Port Jackson

Sydney HarbourSydneyharbourPort Jackson (Sydney Harbour)the harbourSydney HarborMiddle HarbourPort of Sydneytimes the volume of Sydney Harbour
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.wikipedia
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Sydney

Sydney, AustraliaSydney, New South WalesSydney, New South Wales, Australia
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west.

Parramatta River

Parramattariver
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
With an average depth of 5.1 m, the Parramatta River is the main tributary of Sydney Harbour, a branch of Port Jackson.

Lane Cove River

Lane Cove
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The Lane Cove River, a northern tributary of the Parramatta River, is a tide-dominated, drowned valley estuary west of Sydney Harbour, located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Harbor

harbournatural harbournatural harbor
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Examples of natural harbors include Sydney Harbour, Australia and Trincomalee Harbour in Sri Lanka.

Sydney Opera House

Opera HouseSydney Opera House ForecourtSydney Opera
It is the location of the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge.
The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre at Sydney Harbour in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Harbour BridgeHarbor Bridgeharbour
It is the location of the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a heritage-listed steel through arch bridge across Sydney Harbour that carries rail, vehicular, bicycle, and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district (CBD) and the North Shore.

Middle Harbour

MiddleMiddle Harbour, New South Wales
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Middle Harbour (or Warring-Ga ), a semi–mature tide dominated drowned valley estuary, is the northern arm of Port Jackson, an inlet of the Tasman Sea located north of Sydney central business district on the coast of New South Wales, Australia.

Sydney New Year's Eve

New Year's EveSydney New Year's Eve Fireworks1999–00 event
Many recreational events are based on or around the harbour itself particularly the Sydney New Year's Eve celebrations and the starting point of the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race.
Centering on the Sydney Harbour Bridge and surrounding Port Jackson, its main events are two pyrotechnic displays: the 9pm Family Fireworks and the Midnight Fireworks, both of which are televised nationally with the more popular Midnight Fireworks televised globally.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
A camp was set up and the flag raised at Sydney Cove, Port Jackson, on 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day, Australia Day.

Sydney Harbour National Park

Sydney HarbourSydney Harbour,
Sydney Harbour National Park protects a number of islands and foreshore areas, swimming spots, bushwalking tracks and picnic areas.
The Sydney Harbour National Park is an Australian national park comprising parts of Port Jackson, Sydney and its foreshores and various islands.

History of Australia

Australian historyAustraliacolonial Australia
The location of the first European settlement and colony on the Australian mainland, Port Jackson has continued to play a key role in the history and development of Sydney.
A few days after arrival at Botany Bay the fleet moved to the more suitable Port Jackson where a settlement was established at Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788.

Sydney Heads

South HeadNorth HeadMiddle Head
As the Endeavour sailed past the entrance at Sydney Heads, Cook wrote in his journal "at noon we were...about 2 or 3 miles from the land and abrest of a bay or harbour within there appeared to be a safe anchorage which I called Port Jackson." This would have been because their line of sight was blocked by the high promontories of South Head and Bradleys Head that shape its dog-leg entrance.
The Sydney Heads (also simply known as the Heads) are a series of headlands that form the 2 km wide entrance to Sydney Harbour in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Bradleys Head

Bradley's HeadAthol BightBradley's Point (now known as Bradleys Head)
This would have been because their line of sight was blocked by the high promontories of South Head and Bradleys Head that shape its dog-leg entrance. There are four historical fortifications located between Taronga Zoo and Middle Head, Mosman, they are: the Middle Head Fortifications, the Georges Head Battery, the Lower Georges Heights Commanding Position and a small fort located on Bradleys Head, known as the Bradleys Head Fortification Complex.
Bradleys Head is a headland protruding from the north shore of Sydney Harbour, within the metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Arthur Phillip

Governor PhillipGovernor Arthur PhillipCaptain Arthur Phillip
However, these islands were known to Captain Arthur Phillip, the First Fleet commander, before he departed England in 1787.
In January 1788, he selected its location to be Port Jackson (encompassing Sydney Harbour).

Cadigal

GadigalGadigal peopleCadi
The land around Port Jackson was inhabited at the time of the European arrival and colonisation by the Eora clans, including the Gadigal, Cammeraygal, and Wangal.
The Cadigal originally inhabited the area that they called "Cadi" that lies south of Port Jackson covering today's Sydney central business district and stretches from South Head to with part of the southern boundary lying on the Cooks River.

Attack on Sydney Harbour

Sydney HarbourJapanese midget submarine attackattacked Sydney Harbour
On the night of 31 May 1942, three Japanese midget submarines entered the harbour, one of which became entangled in the western end of the boom net's central section.
On the night of 31 May – 1 June, three Ko-hyoteki-class midget submarines, each with a two-member crew, entered Sydney Harbour, avoided the partially constructed Sydney Harbour anti-submarine boom net, and attempted to sink Allied warships.

Rose Bay, New South Wales

Rose BayRose Bay, Sydney
From 1938, seaplanes landed in Sydney Harbour on Rose Bay, making this Sydney's first international airport.
Lyne Park abuts Sydney Harbour on its west.

Watsons Bay, New South Wales

Watsons BayWatson's BayCamp Cove
Phillip first stayed over night at Camp Cove, then moved down the harbour, landing at Sydney Cove and then Manly Cove before returning to Botany Bay on the afternoon of 24 January.
Watsons Bay sits on the end of the South Head peninsula and takes its name from the sheltered bay and anchorage on its western side, in Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour).

Wangal

Wangal peopleWanegalWangal clan
The land around Port Jackson was inhabited at the time of the European arrival and colonisation by the Eora clans, including the Gadigal, Cammeraygal, and Wangal.
In the middle of the last ice age, the Sydney coast was approximately 15 km to the east and what is now Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) was freshwater creeks and rivers.

Fort Denison

PinchgutPinchgut IslandDenison
Fort Denison is a former penal site and defensive facility occupying a small island located north-east of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney Harbour.
Fort Denison, part of the Sydney Harbour National Park, is a protected national park that is a heritage-listed former penal site and defensive facility occupying a small island located north-east of the Royal Botanic Gardens and approximately 1 km east of the Opera House in Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.

Sydney Harbour anti-submarine boom net

anti-submarine boom netAnti-submarine boom net (Sydney Harbour WWII)anti-submarine defences
In 1942, to protect Sydney Harbour from a submarine attack, the Sydney Harbour anti-submarine boom net was constructed.
The Sydney Harbour anti-submarine boom net was an anti-torpedo and submarine defence net that was in Sydney Harbour during World War II.

Garden Island (New South Wales)

Garden IslandGarden Island DockyardGarden Island Naval Base
The conning tower of one of the midget submarines is on display at the RAN Heritage Centre, Garden Island, Sydney.
It is located to the north-east of the Sydney central business district and juts out into Port Jackson, immediately to the north of the suburb of Potts Point.

Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney

Royal Botanic Gardens, SydneyRoyal Botanic GardensRoyal Botanic Garden
Fort Denison is a former penal site and defensive facility occupying a small island located north-east of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney Harbour.
Its stunning position on Sydney Harbour, the Sydney Opera House and the large public parklands of The Domain ensure it is one of the most visited attractions in Sydney.

Bradleys Head Fortification Complex

Bradleys Head
There are four historical fortifications located between Taronga Zoo and Middle Head, Mosman, they are: the Middle Head Fortifications, the Georges Head Battery, the Lower Georges Heights Commanding Position and a small fort located on Bradleys Head, known as the Bradleys Head Fortification Complex.
The small fort is located on the northern side of Sydney Harbour, just south of Taronga Park Zoo, and the fortification formed part of a total defence system for Sydney Harbour and recalls a period when the colony of New South Wales became increasingly aware of its isolation and wealth.

Sydney central business district

Sydney CBDcentral business districtCBD
The Sydney central business district extends from Circular Quay.
Its east–west axis runs from a chain of parkland that includes Hyde Park, The Domain, Royal Botanic Gardens and Farm Cove on Sydney Harbour in the east; to Darling Harbour and the Western Distributor in the west.