Possession Island (Queensland)

Possession IslandclaimedPossession Island National Park
Possession Island is a small island in the Torres Strait Islands group off the coast of far northern Queensland, Australia.wikipedia
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Torres Strait Islands

Torres StraitTorres Strait IslandTorres Strait Islander
Possession Island is a small island in the Torres Strait Islands group off the coast of far northern Queensland, Australia.
Lieutenant James Cook first claimed British sovereignty over the eastern part of Australia at Possession Island in 1770.

Queensland

Queensland, AustraliaQLDState of Queensland
Possession Island is a small island in the Torres Strait Islands group off the coast of far northern Queensland, Australia.
Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland, 'New South Wales'.

Ankamuti

Apukwi branch of the AnkamutiOiyamkwi clan of the Ankamuti
It is known as Bedanug or Bedhan Lag by the one of the indigenous Australian inhabitants, the Kaurareg though the Ankamuti were also indigenous to the island.
Offshore, they were also on Possession Island

HMS Endeavour

EndeavourHMS ''EndeavourHM Bark ''Endeavour
In 1770 the British navigator Lieutenant James Cook sailed northwards along the east coast of Australia in the Endeavour, anchoring for a week at Botany Bay.
Cook christened his landing place Possession Island, and ceremonial volleys of gunfire from the shore and Endeavours deck marked the occasion.

Protected areas of Queensland

protected areaQueensland Parks and Wildlife ServiceQueensland National Parks
Possession Island is located at the centre of the Possession Island National Park, an area of 5.10 km² established as a Protected Area in 1977 and managed by the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
Possession Island is a small island in the Torres Strait Islands group off the coast of far northern Queensland, Australia.

Indigenous Australians

Indigenous AustralianAboriginalindigenous
It is known as Bedanug or Bedhan Lag by the one of the indigenous Australian inhabitants, the Kaurareg though the Ankamuti were also indigenous to the island.

Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service

National Park RangerNational Parks and Wildlife ServiceQueensland National Parks and Wildlife Service
Possession Island is located at the centre of the Possession Island National Park, an area of 5.10 km² established as a Protected Area in 1977 and managed by the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service

James Cook

Captain CookCaptain James CookCook
In 1770 the British navigator Lieutenant James Cook sailed northwards along the east coast of Australia in the Endeavour, anchoring for a week at Botany Bay.

Botany Bay

BotanyBotany Bay (Port Botany)Port Botany
In 1770 the British navigator Lieutenant James Cook sailed northwards along the east coast of Australia in the Endeavour, anchoring for a week at Botany Bay.

Cape York Peninsula

Cape YorkYork PeninsulaCape York tropical savanna
Three months later, at about midday on 22 August 1770, he reached the northernmost tip of the coast and named it Cape York.

Joseph Banks

Sir Joseph BanksBanksSir Joseph Banks, 1st Baronet
Rowing ashore in the pinnace, Cook climbed the hill with a small party, including the naturalist Joseph Banks.

George III of the United Kingdom

George IIIKing George IIIGeorge III of Great Britain
Later, Cook would record that, when he was on that hill, he took possession of the east coast in the name of King George III and named the place 'Possession Island'. In his journal, Cook wrote: "I now once more hoisted English Coulers and in the Name of His Majesty King George the Third took possession of the whole Eastern Coast...by the name New South Wales, together with all the Bays, Harbours Rivers and Islands situate upon the said coast."

Admiralty

British AdmiraltyLord High Admiralthe Admiralty
The Admiralty's instructions did not authorize Cook to annex New Holland (Australia), as Justice Evatt indicates: the authorisation was limited to the mythical Southern Continent and to islands not previously discovered by any Europeans.

New Holland (Australia)

New HollandAustraliaDutch
The Admiralty's instructions did not authorize Cook to annex New Holland (Australia), as Justice Evatt indicates: the authorisation was limited to the mythical Southern Continent and to islands not previously discovered by any Europeans.

Terra Australis

Terra Australis IncognitaSouthern ContinentMagellanica
The Admiralty's instructions did not authorize Cook to annex New Holland (Australia), as Justice Evatt indicates: the authorisation was limited to the mythical Southern Continent and to islands not previously discovered by any Europeans.

Batavia, Dutch East Indies

BataviaBatavia/Jakarta Batavia
Two months after departing Australia, the Endeavour arrived in the Dutch port of Batavia (Jakarta).

Louis Antoine de Bougainville

BougainvilleLouis-Antoine de BougainvilleLouis de Bougainville
Here the Britons were told that the French mariner Louis Bougainville, had sailed across the Pacific the previous year and, as Banks records, the French had discovered "diverse lands unknown before ... so that they probably have done some part of our work for us. Cook may have been alarmed by this news, which came at a time of furious rivalry as France and Britain raced for strategic discoveries in the South Seas. Perhaps fearing he had been pre-empted by the French, Cook is alleged to have altered his journal by turning the hilltop signal-drill into a possession ceremony, in the hope of securing British priority over any French claim to Australia.

France–United Kingdom relations

Anglo-French relationsAnglo-FrenchAnglo-French rivalry
Here the Britons were told that the French mariner Louis Bougainville, had sailed across the Pacific the previous year and, as Banks records, the French had discovered "diverse lands unknown before ... so that they probably have done some part of our work for us. Cook may have been alarmed by this news, which came at a time of furious rivalry as France and Britain raced for strategic discoveries in the South Seas. Perhaps fearing he had been pre-empted by the French, Cook is alleged to have altered his journal by turning the hilltop signal-drill into a possession ceremony, in the hope of securing British priority over any French claim to Australia.

New South Wales

NSWNew South Wales, AustraliaColony of New South Wales
In his journal, Cook wrote: "I now once more hoisted English Coulers and in the Name of His Majesty King George the Third took possession of the whole Eastern Coast...by the name New South Wales, together with all the Bays, Harbours Rivers and Islands situate upon the said coast."

Kaurareg

Kaurareg peopleMuralag
It is known as Bedanug or Bedhan Lag by the one of the indigenous Australian inhabitants, the Kaurareg though the Ankamuti were also indigenous to the island. In 2001 the Kaurareg people successfully claimed native title rights over the island (and other nearby islands).

Aboriginal title

native titleland rightsland claim
In 2001 the Kaurareg people successfully claimed native title rights over the island (and other nearby islands).

Australian frontier wars

frontier warsfrontier conflictfrontier violence
Cook wrote that he formally took possession of the east coast of New Holland on 22 August 1770 when on Possession Island off the west coast of Cape York Peninsula.

History of New South Wales

Self-government in New South WalesColony of New South WalesNew South Wales
Cook charted the East coast to its northern extent and, on 22 August, at Possession Island in the Torres Strait, Cook wrote in his journal: "I now once more hoisted English Coulers [sic] and in the Name of His Majesty King George the Third, took possession of the whole Eastern Coast from the above Latitude 38°S down to this place by the name of New South Wales."