Positive psychology

positive psychologistpositivePositive psychologicalApplied Positive Psychologyelevationmeaning in their lifeOpposition to Positive Psychologypositive psychological movementpositive psychologistspursuit of well-being
Positive psychology is the scientific study of the "good life", or the positive aspects of the human experience that make life worth living.wikipedia
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Martin Seligman

Martin E.P. SeligmanSeligmanMartin E. P. Seligman
Positive psychology began as a new domain of psychology in 1998 when Martin Seligman chose it as the theme for his term as president of the American Psychological Association.
Seligman is a strong promoter within the scientific community of his theories of positive psychology and of well-being.

Flourishing

flourish
Positive psychology is concerned with eudaimonia, "the good life" or flourishing, living according to what holds the greatest value in life – the factors that contribute the most to a well-lived and fulfilling life. According to Corey Keyes, who collaborated with Carol Ryff and uses the term flourishing as a central concept, mental well-being has three components, namely hedonic (c.q. subjective or emotional ), psychological, and social well-being.
It is a central concept in positive psychology, developed by Corey Keyes and Barbara Fredrickson.

Happiness

happyenjoymentJolly
While not attempting a strict definition of the good life, positive psychologists agree that one must live a happy, engaged, and meaningful life in order to experience "the good life". Related concepts are happiness, well-being, quality of life, contentment, and meaningful life. Several humanistic psychologists, most notably Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Erich Fromm, developed theories and practices pertaining to human happiness and flourishing.
Since the 1960s, happiness research has been conducted in a wide variety of scientific disciplines, including gerontology, social psychology and positive psychology, clinical and medical research and happiness economics.

Flow (psychology)

flowflow statein the zone
According to Peterson, topics of interest to researchers in the field are: states of pleasure or flow, values, strengths, virtues, talents, as well as the ways that these can be promoted by social systems and institutions.
In positive psychology, a flow state, also known colloquially as being in the zone, is the mental state of operation in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed in a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and enjoyment in the process of the activity.

Eudaimonia

the good lifeEudaimonismeudaemonia
Positive psychology is concerned with eudaimonia, "the good life" or flourishing, living according to what holds the greatest value in life – the factors that contribute the most to a well-lived and fulfilling life. Positive psychology is concerned with eudaimonia, "The good life", reflection about what holds the greatest value in life – the factors that contribute the most to a well-lived and fulfilling life.
The Questionnaire for Eudaimonic Well-Being developed in Positive Psychology lists six dimensions of Eudaimonia: self-discovery, perceived development of one's best potentials, a sense of purpose and meaning in life, investment of significant effort in pursuit of excellence, intense involvement in activities and enjoyment of activities as personally expressive.

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Mihály CsíkszentmihályiCsikszentmihalyiMihaly Csikszentmihaly
Martin Seligman and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi define positive psychology as "... the scientific study of positive human functioning and flourishing on multiple levels that include the biological, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global dimensions of life."
Martin Seligman, former president of the American Psychological Association, described Csikszentmihalyi as the world's leading researcher on positive psychology.

Contentment

satisfactiondissatisfactioncomplacency
Related concepts are happiness, well-being, quality of life, contentment, and meaningful life.
In positive psychology, social scientists study what might contribute to living a good life, or what would lead to people having increased positive mood and overall satisfaction with their life.

Psychology

psychologicalpsychologistpsychologists
Positive psychology began as a new domain of psychology in 1998 when Martin Seligman chose it as the theme for his term as president of the American Psychological Association.
Later, positive psychology opened up humanistic themes to scientific modes of exploration.

Meaningful life

Related concepts are happiness, well-being, quality of life, contentment, and meaningful life.
In positive psychology, a meaningful life is a construct having to do with the purpose, significance, fulfillment, and satisfaction of life.

Self-acceptance

self-acceptingself acceptance
It postulates six factors which are key for well-being, namely self-acceptance, personal growth, purpose in life, environmental mastery, autonomy, and positive relations with others.
In clinical psychology and positive psychology, self-acceptance is considered the prerequisite for change to occur.

Well-being

wellbeingwell beingwelfare
Related concepts are happiness, well-being, quality of life, contentment, and meaningful life. It builds further on the humanistic movement, which encouraged an emphasis on happiness, well-being, and positivity, thus creating the foundation for what is now known as positive psychology.
Well-being is a central concept in positive psychology.

Broaden-and-build

positive emotionsbroaden and buildBroaden-and-Build theory
According to Seligman and Peterson, positive psychology is concerned with three issues: positive emotions, positive individual traits, and positive institutions.
It was developed by Barbara Fredrickson starting around 1998 and is commonly associated with positive psychology.

Character Strengths and Virtues

Character Strengths and Virtues (book)Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classificationcharacter strengths
The development of the Character Strengths and Virtues (CSV) handbook (2004) represented the first attempt by Seligman and Peterson to identify and classify positive psychological traits of human beings.
In the same way that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders assesses and facilitates research on mental disorders, CSV is intended to provide a theoretical framework to assist in developing practical applications for positive psychology.

Humanistic psychology

humanistichumanistic psychologisthumanistic social work
It builds further on the humanistic movement, which encouraged an emphasis on happiness, well-being, and positivity, thus creating the foundation for what is now known as positive psychology. Several humanistic psychologists, most notably Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Erich Fromm, developed theories and practices pertaining to human happiness and flourishing.
Also part of the range of humanistic psychotherapy are concepts from depth therapy, holistic health, encounter groups, sensitivity training, marital and family therapies, body work, the existential psychotherapy of Medard Boss, and Positive Psychology.

Corey Keyes

According to Corey Keyes, who collaborated with Carol Ryff and uses the term flourishing as a central concept, mental well-being has three components, namely hedonic (c.q. subjective or emotional ), psychological, and social well-being.
He is known for his work with positive psychology.

Zest (positive psychology)

zest
In positive psychology, zest is one of the 24 strengths possessed by humanity.

Psychoanalysis

psychoanalystpsychoanalyticpsychoanalytical
It is a reaction against psychoanalysis and behaviorism, which have focused on "mental illness", meanwhile emphasising maladaptive behavior and negative thinking.
Martin Seligman, a prominent academic in positive psychology wrote, "Thirty years ago, the cognitive revolution in psychology overthrew both Freud and the behaviorists, at least in academia. ... [T]hinking ... is not just a [result] of emotion or behavior. ... [E]motion is always generated by cognition, not the other way around."

Abraham Maslow

Abraham H. MaslowMaslowAbraham Harold Maslow
Several humanistic psychologists, most notably Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Erich Fromm, developed theories and practices pertaining to human happiness and flourishing.
Maslow called his work positive psychology.

Quality of life

well-beinglivabilitywelfare
Related concepts are happiness, well-being, quality of life, contentment, and meaningful life.

Psychological intervention

interventioninterventions
Those who practice positive psychology attempt psychological interventions that foster positive attitudes toward one's subjective experiences, individual traits, and life events.
Positive activity interventions (PAIs) are a part of positive psychology.

Wisdom

sapientsapiencewise
Researchers in the field of positive psychology have defined wisdom as the coordination of "knowledge and experience" and "its deliberate use to improve well being."

Personal development

personal growthpersonalself development
It postulates six factors which are key for well-being, namely self-acceptance, personal growth, purpose in life, environmental mastery, autonomy, and positive relations with others.
and in positive psychology.

Hope

AspirationThe Hopeaspirational
As a specialist in positive psychology, Snyder studied how hope and forgiveness can impact several aspects of life such as health, work, education, and personal meaning.

Subjective well-being

tripartite model of subjective well-beingsubjective wellbeingemotional wellbeing
In 1984, Diener published his tripartite model of subjective well-being, positing "three distinct but often related components of wellbeing: frequent positive affect, infrequent negative affect, and cognitive evaluations such as life satisfaction".
Positive psychology is particularly concerned with the study of SWB.

Culture and positive psychology

culture
Cultural differences can interact with positive psychology to create great variation, potentially impacting positive psychology interventions.