Political party

political partiespartypartiesparty politicspolitical affiliationpolitical alliancepartisanparty-listelectoral alliancemass party
A political party is an organized group of people who have the same ideology, or who otherwise have the same political positions, and who field candidates for elections, in an attempt to get them elected and thereby implement the party's agenda.wikipedia
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One-party state

one-partyone-one-party system
Many countries, such as Germany and India, have several significant political parties, and some nations have one-party systems, such as China and Cuba.
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.

Two-party system

two party systemmajority partytwo major parties
The United States is in practice a two-party system but with many smaller parties also participating and a high degree of autonomy for individual candidates.
A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the political landscape.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The transformation from loose factions into organised modern political parties is considered to have first occurred in either the United Kingdom or the United States, with the United Kingdom's Conservative Party and the Democratic Party of the United States both frequently called the world's first modern political party.
Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

History of the United States Democratic Party

Democratic PartyDemocraticDemocrat
The transformation from loose factions into organised modern political parties is considered to have first occurred in either the United Kingdom or the United States, with the United Kingdom's Conservative Party and the Democratic Party of the United States both frequently called the world's first modern political party.
The Democratic Party is the oldest voter-based political party in the world and the oldest existing political party in the United States, tracing its heritage back to the anti-Federalists and the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party of the 1790s.

Whigs (British political party)

WhigWhigsWhig Party
The Whig faction originally organised itself around support for protestant constitutional monarchy as opposed to absolute rule, whereas the conservative Tory faction (originally the Royalist or Cavalier faction of the English Civil War) supported a strong monarchy.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.

Nika riots

Nika revoltNika riotNika rioters
Certain ancient disputes were also factional, like the Nika riots between two chariot racing factions at the Hippodrome of Constantinople.
They combined aspects of street gangs and political parties, taking positions on current issues, notably theological problems or claimants to the throne.

Tories (British political party)

ToryToriesTory Party
The Whig faction originally organised itself around support for protestant constitutional monarchy as opposed to absolute rule, whereas the conservative Tory faction (originally the Royalist or Cavalier faction of the English Civil War) supported a strong monarchy.
The Tories were members of two political parties which existed sequentially in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain and later the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from the 17th to the early 19th centuries.

Whig Party (United States)

WhigWhig PartyWhigs
Two major parties would dominate the political landscape for the next quarter-century: the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson, and the Whig Party, established by Henry Clay from the National Republicans and from other Anti-Jackson groups.
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States.

History of the United States Republican Party

Republican PartyRepublicanRepublicans
When the Whig Party fell apart in the mid-1850s, its position as a major U.S. political party was filled by the Republican Party.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (‘Grand old party’), is one of the world's oldest extant political parties.

Home Rule League

Home RuleIrish Home RuleHome Rule Party
At the same time, the Home Rule League Party, campaigning for Home Rule for Ireland in the British Parliament, was fundamentally changed by the Irish political leader Charles Stewart Parnell in the 1880s.
The Home Rule League (1873–1882), sometimes called the Home Rule Party, was an Irish political party which campaigned for home rule for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, until it was replaced by the Irish Parliamentary Party.

Whip (politics)

whipMajority WhipGovernment Whip
The creation of a strict party whip and a formal party structure was unique at the time.
A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature.

Era of Good Feelings

Era of Good Feelingreestablishment of normal diplomatic relationsThe Era of Good Feelings
However, a consensus reached on these issues ended party politics in 1816 for nearly a decade, a period commonly known as the Era of Good Feelings.
President James Monroe strove to downplay partisan affiliation in making his nominations, with the ultimate goal of national unity and eliminating political parties altogether from national politics.

Party leader

Leaderparty bossLeaders
A political party is typically led by a party leader (the most powerful member and spokesperson representing the party), a party secretary (who maintains the daily work and records of party meetings), party treasurer (who is responsible for membership dues) and party chair (who forms strategies for recruiting and retaining party members, and also chairs party meetings).
In a governmental system, a party leader acts as the official representative of their political party.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
The end of the century saw the formation of large socialist parties in Europe, some conforming to the philosophy of Karl Marx, others adapting social democracy through the use of reformist and gradualist methods.
In Argentina the Socialist Party of Argentina was established in the 1890s led by, among others, Juan B. Justo and Nicolás Repetto, thus becoming the first mass party in the country and in Latin America.

Parliamentary group

parliamentary partyfractionparliamentary caucus
When the party is represented by members in the lower house of parliament, the party leader simultaneously serves as the leader of the parliamentary group of that full party representation; depending on a minimum number of seats held, Westminster-based parties typically allow for leaders to form frontbench teams of senior fellow members of the parliamentary group to serve as critics of aspects of government policy.
A parliamentary group, parliamentary party, or parliamentary caucus is a group consisting of members of the same political party or electoral fusion of parties in a legislative assembly such as a parliament or a city council.

Party chair

Chairmanparty chairmanchair
A political party is typically led by a party leader (the most powerful member and spokesperson representing the party), a party secretary (who maintains the daily work and records of party meetings), party treasurer (who is responsible for membership dues) and party chair (who forms strategies for recruiting and retaining party members, and also chairs party meetings).
In politics, a party chair (often party chairman/-woman/-person or party president) is the presiding officer of a political party.

Frontbencher

front benchfrontbenchfront-bench
When the party is represented by members in the lower house of parliament, the party leader simultaneously serves as the leader of the parliamentary group of that full party representation; depending on a minimum number of seats held, Westminster-based parties typically allow for leaders to form frontbench teams of senior fellow members of the parliamentary group to serve as critics of aspects of government policy.
In many parliaments and other similar assemblies, seating is typically arranged in banks or rows, with each political party or caucus grouped together.

Anthony Downs

Downs, AnthonyDownsian
Building on Harold Hotelling's work on the aggregation of preferences and Duncan Black's development of social choice theory, Anthony Downs showed how an underlying distribution of preferences in an electorate can produce regular results in the aggregate, such as the median voter theorem.
Downs showed that in democracies the aggregate distribution of political opinion forms a bell-shaped curve, with most voters possessing moderate opinions; he argued that this fact forces political parties in democracies to adopt centrist positions.

People's Action Party

PAPPeople’s Action PartyPeople's Action Party (PAP)
Examples of dominant party systems include the People's Action Party in Singapore, the African National Congress in South Africa, the Cambodian People's Party in Cambodia, the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan, and the National Liberation Front in Algeria.
The People's Action Party (Malay: Parti Tindakan Rakyat, abbreviation: PAP/PETIR) is a major centre-right political party in Singapore.

National Liberation Front (Algeria)

National Liberation FrontFLNFront de Libération Nationale
Examples of dominant party systems include the People's Action Party in Singapore, the African National Congress in South Africa, the Cambodian People's Party in Cambodia, the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan, and the National Liberation Front in Algeria.
The National Liberation Front (جبهة التحرير الوطني Jabhatu l-Taḥrīri l-Waṭanī; Front de libération nationale, FLN) is a nationalist political party in Algeria.

Advocacy group

interest grouppressure grouplobby group
What distinguishes political parties from factions and interest groups is that political parties use an explicit label to identify their members as having shared electoral and legislative goals.

Golkar

Golkar PartyGolongan KaryaParty of the Functional Groups
One-party dominant system also existed in Mexico with the Institutional Revolutionary Party until the 1990s, in the southern United States with the Democratic Party from the late 19th century until the 1970s, in Indonesia with the Golkar from the early 1970s until 1998.
The Golkar Party or Party of Functional Groups (Partai Golongan Karya) is a political party in Indonesia.

Youth wing

political youth organizationpolitical youth organisationyouth
The term "youth wing" is most often used to refer to the youth wings of political parties; in such youth wings, ranking or leading members are often seen, upon attainance of the minimum age requirement, as potential leaders or bureaucrats of the main political party.

Party system

party systemsGovernment by Partypartisan
The United States has gone through several party systems, each of which has been essentially two-party in nature.
A party system is a concept in comparative political science concerning the system of government by political parties in a democratic country.

Nebraska Legislature

Nebraska State Legislaturestate SenatorNebraska State Senate
In the United States, the unicameral legislature of Nebraska is nonpartisan but is elected and often votes on informal party lines.
Rather than separate primaries held to choose Republican, Democratic, and other partisan contenders for a seat, Nebraska uses a single nonpartisan primary election, in which the top two vote-getters are entitled to run in the general election.