Polyvinyl chloride

PVCvinylpolyvinylchlorideuPVCPVC pipingpolyvinyl chloride (PVC)P.V.C.plasticpoly(vinyl chloride)polyvinyl
Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl ; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.wikipedia
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Plasticizer

plasticizersplasticiserplasticisers
It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates.
The dominant applications are for plastics, especially polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Canvas

canvasescanvas paintingCanvas stretching
With cotton or linen, it is used to make canvas.
Modern canvas is usually made of cotton or linen, along with polyvinyl chloride (PVC), although historically it was made from hemp.

Eugen Baumann

Baumann, Eugen
PVC was accidentally synthesized in 1872 by German chemist Eugen Baumann.
He was one of the first people to create polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and, together with Carl Schotten, he discovered the Schotten-Baumann reaction.

Vinyl chloride

vinyl chloride monomerchloroetheneVCM
The polymer appeared as a white solid inside a flask of vinyl chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight. Polyvinyl chloride is produced by polymerization of the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), as shown.
This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Polymer

polymershomopolymerpolymeric
Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl ; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
The list of synthetic polymers, roughly in order of worldwide demand, includes polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, synthetic rubber, phenol formaldehyde resin (or Bakelite), neoprene, nylon, polyacrylonitrile, PVB, silicone, and many more.

Plastic

plasticsadditivesadditive
Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl ; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
Examples include: polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Vinyl polymer

polyvinylvinylpoly-vinyls
Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl ; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
In popular usage, "vinyl" refers only to polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Waldo Semon

Waldo L. Semon
Waldo Semon and the B.F. Goodrich Company developed a method in 1926 to plasticize PVC by blending it with various additives.
He is credited with inventing methods for making polyvinyl chloride useful.

Polymerization

polymerisationpolymerizepolymerized
Polyvinyl chloride is produced by polymerization of the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), as shown.
As alkenes can polymerize in somewhat straightforward radical reactions, they form useful compounds such as polyethylene and polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which are produced in high tonnages each year due to their usefulness in manufacturing processes of commercial products, such as piping, insulation and packaging.

Chlorine

Clchlorine gaschlorinated
About 57% of the mass of PVC is chlorine.
Chlorine is used in the manufacture of a wide range of consumer products, about two-thirds of them organic chemicals such as polyvinyl chloride, and many intermediates for the production of plastics and other end products which do not contain the element.

Glass transition

glass transition temperaturevitrifiedvitrification

Tetrahydrofuran

THFOxolane1,4-Epoxybutane
It is insoluble in alcohol but slightly soluble in tetrahydrofuran.
The other main application of THF is as an industrial solvent for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and in varnishes.

Shin-Etsu Chemical

Shin-EtsuShin-Etsu HandotaiShin-Etsu Chemical Company
The largest single producer of PVC as of 2018 is Shin-Etsu Chemical of Japan, with a global share of around 30%.
Shin-Etsu has the largest global market share for polyvinyl chloride, semiconductor silicon, and photomask substrates.

Suspension polymerization

suspension
About 80% of production involves suspension polymerization.
This process is used in the production of many commercial resins, including polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a widely used plastic, styrene resins including polystyrene, expanded polystyrene, and high-impact polystyrene, as well as poly(styrene-acrylonitrile) and poly(methyl methacrylate).

Ethylene

etheneC 2 H 4 ethylene gas
PVC may be manufactured from either naphtha or ethylene feedstock.
Some products derived from this group are polyvinyl chloride, trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene, methyl chloroform, polyvinylidene chloride and copolymers, and ethyl bromide.

Monomer

monomersmonomeric-mer
Polyvinyl chloride is produced by polymerization of the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), as shown.

Polypropylene

PPbiaxially-oriented polypropylenebiaxially oriented polypropylene
Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl ; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
Polypropylene is also used as an alternative to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) as insulation for electrical cables for LSZH cable in low-ventilation environments, primarily tunnels.

Fritz Klatte

In the early 20th century the Russian chemist Ivan Ostromislensky and Fritz Klatte of the German chemical company Griesheim-Elektron both attempted to use PVC in commercial products, but difficulties in processing the rigid, sometimes brittle polymer thwarted their efforts.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was discovered by French physicist Henri Victor Regnault, and German physicist Eugen Baumann.

Calcium carbide

CaC 2 calcium-carbidecarbide
However in China, where there are substantial stocks, coal is the main starting material for the Calcium carbide process.
In China, acetylene derived from calcium carbide remains a raw material for the chemical industry, in particular for the production of polyvinyl chloride.

Vinyl siding

vinyl
In the U.S. and Canada it is known as vinyl or vinyl siding.
It is an engineered product, manufactured primarily from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin.

Rain gutter

gutterguttersguttering
This material has almost entirely replaced the use of cast iron for plumbing and drainage, being used for waste pipes, drainpipes, gutters and downspouts.
Many materials have been used to make guttering: cast iron, asbestos cement, UPVC (PVCu), cast and extruded aluminium, galvanized steel, wood, copper, zinc, and bamboo.

Sticker

stickersbody stripesSticker factory
These sheets and films are used to produce a wide variety of commercial signage products, including car body stripes and stickers.
A sticker is a type of label: a piece of printed paper, plastic, vinyl, or other material with pressure sensitive adhesive on one side.

Fascia (architecture)

fasciafasciasfasciae
Other uses include fascia, and siding or weatherboarding.
Typically consisting of a wooden board, uPVC or non-corrosive sheet metal, many of the non-domestic fascias made of stone form an ornately carved or pieced together cornice in which case the term fascia is rarely used.

Drainage

draineddraindrainage channel
This material has almost entirely replaced the use of cast iron for plumbing and drainage, being used for waste pipes, drainpipes, gutters and downspouts.
In high groundwater conditions a perforated plastic (PVC or PE) pipe is laid along the base of the drain to increase the volume of water transported in the drain.

Closed-cell PVC foamboard

Sintrasintra board (PVC foam board)
As flat sheets, PVC is often expanded to create voids in the interior of the material, providing additional thickness without additional weight and minimal extra cost (see Closed-cell PVC foamboard).
In 1912, the first patents for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) were founded in Britain and Germany.