a parasol mushroom" - both names, of the bird and of the mushroom, are homonymous in Polish and there's no consensus to which the proverb refers ).

Gmina

communerural gminaCommunes
Names of gminas such as gmina Czersk)

Personal pronoun

personal pronounspersonalpronoun paradigms
Personal pronouns:

Reflexive pronoun

reflexivehimselfherself
Reflexive pronoun: G/A się (this is a clitic, the emphatic form is siebie), D/L sobie, I sobą.

Clitic

encliticprocliticenclitics
Reflexive pronoun: G/A się (this is a clitic, the emphatic form is siebie), D/L sobie, I sobą.

Possessive determiner

possessive adjectivepossessivespossessive adjectives
Possessives: mój, twój, nasz, wasz are declined like adjectives (moja, moje etc.), as are swój and pański.

Demonstrative

demonstrative pronoundemonstrativesdemonstrative pronouns
Demonstrative: ten, declined like an adjective (tego, etc., feminine ta etc.), except that the neuter N/A is to and the feminine accusative is tę (colloquially also tą). The prefixed form tamten is similar, but with feminine accusative tamtą.

Interrogative word

interrogative pronouninterrogativeinterrogative pronouns
Interrogative pronouns: kto, G/A kogo, D komu, I/L kim; and co, G czego, D czemu, A co, I/L czym.

Relative pronoun

relativerelative pronounsrel.
The relative pronoun który (also an interrogative pronoun and adjective) is also declined like an adjective, as are każdy and żaden (każda, żadna, etc.)

Numeral (linguistics)

numeralnumeralsnumber names
The declension of numerals is given below (accusative and vocative are equal to nominative unless stated).