Port-Royal National Historic Site

Port RoyalHabitation at Port-RoyalPort-RoyalPort Royal, Nova ScotiaBattle of Port RoyalFirst French Settlement in North AmericaHabitationPort Royal, AcadiaHabitation de Port-RoyalPort Royal Habitation
Port-Royal National Historic Site is a National Historic Site located on the north bank of the Annapolis Basin in the community of Port Royal, Nova Scotia.wikipedia
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Nova Scotia

NSNova Scotia, CanadaNova Scotian
Port-Royal National Historic Site is a National Historic Site located on the north bank of the Annapolis Basin in the community of Port Royal, Nova Scotia.
In 1605, French colonists established the first permanent European settlement in the future Canada (and the first north of Florida) at Port Royal, founding what would become known as Acadia.

Port-Royal (Acadia)

Port RoyalPort-RoyalBattle of Port Royal
France relocated the settlement and capital 8 km upstream and to the south bank of the Annapolis River (see Port-Royal (Acadia)); the site of the present-day town of Annapolis Royal.
The original French settlement of Port Royal (Habitation de Port-Royal), located approximately 7 kilometres down the Annapolis Basin, had earlier established farms in the area.

Annapolis River

AnnapolisCanadian river
France relocated the settlement and capital 8 km upstream and to the south bank of the Annapolis River (see Port-Royal (Acadia)); the site of the present-day town of Annapolis Royal.
The Annapolis River's importance in history is evident through its use as a transportation corridor in early Acadia after Samuel de Champlain and Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Monts established the Habitation at Port-Royal on the north bank of the river's mouth in 1605.

Samuel de Champlain

ChamplainSamuel ChamplainChamplain Monument
He was accompanied by Samuel de Champlain, Louis Hébert and Jean de Biencourt de Poutrincourt et de Saint-Just.
From 1604 to 1607, he participated in the exploration and settlement of the first permanent European settlement north of Florida, Port Royal, Acadia (1605), as well as the first European settlement that would become Saint John, New Brunswick (1604).

Fort Anne

Fort Anne National Historic SiteAnnapolis RoyalFort Anne National Park
Today, this replica serves as the cornerstone of Port-Royal National Historic Site, and, coupled with nearby Fort Anne National Historic Site in Annapolis Royal, continues to commemorate this important historic region for visitors.
The region was reverted to French control in the 1630s and Charles de Menou d'Aulnay began work on the first of four forts on the same site, then known as Port Royal.

Port Royal, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia

Port RoyalPort Royal, Nova ScotiaPort-Royal
Port-Royal National Historic Site is a National Historic Site located on the north bank of the Annapolis Basin in the community of Port Royal, Nova Scotia.
Predominantly a farming community, Port Royal is also a significant tourist destination in Nova Scotia due to being the location of a historic French colonial settlement, commemorated by Port-Royal National Historic Site, which was established in 1925.

Henry IV of France

Henry IVHenri IVHenry of Navarre
Poutrincourt asked King Henri IV to become the owner of the Seigneurie which encompassed the settlement.
During his reign, the French colonization of the Americas truly began with the foundation of the colony of Acadia and its capital Port-Royal.

Marc Lescarbot

Lescarbot
Marc Lescarbot's "The Theatre of Neptune in New France", the first work of theater written and performed in North America, was performed on November 14, 1606.
His dramatic poem Théâtre de Neptune was performed at Port Royal as what the French claim was the first European theatrical production in North America outside of New Spain.

Louis Hébert

Louis Hebert
He was accompanied by Samuel de Champlain, Louis Hébert and Jean de Biencourt de Poutrincourt et de Saint-Just.
He lived at Port-Royal (now Annapolis, in southern Nova Scotia) from 1606 to 1607 and from 1611 to 1613 when Port-Royal was destroyed by the English deputy governor of Virginia Samuel Argall.

Henri Membertou

MembertouChief Membertou
With assistance from members of the Mi'kmaq Nation and a local chief named Membertou, coupled with the more temperate climate of the fertile Annapolis Valley, the settlement prospered.
Henri Membertou (died 18 September 1611) was the sakmow (Grand Chief) of the Mi'kmaq First Nations tribe situated near Port Royal, site of the first French settlement in Acadia, present-day Nova Scotia, Canada.

Jean de Biencourt de Poutrincourt et de Saint-Just

Baron de PoutrincourtJean de Biencourt de PoutrincourtJean de Biencourt
He was accompanied by Samuel de Champlain, Louis Hébert and Jean de Biencourt de Poutrincourt et de Saint-Just.
He made his first voyage to the New World in 1604 as a senior member of the expedition led by Pierre Dugua de Mons that established a colony, first on Saint Croix Island but moved after one winter to build a new settlement in 1605 at Port-Royal.

Annapolis Valley

ValleyAnnapolis Valley, Nova ScotiaVallée d'Annapolis
With assistance from members of the Mi'kmaq Nation and a local chief named Membertou, coupled with the more temperate climate of the fertile Annapolis Valley, the settlement prospered.
Long settled by the Mi'kmaq Nation, the valley experienced French settlement at the Habitation at Port-Royal, near modern-day Annapolis Royal in the western part of the valley, beginning in 1605.

Annapolis Royal

Annapolis Royal, Nova ScotiaAnnapolis, Nova ScotiaAnnapolis
France relocated the settlement and capital 8 km upstream and to the south bank of the Annapolis River (see Port-Royal (Acadia)); the site of the present-day town of Annapolis Royal.
Today's Annapolis Royal is the second French settlement known by the same name and should not be confused with the 1605 French settlement of Port-Royal National Historic Site also known as the Habitation.

Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia

Grand-PréGrand PréGrand Pre
(Two years later, the English made their first permanent settlement in Jamestown, Virginia.) Approximately seventy-five years after Port-Royal was founded, Acadians spread out from the capital to found the other major Acadian settlements established before the Expulsion of the Acadians: Grand-Pré, Chignecto, Cobequid and Pisiguit.
Pierre Melanson, an Acadian settler who traveled east from Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons's original settlement at Port Royal (see Annapolis Royal and the Habitation).

Cape Sable Island

Cape SableCape Sable, Nova ScotiaCape Sable Island, Nova Scotia
They eventually left Port-Royal and settled by 1620, at Cape Negro- Cape Sable.
Cape Sable and Cape Negro, Nova Scotia were first settled by the Acadians who migrated from Port Royal, Nova Scotia in 1620.

History of Nova Scotia

Nova ScotiaNova Scotia HistoryDemocracy 250
In 1605, French colonists established the first permanent European settlement in the future Canada (and the first north of Florida) at Port Royal, founding what would become known as Acadia.

Samuel Argall

Sir Samuel ArgallSamuell ArgallAdmiral Samuel Argall
In May, 1613 the Jesuits moved on to the Penobscot River valley and in July, the settlement was attacked by Samuel Argall of Virginia.
He then went on to burn the settlement and the restant structures of an earlier one on Sainte-Croix (now in Maine) and the occupied site of Port Royal (now in Nova Scotia).

Saint Croix Island, Maine

Saint Croix IslandSt. Croix IslandÎle Sainte-Croix
Port-Royal was founded after the French nobleman Pierre Du Gua de Monts who spent a disastrous winter in Île-Saint-Croix.
Called Port-Royal, it became the first permanent European settlement in New France.

Acadia

Acadiel'AcadieHistory of Acadia
Port-Royal served as the capital of Acadia until its destruction by British military forces in 1613.
The following year, the settlement was moved across the Bay of Fundy to Port Royal after a difficult winter on the island and deaths from scurvy.

Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons

Pierre Dugua, Sieur de MontsPierre Du Gua de MontsPierre Dugua de Mons
Port-Royal was founded after the French nobleman Pierre Du Gua de Monts who spent a disastrous winter in Île-Saint-Croix.
The colony moved to better land on the south shore of Baie Française at Port-Royal in 1605.

Former colonies and territories in Canada

European colonies in CanadaCanada's colonies and settlementsCanadian colonies
In 1604, the first year-round permanent settlement was founded by Samuel de Champlain at Île-Saint-Croix on Baie Française (Bay of Fundy), which was moved to Port-Royal in 1605.

Annapolis Basin

Goat Island
Port-Royal National Historic Site is a National Historic Site located on the north bank of the Annapolis Basin in the community of Port Royal, Nova Scotia.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The Habitation at Port-Royal was established by France in 1605 and was that nation's first settlement in North America.

Excavation (archaeology)

excavationexcavationsexcavated
In the 1930s the approximate site of the original Habitation was located in the community and the results of archaeological excavations fed public interest in the period of the original French settlement.

Evelyn Eaton

This interest had been increasing since the publication of Quietly My Captain Waits, an historical novel by the Canadian novelist Evelyn Eaton set in Port-Royal in the early 17th century.