Praxis (process)

praxispracticeprocessPhilosophy of praxispracticalpraksisprojectswhat am I to do
Praxis (from ) is the process by which a theory, lesson, or skill is enacted, embodied, or realized.wikipedia
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Theory

theoreticaltheoriestheorist
Praxis (from ) is the process by which a theory, lesson, or skill is enacted, embodied, or realized.
Hence, that word "theory" is very often contrasted to "practice" (from Greek praxis, πρᾶξις) a Greek term for doing, which is opposed to theory.

Søren Kierkegaard

KierkegaardSoren KierkegaardSøren Aabye Kierkegaard
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.
He said, "What I really need to do is to get clear about "what am I to do", not what I must know."

Paulo Freire

Paolo FreireFreireFreirean
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others. *Paulo Freire (1970), Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Continuum International Publishing Group.
Working primarily among the illiterate poor, Freire began to develop an educational praxis that would have an influence on the liberation theology movement of the 1970s.

Antonio Gramsci

GramsciGramscian(Antonio Gramsci
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others. This description of Marxism would appear again in Antonio Gramsci's Prison Notebooks and the writings of the members of the Frankfurt School.
Labriola especially propounded a brand of Hegelian Marxism that he labelled "philosophy of praxis".

Praxis intervention

praxis
In Maurizio Passerin d'Etreves's estimation, "Arendt's theory of action and her revival of the ancient notion of praxis represent one of the most original contributions to twentieth century political thought. ... Moreover, by viewing action as a mode of human togetherness, Arendt is able to develop a conception of participatory democracy which stands in direct contrast to the bureaucratized and elitist forms of politics so characteristic of the modern epoch."
Praxis was conceptualized in its reflexive and non-reflexive varieties by Karl Marx.

Apraxia

apraxiasdressing apraxiaPraxis
The partial or complete inability to do so in the absence of primary sensory or motor impairments is known as apraxia.
The term comes from the Greek ἀ- a- ("without") and πρᾶξις praxis ("action").

Hannah Arendt

ArendtArendt, HannahH Arendt
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.

August Cieszkowski

historiosophyCieszkowskihistoriosophic
Young Hegelian philosopher August Cieszkowski was one of the earliest philosophers to use the term praxis as meaning "action oriented towards changing society" in his 1838 work Prolegomena zur Historiosophie (Prolegomena to a Historiosophy).
Marx, who was a friend of and collaborator with Hess from a few years from 1841 onwards, owes various aspects of his thought on alienation and the nature of and transition to communist society to Cieszkowski, including that the dualism between consciousness and action would collapse in revolutionary praxis.

Prison Notebooks

Selection from the Prison Notebooks
This description of Marxism would appear again in Antonio Gramsci's Prison Notebooks and the writings of the members of the Frankfurt School.
In Gramsci's view, all meaning derives from the relation between human practical activity (or "praxis") and the "objective" historical and social processes of which it is a part.

Antonio Labriola

Labriola
The 19th century socialist Antonio Labriola called Marxism the "philosophy of praxis".
His description of Marxism as a "philosophy of praxis" would appear again in Gramsci's Prison Notebooks.

Spirituality

spiritualspirituallyspiritual life
Praxis is also key in meditation and spirituality, where emphasis is placed on gaining first-hand experience of concepts and certain areas, such as union with the Divine, which can only be explored through praxis due to the inability of the finite mind (and its tool, language) to comprehend or express the infinite.
It is an important concept in Buddhist praxis (Patipatti).

Pedagogy of the Oppressed

critical pedagogy in theatrePaulo FreireThe Pedagogy of the Oppressed
*Paulo Freire (1970), Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Continuum International Publishing Group.
According to Freire, freedom will be the result of praxis—informed action—when a balance between theory and practice is achieved

Theses on Feuerbach

11th Thesis11th thesis on Feuerbachphilosophers have only ''interpreted'' the world, in various ways; the point, however, is to ''change'' it
While the text wishes to retain the critical stance of German critical idealism, it transposes that criticism into practical, material, political terms.

Hexis

According to Plotinus, virtue is a hexis of the soul that is not primarily related to praxis and habituation; hexis is a quality of being in an active state of possession that intellectualizes the soul in permanent contemplation of the intelligible world (Enn.

Plato

Plato's dialoguesDialogues of PlatoPlatonic dialogues
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.

Aristotle

AristotelianAristotelesAristote
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others. The philosopher Aristotle held that there were three basic activities of humans: theoria (thinking), poiesis (making), and praxis (doing).

Augustine of Hippo

AugustineSt. AugustineSaint Augustine
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.

Francis Bacon

Sir Francis BaconBaconLord Bacon
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.

Immanuel Kant

KantKantianKant, Immanuel
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.

Karl Marx

MarxMarx, KarlMarxist
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.

Martin Heidegger

HeideggerHeideggerianHeidegger, Martin
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.

Ludwig von Mises

MisesLudwig MisesMisesian
This has been a recurrent topic in the field of philosophy, discussed in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Paulo Freire, Ludwig von Mises, and many others.

Ancient Greek

GreekClassical GreekGr.
In Ancient Greek the word praxis referred to activity engaged in by free people.

Christian contemplation

theoriacontemplative prayercontemplation
The philosopher Aristotle held that there were three basic activities of humans: theoria (thinking), poiesis (making), and praxis (doing).