Prefectures of Japan

This article covers the Japanese Prefectures.

- Prefectures of Japan

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Fu (administrative division)

Traditional administrative division of Chinese origin used in the East Asian cultural sphere, translated variously as commandery, prefecture, urban prefecture, or city.

East Asian Dragons are legendary creatures in East-Asian mythology and culture.

At present, only two fu still remain: the prefectures of Kyoto and Osaka in Japan.

Local ordinance

Law for a political division smaller than a state, i.e., a local government of a municipality, county, parish, prefecture, etc.

Drug use forbidden by local ordinance in Rotterdam, Netherlands

In Japan, ordinances (条例) may be passed by any prefecture or municipality under authority granted by Article 94 of the Constitution.


Island country in East Asia.

Legendary Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇)
Samurai warriors battling Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan, depicted in the
Emperor Meiji (明治天皇); 1852–1912
Japan's imperial ambitions ended on September 2, 1945, with the country's surrender to the Allies.
The Japanese archipelago
Mount Fuji in Spring, view from Arakurayama Sengen Park
Autumn maple leaves at Kongōbu-ji on Mount Kōya, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The National Diet Building
Japan is a member of both the G7 and the G20.
JMSDF class destroyer
The Tokyo Stock Exchange
A rice paddy in Aizu, Fukushima Prefecture
A plug-in hybrid car manufactured by Toyota. Japan is the third-largest maker of motor vehicles in the world.
The Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō) at the International Space Station
Japan Airlines, the flag carrier of Japan
The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant
The Greater Tokyo Area is ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
The torii of Itsukushima Shinto Shrine near Hiroshima
Kanji and hiragana signs
Students celebrating after the announcement of the results of the entrance examinations to the University of Tokyo
12th-century illustrated handscroll of The Tale of Genji, a National Treasure
Noh performance at a Shinto shrine
Young ladies celebrate Coming of Age Day (成人の日) in Harajuku, Tokyo
A plate of nigiri-zushi
Sumo wrestlers form around the referee during the ring-entering ceremony

Japan is divided into 47 administrative prefectures and eight traditional regions.

Provinces of Japan

Provinces of Japan (令制国) were first-level administrative divisions of Japan from the 600s to 1868.

The Provinces of Japan circa 1600, from Murdoch and Yamagata published in 1903.
Provinces of Japan in 701–702 during the Asuka period. The northern half of the modern Tōhoku region of Honshu is unorganized.
Borders of the provinces from the Kamakura period until 1868.
Hokkaidō in red.

The Provinces of Japan were replaced with the current prefecture system in the Fuhanken sanchisei during the Meiji Restoration from 1868 to 1871, except for Hokkaido, which was divided into provinces from 1869 to 1882.

Abolition of the han system

The abolition of the han system (廃藩置県) in the Empire of Japan and its replacement by a system of prefectures in 1871 was the culmination of the Meiji Restoration begun in 1868, the starting year of the Meiji period.

Municipalities of Japan

Map of all Municipalities of Japan including disputed territories.

Japan has three levels of governments: national, prefectural, and municipal.

Municipal mergers and dissolutions in Japan

Municipal mergers and dissolutions carried out in Japan (市町村合併) can take place within one municipality or between multiple municipalities and are required to be based upon consensus.

Meeting of Jyväskylä's city council in 1925

Mergers of prefectures are also planned in some regions of Japan.

Osaka Prefecture

Map of Osaka Prefecture
Osaka Prefectural Office
Sakai and Daisenryo Kofun Mozu Tomb
Diamond district in Umeda
Osaka Garden City
Osaka castle
Osaka business park
Universal Studios Japan
Kansai International Airport
Umeda Sky Building
Famous advertisement by Glico man in Dōtonbori (middle-left)
The four license plates in Osaka:
 大阪 (Ōsaka) in Northern Osaka
 なにわ (Naniwa) in Osaka City, named Naniwa as Imperial capital in antiquity
 和泉 (Izumi) in Southern Osaka≈Izumi Province+Southern Kawachi
 堺 (Sakai) in Sakai City
Panasonic Stadium Suita.

Osaka Prefecture (大阪府) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu.

Kyoto Prefecture

Nagaoka-kyō, a Capital of Japan in Otokuni Palace
Map of Kyoto Prefecture
Kyoto Station
Tōkaidō Shinkansen arriving at Kyoto Station
Railway map around southern Kyoto Prefecture.
Expressway map around southern Kyoto Prefecture. Roads and junctions under planning are shown by dotted lines.
Sanga Stadium by Kyocera.
Kyoto City
Uji City
Kameoka City
Nagaokakyō City
Maizuru City
Fukuchiyama City
Miyazu City and Aso Bay
Togetsu Bridge in Arashiyama
Heian Shrine
Japanese tea plantation
Rokkaku-dō, where a school of the Japanese flower arrangement originated from.

Kyoto Prefecture (京都府) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu.

Circuit (administrative division)

Historical political division of China and is a historical and modern administrative unit in Japan.

Borders of the commanderies of the Qin Empire.

It is currently the only prefecture of Japan named with the dō (circuit) suffix.