Portrait painting

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Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to represent a specific human subject.wikipedia
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Portrait

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A well-executed portrait is expected to show the inner essence of the subject (from the artist's point of view) or a flattering representation, not just a literal likeness.
A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant.

Charles I in Three Positions

Triple portraita triple portrait of himselfTriple Portrait of Charles I
Occasionally, artists have created composites with views from multiple directions, as with Anthony van Dyck's triple portrait of Charles I in Three Positions.
Charles I in Three Positions, also known as the Triple Portrait of Charles I, is an oil painting of Charles I of England by Flemish artist Sir Anthony van Dyck, showing the king from three viewpoints: left full profile, face on, and right three-quarter profile.

John Singer Sargent

SargentJohn Singer SergeantJohn S. Sargent
Jacques-Louis David celebrated Portrait of Madame Récamier, wildly popular in exhibitions, was rejected by the sitter, as was John Singer Sargent's notorious Portrait of Madame X.
John Singer Sargent (January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was an American expatriate artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian-era luxury.

Hierarchy of genres

most-elevated genrecategory of paintinggenre
Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to represent a specific human subject.
After history painting came, in order of decreasing worth: portraits, scenes of everyday life (called scènes de genre, or "genre painting", and also petit genre to contrast it with the grande genre), landscapes, animal painting, and finally still lifes.

Mona Lisa

MonalisaThe Mona LisaGioconda
One of best-known portraits in the Western world is Leonardo da Vinci's painting titled Mona Lisa, named for Lisa del Giocondo, a member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany and the wife of wealthy Florentine silk merchant Francesco del Giocondo.
The Mona Lisa (Monna Lisa or La Gioconda, La Joconde ) is a half-length portrait painting by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci.

Lisa del Giocondo

Lisa GherardiniFrancesco del GiocondoLisa
One of best-known portraits in the Western world is Leonardo da Vinci's painting titled Mona Lisa, named for Lisa del Giocondo, a member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany and the wife of wealthy Florentine silk merchant Francesco del Giocondo.
Her name was given to the Mona Lisa, her portrait commissioned by her husband and painted by Leonardo da Vinci during the Italian Renaissance.

Rembrandt

Rembrandt van RijnRembrandt Harmenszoon van RijnRembrandt Harmensz van Rijn
In particular, Dutch painter Rembrandt explored the many expressions of the human face, especially as one of the premier self-portraitists (of which he painted over 60 in his lifetime).
Unlike most Dutch masters of the 17th century, depict a wide range of style and subject matter, from portraits and self-portraits to landscapes, genre scenes, allegorical and historical scenes, and biblical and mythological themes as well as animal studies.

Frans Hals

HalsHals, FransF. Hals
Dutch painter Frans Hals used fluid brush strokes of vivid color to enliven his group portraits, including those of the civil guards to which he belonged.
Hals played an important role in the evolution of 17th-century group portraiture.

Diego Velázquez

VelázquezVelasquezDiego Velazquez
In Spain, Diego Velázquez painted Las Meninas (1656), one of the most famous and enigmatic group portraits of all time.
In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family and commoners, culminating in his masterpiece Las Meninas (1656).

Sofonisba Anguissola

Anguissola, SofonisbaSofonisba (or Sophonisba) AnguissolaSofonisba Anguisciola
One of the best portraitists of 16th-century Italy was Sofonisba Anguissola from Cremona, who infused her individual and group portraits with new levels of complexity.
She moved to Sicily, and later Pisa and Genoa, where she continued to practice as a leading portrait painter.

John Singleton Copley

CopleyMr. CopleyJ S Copley
In the United States, John Singleton Copley, schooled in the refined British manner, became the leading painter of full-size and miniature portraits, with his hyper-realistic pictures of Samuel Adams and Paul Revere especially well-regarded.
After becoming well-established as a portrait painter of the wealthy in colonial New England, he moved to London in 1774, never returning to America.

Painting

painterpaintingspainters
Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to represent a specific human subject.
Portrait paintings are representations of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant.

Cecilia Beaux

American society painter Cecilia Beaux, called the "female Sargent", was born of a French father, studied abroad and gained success back home, sticking with traditional methods.
Her sympathetic renderings of the American ruling class made her one of the most successful portrait painters of her era.

Giovanni Boldini

BoldiniBoldini, Giovanni
Another portraitist compared to Sargent for his lush technique was Italian-born Parisian artist Giovanni Boldini, a friend of Degas and Whistler.
Their influence is seen in Boldini's landscapes which show his spontaneous response to nature, although it is for his portraits that he became best known.

William Hogarth

HogarthHogarthianHogarth, William
Also prominent in England was William Hogarth, who dared to buck conventional methods by introducing touches of humor in his portraits.
Hogarth was also a popular portrait painter.

William Merritt Chase

William M. ChaseWilliam ChaseChase
Another prominent American portraitist who trained abroad was William Merritt Chase.

Joanna Woodall

Woodall, Joanna
*Woodall, Joanna.
She has been at the Courtauld Institute of Art since 1986 where she specialises in portraiture and Netherlandish art.

Printmaking

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In addition to painting, portraits can also be made in other media such as prints (including etching and lithography), photography, video and digital media.

Etching

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In addition to painting, portraits can also be made in other media such as prints (including etching and lithography), photography, video and digital media.

Lithography

lithographlithographerlithographs
In addition to painting, portraits can also be made in other media such as prints (including etching and lithography), photography, video and digital media.

Photography

photographerphotographicstill photography
In addition to painting, portraits can also be made in other media such as prints (including etching and lithography), photography, video and digital media.

Video

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In addition to painting, portraits can also be made in other media such as prints (including etching and lithography), photography, video and digital media.

Digital media

digital editingdigitalonline media
In addition to painting, portraits can also be made in other media such as prints (including etching and lithography), photography, video and digital media.

Aristotle

AristotelianAristotelesAristote
As Aristotle stated, "The aim of Art is to present not the outward appearance of things, but their inner significance; for this, not the external manner and detail, constitutes true reality."

Caricature

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Artists may strive for photographic realism or an impressionistic similarity in depicting their subject, but this differs from a caricature which attempts to reveal character through exaggeration of physical features.