Portugal

PortuguesePortuguese RepublicPORPTRepublic of PortugalKingdom of PortugalPRTPortuguese Albums ChartLusoPortugueses
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa ), is a country located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.wikipedia
33,527 Related Articles

Azores

Azores IslandsAzoreanthe Azores
Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.
It is an archipelago composed of nine volcanic islands in the North Atlantic Ocean about 1360 km west of continental Portugal, about 1500 km west of Lisbon, in continental Portugal, about 1500 km northwest of Morocco, and about 2500 km southeast of Newfoundland, Canada.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain.
The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

Colonial Brazil

Brazilcolony of BrazilPortuguese colony of Brazil
During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II, with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope (1488), Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India (1497–98) and the European discovery of Brazil (1500).
Colonial Brazil (Brasil Colonial) comprises the period from 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese, until 1815, when Brazil was elevated to a kingdom in union with Portugal as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.

Al-Andalus

AndalusianIslamic SpainAl Andalus
After the Muslim conquests of the Iberian Peninsula, most of the territory was part of Al-Andalus for several centuries.
Following the Umayyad conquest of Hispania, al-Andalus, then at its greatest extent, was divided into five administrative units, corresponding roughly to modern Andalusia, Portugal and Galicia, Castile and León, Navarre, Aragon, the County of Barcelona, and Septimania.

Estado Novo (Portugal)

Estado NovoPortugalEstado Novo regime
After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established, later being superseded by the Estado Novo authoritarian regime.
The Estado Novo (, "New State"), or the Second Republic, was the corporatist period of rule in Portugal in 1933.

Transfer of sovereignty over Macau

transfer of sovereignty of Macautransfer of sovereigntyhandover of Macau
The handover of Macau to China in 1999 marked the end of what can be considered the longest-lived colonial empire.
The transfer of sovereignty of Macau from Portugal to the People's Republic of China (PRC) occurred on 20 December 1999.

Kingdom of Portugal

PortugalPortugueseKingdom
The Kingdom of Portugal was later proclaimed following the Battle of Ourique in 1139, and independence from León was recognised by the Treaty of Zamora in 1143.
The Kingdom of Portugal (Regnum Portugalliae, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal.

Independence of Brazil

Brazilian independenceindependenceBrazilian War of Independence
However, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, the independence of Brazil (1822), and a late industrialization compared to other European powers, erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence.
The Independence of Brazil comprised a series of political and military events that occurred in 1821–1824, most of which involved disputes between Brazil and Portugal regarding the call for independence presented by the Brazilian Empire.

Bartolomeu Dias

Bartholomew DiasBartholomeu DiasBartholomew Diaz
During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II, with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope (1488), Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India (1497–98) and the European discovery of Brazil (1500).
Bartolomeu Dias (Anglicized: Bartholomew Diaz; c. 1450 – 29 May 1500 ), a nobleman of the Portuguese royal household, was a Portuguese explorer.

Portuguese presence in Asia

Asia
During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castille, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia.
Portugal's goal in the Indian Ocean was to ensure their monopoly in the spice trade, establishing several fortresses and commercial trading posts.

Southern Europe

SouthernSouthern EuropeanMediterranean Europe
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa ), is a country located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
Portugal, Serbia, North Macedonia, Andorra, San Marino and Vatican City are also often included despite not having a coast in the Mediterranean.

Battle of São Mamede

battle in the field of São MamedeSovereigntySão Mamede
Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamede in 1128.
The Battle of São Mamede (Batalha de São Mamede, ) took place on 24 June 1128 near Guimarães and is considered the seminal event for the foundation of the Kingdom of Portugal and the battle that ensured Portugal's Independence.

Braga

Bracara AugustaBracaraBraga, Portugal
Around 200 BC, the Romans took the Iberian Peninsula from the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, and in the process conquered Cale renaming it Portus Cale (Port of Cale) incorporating it to the province of Gaellicia with capital in Bracara Augusta (modern day Braga, Portugal).
Braga is a city and a municipality in the northwestern Portuguese district of Braga, in the historical and cultural Minho Province.

Galicia (Spain)

GaliciaGalicianGalicians
Around 200 BC, the Romans took the Iberian Peninsula from the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, and in the process conquered Cale renaming it Portus Cale (Port of Cale) incorporating it to the province of Gaellicia with capital in Bracara Augusta (modern day Braga, Portugal). The names Callaici and Cale are the origin of today's Gaia and Galicia.
Galicia is bordered by Portugal to the south, the Spanish autonomous communities of Castile and León and Asturias to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Cantabrian Sea to the north.

List of the Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian PeninsulaIberianpre-Roman
The region was settled by Pre-Celts and Celts, giving origin to peoples like the Gallaeci, Lusitanians, Celtici and Cynetes, visited by Phoenicians, Ancient Greeks and Carthaginians, incorporated in the Roman Republic dominions as Lusitania and part of Gallaecia, after 45 BC until 298 AD.
This is a list of the Pre-Roman people of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania, i. e., modern Portugal, Spain and Andorra).

Lusitania

Hispania LusitaniaLusitâniaLusitanian
The region was settled by Pre-Celts and Celts, giving origin to peoples like the Gallaeci, Lusitanians, Celtici and Cynetes, visited by Phoenicians, Ancient Greeks and Carthaginians, incorporated in the Roman Republic dominions as Lusitania and part of Gallaecia, after 45 BC until 298 AD.
Lusitania or Hispania Lusitana was an ancient Iberian Roman province located where modern Portugal (south of the Douro river) and part of western Spain (the present autonomous community of Extremadura and a part of the province of Salamanca) lie.

Vila Nova de Gaia

GaiaVila Nova de Gaia, PortugalVila Nova de Gaia Municipality
The names Callaici and Cale are the origin of today's Gaia and Galicia. The word Portugal derives from the Roman-Celtic place name Portus Cale; a city where present-day Vila Nova de Gaia now stands, at the mouth of the River Douro in the north of what is now Portugal.
Vila Nova de Gaia, or simply Gaia, is a city and a municipality in Porto District in Norte Region, Portugal.

Douro

Douro RiverDueroDuero River
The word Portugal derives from the Roman-Celtic place name Portus Cale; a city where present-day Vila Nova de Gaia now stands, at the mouth of the River Douro in the north of what is now Portugal.
The Douro (, ; Duero ; Durius) is one of the major rivers of the Iberian Peninsula, flowing from its source near Duruelo de la Sierra in Soria Province across northern-central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Porto.

Global Peace Index

peacefulnesspeacestate of peace
Additionally, it is highly placed in rankings of moral freedom (2nd), peacefulness (3rd), LGBT rights (7th in Europe), democracy (8th), press freedom (12th), stability (15th), social progress (18th), prosperity (24th), and HDI (41st).
The 2019 GPI indicates Iceland, New Zealand, Portugal, Austria, and Denmark to be the most peaceful countries and Somalia, Afghanistan, Syria, South Sudan, Yemen, and Iraq to be the least peaceful.

Community of Portuguese Language Countries

CPLPPortuguese-speaking countriesComunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa
A member of the United Nations and the European Union, Portugal was also one of the founding members of NATO, the eurozone, the OECD, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.
The history of the CPLP began when it was founded in 1996, in Lisbon, by Angola, Brazil, Cabo Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, and São Tomé e Príncipe, nearly two decades after the beginning of the decolonization of the Portuguese Empire.

Autonomous Regions of Portugal

autonomous regionautonomous regionsRegional Parliaments
Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.
Together with Continental Portugal (Portugal Continental), they form the whole of the Portuguese Republic.

Celts

CelticCeltCeltic people
The region was settled by Pre-Celts and Celts, giving origin to peoples like the Gallaeci, Lusitanians, Celtici and Cynetes, visited by Phoenicians, Ancient Greeks and Carthaginians, incorporated in the Roman Republic dominions as Lusitania and part of Gallaecia, after 45 BC until 298 AD. The word Portugal derives from the Roman-Celtic place name Portus Cale; a city where present-day Vila Nova de Gaia now stands, at the mouth of the River Douro in the north of what is now Portugal. Celts, Carthaginians and Romans were followed by the invasions of the Visigoths and Suebi Germanic peoples.
A modern Celtic identity was constructed as part of the Romanticist Celtic Revival in Great Britain, Ireland, and other European territories, such as Portugal and Spanish Galicia.

Press Freedom Index

World Press Freedom Indexpress freedomWorldwide Press Freedom Index
Additionally, it is highly placed in rankings of moral freedom (2nd), peacefulness (3rd), LGBT rights (7th in Europe), democracy (8th), press freedom (12th), stability (15th), social progress (18th), prosperity (24th), and HDI (41st).

Cynetes

ConiiCynetes or CunetesConii or Cynetes
The region was settled by Pre-Celts and Celts, giving origin to peoples like the Gallaeci, Lusitanians, Celtici and Cynetes, visited by Phoenicians, Ancient Greeks and Carthaginians, incorporated in the Roman Republic dominions as Lusitania and part of Gallaecia, after 45 BC until 298 AD.
The Cynetes or Conii were one of the pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula, living in today's Algarve and Lower Alentejo regions of southern Portugal, and the southern part of Badajoz and the northwestern portions of Córdoba and Ciudad Real provinces in Spain before the 6th century BCE (in what part of this become the southern part of the Roman province of Lusitania).

Tartessian language

TartessianTartessian or Southwestern languageTartessians
In addition, a number of linguists expert in ancient Celtic have presented compelling evidence that the Tartessian language, once spoken in parts of SW Spain and SW Portugal, is at least proto-Celtic in structure.
The Tartessian language is the extinct Paleohispanic language of inscriptions in the Southwestern script found in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula: mainly in the south of Portugal (Algarve and southern Alentejo), and the southwest of Spain (south of Extremadura and western Andalusia).