Port Phillip

Port Phillip BayPort Philip BayPort Phillip Bay, VictoriaPort Phillip HeadsAltona BayBay of Port PhillipDistrict of Port PhillipP'''ort '''P'''hillipPort PhilipPort Phillip Ba
Port Phillip (also commonly referred to as Port Phillip Bay), is a bay in southern Victoria, Australia.wikipedia
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John Murray (Australian explorer)

John MurrayLieutenant John MurrayLt. John Murray
The first Europeans to enter the bay were the crews of, commanded by John Murray and, ten weeks later, commanded by Matthew Flinders, in 1802. The first Europeans to find and enter Port Phillip, were the crew of the Lady Nelson, commanded by John Murray, which entered the bay on 15 February 1802.
He was the first European to land in Port Phillip, the bay on which the cities of Melbourne and Geelong are situated.

Melbourne

Melbourne, AustraliaMelbourne, VictoriaGreater Melbourne
It is nearly surrounded by the city of Melbourne and its suburbs. Thirty years later, settlers from Tasmania returned to establish Melbourne, now the state's capital city, at the mouth of the Yarra River in 1835 and Geelong at Corio Bay in 1838.
The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley.

Sorrento, Victoria

SorrentoSorrento CemeterySullivan Bay
Subsequent expeditions into the bay took place in 1803 to establish the first settlement in Victoria, near Sorrento, but was abandoned in 1804. After some investigation it was decided to establish the settlement at a spot known as Sullivan Bay, very close to where Sorrento now exists. Later, resorts further south such as Sorrento and Portsea became popular.
Sorrento is a coastal town in Victoria, Australia, located on the shores of Port Phillip on the Mornington Peninsula, about one and a half hours by car south of Melbourne.

Yarra River

YarraYarra Yarra RiverBirrarung
Thirty years later, settlers from Tasmania returned to establish Melbourne, now the state's capital city, at the mouth of the Yarra River in 1835 and Geelong at Corio Bay in 1838.
From its source in the Yarra Ranges, it flows 242 km west through the Yarra Valley which opens out into plains as it winds its way through Greater Melbourne before emptying into Hobsons Bay in northernmost Port Phillip.

Corio Bay

Corio Bay, Victoria
Thirty years later, settlers from Tasmania returned to establish Melbourne, now the state's capital city, at the mouth of the Yarra River in 1835 and Geelong at Corio Bay in 1838.
Corio Bay is one of numerous bays in the southwest corner of Australia's Port Phillip, and is the bay on which abuts the City of Geelong.

Geelong

Geelong, VictoriaGeelong, AustraliaGeelong, VIC
Thirty years later, settlers from Tasmania returned to establish Melbourne, now the state's capital city, at the mouth of the Yarra River in 1835 and Geelong at Corio Bay in 1838.
After anchoring outside Port Phillip Heads (the narrow entrance to Port Phillip, onto which both Geelong and Melbourne now front), on 1 February 1802, he sent a small boat with six men to explore.

HMS Lady Nelson (1798)

Lady NelsonHMS ''Lady NelsonHMS Lady Nelson
The first Europeans to find and enter Port Phillip, were the crew of the Lady Nelson, commanded by John Murray, which entered the bay on 15 February 1802.
She was involved in the discovery of Port Phillip, on the coast of Victoria, in establishing settlements on the River Derwent and at Port Dalrymple in Tasmania, at Newcastle and Port Macquarie in New South Wales, and on Melville Island off the north coast of the continent.

The Rip

Port Phillip HeadsRipThe Heads
The Yarra and other tributaries flowed down what is now the middle of the bay, formed a lake in the southern reaches of the bay, dammed by The Heads, subsequently pouring out into Bass Strait. The narrow entrance to the bay, called the Rip, between Point Lonsdale and Point Nepean, features strong tidal streams made turbulent by the uneven contours of the seabed.
"The Rip", also known as "The Heads", is a dangerous stretch of water in Victoria, Australia, connecting Port Phillip and Bass Strait.

Ocean (1794 ship)

Ocean
On 10 October 1803 a convoy of two ships and Ocean led by Captain David Collins carrying 402 people (5 Government officials, 9 officers of marines, 2 drummers, and 39 privates, 5 soldiers' wives and a child, and 307 convicts with 17 convicts' wives and 7 children) entered Port Philip Bay.
She performed two voyages as an "extra" ship for the British East India Company (EIC) and later, in 1803, she accompanied HMS Calcutta to Port Phillip (Melbourne).

John Batman

BatmanBatman AvenueBatman’s
Port Phillip was then left mostly undisturbed until 1835, when settlers from Tasmania led by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner (who had been at the Sorrento settlement as a child) established Melbourne on the lower reaches of the Yarra.
He settled in the north-east of the Van Diemen's Land Colony in the 1820s, and later as a leading member of the Port Phillip Association he led an expedition which explored the Port Phillip Bay area on the Australian mainland with a view to establishing a new settlement there.

Sullivan Bay, Victoria

Sullivan Bayfailed settlement
After some investigation it was decided to establish the settlement at a spot known as Sullivan Bay, very close to where Sorrento now exists.
Sullivan Bay lies 60 km due south of Melbourne on Port Phillip, one kilometre east of Sorrento, Victoria.

John Pascoe Fawkner

John FawknerFawkner, John PascoeJ.P. Fawkner
Port Phillip was then left mostly undisturbed until 1835, when settlers from Tasmania led by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner (who had been at the Sorrento settlement as a child) established Melbourne on the lower reaches of the Yarra.
Fawkner's party sailed to Port Phillip and up the Yarra River to found a settlement which became the city of Melbourne.

Boon wurrung

BunurongBoonwurrungBunurong people
Before European settlement the area around Port Phillip was divided between the territories of the Wathaurong (to the west), Wurundjeri (north) and Boonwurrung (south and east) Nations.
The Boon wurrung clans would have been aware of the Europeans, as people of the coast who watched the explorers ships sail past, then enter Port Phillip and Western Port.

Bellarine Peninsula

BellarineBellarine Peninsula, Victoria
Port Phillip lies in southern Victoria, separated from Bass Strait by the Bellarine Peninsula to the southwest and Mornington Peninsula to the southeast.
The Bellarine Peninsula is a peninsula located south-west of Melbourne in Victoria, Australia, surrounded by Port Phillip, Corio Bay and Bass Strait.

Mornington Peninsula

MorningtonMornington Peninsula, VICMornington Peninsula, Victoria
Port Phillip lies in southern Victoria, separated from Bass Strait by the Bellarine Peninsula to the southwest and Mornington Peninsula to the southeast. The eastern side of the bay is characterised by sandy beaches extending from St Kilda, Sandringham, Beaumaris, Carrum, and down the Mornington Peninsula to Frankston, Safety Beach/Dromana and Rye to Portsea.
It is surrounded by Port Phillip to the west, Western Port to the east and Bass Strait to the south, and is connected to the mainland in the north.

Western Treatment Plant

Werribee Sewage FarmMetropolitan Sewage Farmsewage treatment farm
The more swampy western shores of the bay were not so favoured, and have been used mainly for non-residential purposes such as the Point Cook Royal Australian Air Force base and the Werribee Sewage Farm.
The Western Treatment Plant (formerly the Metropolitan Sewage Farm or, more commonly, the Werribee Sewage Farm) is a 110 sqkm sewage treatment plant in Cocoroc, Victoria, Australia, 30 km west of Melbourne's central business district, on the coast of Port Phillip Bay.

Point Cook, Victoria

Point CookPoint Cook Coastal ParkPoint Cook South
The more swampy western shores of the bay were not so favoured, and have been used mainly for non-residential purposes such as the Point Cook Royal Australian Air Force base and the Werribee Sewage Farm.
Commanded by Captain Hobson, the ship charted part of the Port Phillip bay in 1836.

Frankston, Victoria

FrankstonFrankston EastFrankston East Primary School
The eastern side of the bay is characterised by sandy beaches extending from St Kilda, Sandringham, Beaumaris, Carrum, and down the Mornington Peninsula to Frankston, Safety Beach/Dromana and Rye to Portsea.
Situated on the eastern shoreline of Port Phillip, Frankston has been a popular seaside destination of Melbourne since the 1880s.

Point Nepean

Point Nepean National ParkPoint Nepean, VictoriaNepean
The narrow entrance to the bay, called the Rip, between Point Lonsdale and Point Nepean, features strong tidal streams made turbulent by the uneven contours of the seabed.
Point Nepean marks the southern point of The Rip (the entrance to Port Phillip) and the most westerly point of the Mornington Peninsula, in Victoria, Australia.

Portsea, Victoria

PortseaPortsea Surf Beach
The eastern side of the bay is characterised by sandy beaches extending from St Kilda, Sandringham, Beaumaris, Carrum, and down the Mornington Peninsula to Frankston, Safety Beach/Dromana and Rye to Portsea. Later, resorts further south such as Sorrento and Portsea became popular.
It is located approximately 108 km south of the Melbourne CBD, on the opposite side of Port Phillip Bay.

Beaumaris, Victoria

Beaumaris
The eastern side of the bay is characterised by sandy beaches extending from St Kilda, Sandringham, Beaumaris, Carrum, and down the Mornington Peninsula to Frankston, Safety Beach/Dromana and Rye to Portsea.
It is located on Port Phillip.

William Buckley (convict)

William BuckleyBuckley's chanceJohn Morgan
Prior to abandonment, a group of convicts including William Buckley, escaped from the settlement.
Buckley left England in April 1803 aboard, one of two ships sent to Port Phillip to form a new settlement under Lieutenant-Colonel David Collins.

Matthew Flinders

Flinders[Matthew] FlindersCaptain Matthew Flinders
The first Europeans to enter the bay were the crews of, commanded by John Murray and, ten weeks later, commanded by Matthew Flinders, in 1802.
Proceeding along the coast, Flinders explored Port Phillip (the site of the future city of Melbourne), which, unknown to him, had been discovered only ten weeks earlier by John Murray aboard.

Port Phillip Channel Deepening Project

deepen shipping channelsdeepen the channeldeepen the shipping channels
Work has commenced to deepen the channel entrance, to allow newer, larger container ships to access Melbourne's docks.
The project was to deepen channels in Port Phillip to 14 m draught allow greater access for container ships.

Queenscliff, Victoria

QueenscliffQueenscliff HotelShortlands Bluff
On the western side of the bay there is a greater variety of beach types, including both sandy and sandstone rock beaches, seen at Queenscliff, St Leonards, Indented Head, Portarlington, Altona and Geelong's Eastern Beach.
Queenscliff is a small town on the Bellarine Peninsula in southern Victoria, Australia, south of Swan Bay at the entrance to Port Phillip.