Porgy and Bess

Porgy & BessThe Gershwins' Porgy and BessI Got Plenty o' Nuttin1935 opera of the same nameclassic Gershwin operaGershwin's operaHouston Grand OperaI Got Plenty of NothinMy Man's Gone Nowof that name
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.wikipedia
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George Gershwin

GershwinGeorgeG. Gershwin
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.
Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) which spawned the hit Summertime.

Porgy and Bess (film)

Porgy and Bessfilm version1959 film version
It was adapted as a film in 1959.
It is based on the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess by George Gershwin, DuBose Heyward, and Ira Gershwin, which is in turn based on Heyward's 1925 novel Porgy, as well as Heyward's subsequent 1927 non-musical stage adaptation, co-written with his wife Dorothy.

DuBose Heyward

HeywardDuBoseDu Bose Heyward
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.
The couple worked with composer George Gershwin to adapt the work as the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess.

Ira Gershwin

GershwinIraI. Gershwin
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.
He was also responsible, along with DuBose Heyward, for the libretto to George's opera Porgy and Bess.

Anne Brown

Anne Wiggins BrownBrown, Anne
The leading roles were played by Todd Duncan and Anne Brown.
Anne Brown (August 9, 1912 – March 13, 2009) was an American soprano who created the role of "Bess" in the original production of George Gershwin's opera Porgy and Bess in 1935.

Summertime (George Gershwin song)

SummertimeSummer TimeNearly Summertime
Some of the songs in the opera, such as "Summertime", became popular and frequently recorded songs.
"Summertime" is an aria composed in 1934 by George Gershwin for the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess.

Todd Duncan

The leading roles were played by Todd Duncan and Anne Brown.
One of the first African-Americans to sing with a major opera company, Duncan is also noted for appearing as Porgy in the premier production of Porgy and Bess (1935).

Maya Angelou

Dr. Maya AngelouAngelouAngelou, Maya
The role of Clara was played by a young Maya Angelou.
She became a poet and writer after a series of occupations as a young adult, including fry cook, sex worker, nightclub dancer and performer, cast member of the opera Porgy and Bess, coordinator for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and journalist in Egypt and Ghana during the decolonization of Africa.

National Theatre (Washington, D.C.)

National TheatreNational TheaterGrover's Theatre
During the Washington run, the cast—as led by Todd Duncan—protested segregation at the National Theatre.
During the Washington run of Porgy and Bess in 1936, the cast, led by Todd Duncan, protested the audience's segregation.

Dorothy Heyward

Dorothy
It was adapted from Dorothy Heyward and DuBose Heyward's play Porgy, itself an adaptation of DuBose Heyward's 1925 novel of the same name.
Their work is now known best in its adaptation as the opera Porgy and Bess (1935), with music by George Gershwin.

Eva Jessye

He chose as his choral director Eva Jessye, who also directed her own renowned choir.
She collaborated in productions of groundbreaking works, directing her choir and working with Virgil Thomson and Gertrude Stein on Four Saints in Three Acts (1933), and serving as musical director with George Gershwin on his innovative opera Porgy and Bess (1935).

Rouben Mamoulian

Mamoulian´sRouben Mamulian
The production and direction were entrusted to Rouben Mamoulian, who had previously directed the Broadway productions of Heyward's play Porgy.
He directed the revival of Porgy in 1929 along with George Gershwin's operatic treatment, Porgy and Bess, which opened on October 10, 1935.

William Warfield

This production's original cast featured Americans Leontyne Price as Bess, William Warfield as Porgy, and Cab Calloway as Sportin' Life, a role that Gershwin had composed with him in mind.
He went on to produce a highly acclaimed album of selections from Porgy and Bess with Leontyne Price in 1963.

Neil Simon Theatre

Alvin TheatreAlvin TheaterNeil Simon Theater
The world premiere performance took place at the Colonial Theatre in Boston on September 30, 1935—the try-out for a work intended initially for Broadway where the opening took place at the Alvin Theatre in New York City on October 10, 1935.
In 1935, the Gershwins' American folk opera Porgy and Bess had its world premiere at the venue.

Gloria Davy

After completing its North American run in Montreal, the company embarked on an international tour, with LeVern Hutcherson as Porgy and Gloria Davy as Bess.
She first drew notice in 1952 when she won the Marian Anderson Award, and then as Bess on an international tour of Gershwin's Porgy and Bess from 1954–1956.

Robert Mosley

Donnie Ray Albert and Robert Mosley alternated performances in the role of Porgy.
He drew particular acclaim for his portrayal of Porgy in George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess, a role which he portrayed in the landmark 1976 Houston Grand Opera production, on Broadway, and at the Metropolitan Opera among other opera companies both in the United States and in Europe.

Clamma Dale

Clamma Dale and Larry Marshall starred, respectively, as Bess and Sportin' Life.
She is best known for portraying "Bess" in the highly successful 1976 Houston Grand Opera production of Porgy and Bess.

Maplewood, New Jersey

MaplewoodMaplewood, NJMaplewood Township
The noted director and producer Cheryl Crawford produced professional stock theater in Maplewood, New Jersey, for three very successful seasons.
The Maplewood Theater, designed by William E. Lehman, was where Cheryl Crawford first revived Porgy and Bess.

Avon Long

Avon Long took on the role of Sportin' Life for the first time, a role he would continue to play in many productions over a long career.
He performed in a number of Broadway shows, including Porgy and Bess (as Sportin' Life in the 1942 revival), and Beggar's Holiday (1946).

Florence Quivar

It opened February 6, 1985 with a cast including Simon Estes, Grace Bumbry, Bruce Hubbard, Gregg Baker and Florence Quivar.
In 1976, Quivar portrayed Serena in the Cleveland Orchestra's production of Gershwin's Porgy and Bess.

John W. Bubbles

Buck and BubblesJohn BubblesJohn "Bubbles" Sublett
The influential vaudeville artist John W. Bubbles created the role of Sportin' Life; the role of Serena was created by Ruby Elzy.
Though unable to read music, Bubbles was chosen by George Gershwin to create the role of Sportin' Life in his opera Porgy and Bess in 1935.

Bruce Hubbard

It opened February 6, 1985 with a cast including Simon Estes, Grace Bumbry, Bruce Hubbard, Gregg Baker and Florence Quivar.
He is most famous for appearing as Joe in Show Boat, and as Jake, as well as Porgy, in Porgy and Bess on Broadway, the West End, and in several major opera houses and regional theatres.

Leontyne Price

Leontine PricePrice
This production's original cast featured Americans Leontyne Price as Bess, William Warfield as Porgy, and Cab Calloway as Sportin' Life, a role that Gershwin had composed with him in mind.
Meanwhile, she had auditioned and been cast as Bess in the third major production of George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess, directed by Robert Breen, who had also hear her in Falstaff. Bereft returned from France, she sang the opening night of Porgy at the State Fair of Texas on June 9, 1952 to rave reviews.

The Muses Are Heard

Author Truman Capote traveled with the cast and crew, and wrote an account included in his book The Muses Are Heard.
Capote was sent to accompany the Opera as it staged a production of Porgy and Bess.

Libretto

librettistlibrettibook
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.
Much of the recitatives of George Gershwin's opera Porgy and Bess, for instance, are merely DuBose and Dorothy Heyward's play Porgy set to music as written – in prose – with the lyrics of the arias, duets, trios and choruses written in verse.