Political party

political partiespartypartiesparty politicspolitical alliancepolitical affiliationpartisanparty-listelectoral allianceelectoral bloc
A political party is an organized group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.wikipedia
8,221 Related Articles

One-party state

one-one-partyone-party system
Many countries, such as Germany and India, have several significant political parties, and some nations have one-party systems, such as China and Cuba.
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.

Two-party system

two party systemmajority partytwo-party
The United States is in practice a two-party system but with many smaller parties also participating and a high degree of autonomy for individual candidates.
A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government.

Partisan (politics)

partisanpartisanshipmulti-partisan
Plato writes in his Republic on the formation of political cliques in Classical Athens, and the tendency of Athenian citizens to vote according to factional loyalty rather than for the public good.
In international politics, a partisan is a committed member of a political party or army.

Political faction

factionfactionsfactionalism
Political factions have existed in democratic societies since ancient times.
A political faction is a group of individuals within a larger entity, such as a political party, a trade union or other group, or simply a political climate, united by a particular common political purpose that differs in some respect to the rest of the entity.

Whigs (British political party)

WhigWhigsWhig Party
The Whigs supported Protestant constitutional monarchy against absolute rule; the Tories, originating in the Royalist (or "Cavalier") faction of the English Civil War, were conservative royalist supporters of a strong monarchy as a counterbalance to the republican tendencies of Whigs, who were the dominant political faction for most of the first half of the 18th century; the Whigs supported the Hanoverian succession of 1715 against the Jacobite supporters of the deposed Roman Catholic Stuart dynasty, and were able to purge Tory politicians from important government positions after the failed Jacobite rising of 1715.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.

Nika riots

Nika RevoltNika rioterscivil war
"Bread and circuses" survived as part of Byzantine political life - for example, the Nika revolt during the reign of Justinian was a riot between the "Blues" and the "Greens"—two chariot racing factions at the Hippodrome, who received patronage from different Senatorial factions and religious sects.
They combined aspects of street gangs and political parties, taking positions on current issues, notably theological problems or claimants to the throne.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The modern Conservative Party was created out of the 'Pittite' Tories of the early 19th century.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

History of the United States Democratic Party

Democratic PartyDemocraticDemocrat
Two major parties would dominate the political landscape for the next quarter-century: the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson, and the Whig Party, established by Henry Clay from the National Republicans and from other Anti-Jackson groups.
The Democratic Party is the oldest voter-based political party in the world and the oldest existing political party in the United States, tracing its heritage back to the anti-Federalists and the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party of the 1790s.

Whig Party (United States)

WhigWhig PartyWhigs
Two major parties would dominate the political landscape for the next quarter-century: the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson, and the Whig Party, established by Henry Clay from the National Republicans and from other Anti-Jackson groups.
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States.

History of the United States Republican Party

Republican PartyRepublicanRepublicans
When the Whig Party fell apart in the mid-1850s, its position as a major U.S. political party was filled by the Republican Party.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the world's oldest extant political parties.

Home Rule League

Home RuleIrish Home RuleHome Rule Party
The Home Rule League Party, campaigning for Home Rule for Ireland in the British Parliament was fundamentally changed by the great Irish political leader Charles Stewart Parnell in the 1880s.
The Home Rule League (1873–1882), sometimes called the Home Rule Party or the Home Rule Confederation, was a political party which campaigned for home rule for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, until it was replaced by the Irish Parliamentary Party.

Whip (politics)

whipmajority whipwhips
At the same time, the political party reached its modern form, with a membership disciplined through the use of a party whip and the implementation of efficient structures of control.
A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature.

Party leader

Leaderparty bossLeaders
A political party is typically led by a party leader (the most powerful member and spokesperson representing the party), a party secretary (who maintains the daily work and records of party meetings), party treasurer (who is responsible for membership dues) and party chair (who forms strategies for recruiting and retaining party members, and also chairs party meetings).
In a governmental system, a party leader acts as the official representative of their political party.

Parliamentary group

parliamentary partyfractionparliamentary parties
When the party is represented by members in the lower house of parliament, the party leader simultaneously serves as the leader of the parliamentary group of that full party representation; depending on a minimum number of seats held, Westminster-based parties typically allow for leaders to form frontbench teams of senior fellow members of the parliamentary group to serve as critics of aspects of government policy.
A parliamentary group, parliamentary party, or parliamentary caucus is a group consisting of members of the same political party or electoral fusion of parties in a legislative assembly such as a parliament or a city council.

Party chair

Chairmanparty chairmanchair
A political party is typically led by a party leader (the most powerful member and spokesperson representing the party), a party secretary (who maintains the daily work and records of party meetings), party treasurer (who is responsible for membership dues) and party chair (who forms strategies for recruiting and retaining party members, and also chairs party meetings).
In politics, a party chair (often party chairman/-woman/-person or party president) is the presiding officer of a political party.

Frontbencher

frontbenchfront benchfront-bench
When the party is represented by members in the lower house of parliament, the party leader simultaneously serves as the leader of the parliamentary group of that full party representation; depending on a minimum number of seats held, Westminster-based parties typically allow for leaders to form frontbench teams of senior fellow members of the parliamentary group to serve as critics of aspects of government policy.
In many parliaments and other similar assemblies, seating is typically arranged in banks or rows, with each political party or caucus grouped together.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
The end of the century saw the formation of large socialist parties in Europe, some conforming to the teaching of Karl Marx, others adapting social democracy through the use of reformist and gradualist methods.
In Argentina the Socialist Party of Argentina was established in the 1890s led by, among others, Juan B. Justo and Nicolás Repetto, thus becoming the first mass party in the country and in Latin America.

People's Action Party

PAPPeople's Action Party (PAP)PAP government
Examples of dominant party systems include the People's Action Party in Singapore, the African National Congress in South Africa, the Cambodian People's Party in Cambodia, the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan, and the National Liberation Front in Algeria.
The People's Action Party (Malay: Parti Tindakan Rakyat, abbreviation: PAP/PETIR) is a major centre-right political party in Singapore.

Cambodian People's Party

CPPSecretary-General of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary PartyKampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
Examples of dominant party systems include the People's Action Party in Singapore, the African National Congress in South Africa, the Cambodian People's Party in Cambodia, the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan, and the National Liberation Front in Algeria.
The Cambodian People's Party (គណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា, Kanakpak Pracheachon Kâmpuchéa; CPP; Parti du peuple cambodgien), founded as the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (គណបក្សប្រជាជនបដិវត្តន៍កម្ពុជា, KPRP), is the current ruling political party of Cambodia.

National Liberation Front (Algeria)

National Liberation FrontFLNFront de Libération Nationale
Examples of dominant party systems include the People's Action Party in Singapore, the African National Congress in South Africa, the Cambodian People's Party in Cambodia, the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan, and the National Liberation Front in Algeria.
The National Liberation Front (جبهة التحرير الوطني Jabhatu l-Taḥrīru l-Waṭanī; Front de libération nationale, FLN) is a socialist political party in Algeria.

Golkar

Golkar PartyParty of the Functional Groups Golkar Party
One-party dominant system also existed in Mexico with the Institutional Revolutionary Party until the 1990s, in the southern United States with the Democratic Party from the late 19th century until the 1970s, in Indonesia with the Golkar from the early 1970s until 1998.
The Golkar Party or Party of Functional Groups (Partai Golongan Karya) is a political party in Indonesia.

Youth wing

political youth organizationpolitical youth organisationyouth
identity-based: including youth wings and armed wings
The term "youth wing" is most often used to refer to the youth wings of political parties; in such youth wings, ranking or leading members are often seen, upon attainance of the minimum age requirement, as potential leaders or bureaucrats of the main political party.

Political finance

influence of money in politicsplutocratic finance
Starting in the second half of the 20th century, modern democracies have introduced rules for the flow of funds through party coffers, e.g. the Canada Election Act 1976, the PPRA in the U.K. or the FECA in the U.S. Such political finance regimes stipulate a variety of regulations for the transparency of fundraising and expenditure, limit or ban specific kinds of activity and provide public subsidies for party activity, including campaigning.
election campaigns run by candidates, candidate committees, interest groups or political parties,

Coalition government

coalitioncoalition cabinetMajority (coalition)
Though coalition and minority governments have been an occasional feature of parliamentary politics, the first-past-the-post electoral system used for general elections tends to maintain the dominance of these two parties, though each has in the past century relied upon a third party to deliver a working majority in Parliament.
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition".

Party secretary

secretarySecretariesgeneral secretary
A political party is typically led by a party leader (the most powerful member and spokesperson representing the party), a party secretary (who maintains the daily work and records of party meetings), party treasurer (who is responsible for membership dues) and party chair (who forms strategies for recruiting and retaining party members, and also chairs party meetings).
In politics, a party secretary is a senior official within a political party with responsibility for the organizational and daily political work.