Premenstrual syndrome

PMSpremenstrual stress syndromepremenstrual tensionPMTpre-menstrual tensionPremenstrual tension syndromeP.M.S.Peyton Marie SawyerPMSingpremenstrual-like symptoms
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman's period.wikipedia
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Menstruation

periodmensesmenstruating
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman's period.
These may interfere with normal life, therefore qualifying as premenstrual syndrome, in 20 to 30% of women.

Menstrual cycle

menstrual periodmenstrualmenstruating
Emotional symptoms must not be present during the initial part of the menstrual cycle.
These symptoms interfere with normal life and therefore qualify as premenstrual syndrome in 20 to 30% of women.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

PMDDdysphoric disorderpremenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a more severe form of PMS that has greater psychological symptoms.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and disabling form of premenstrual syndrome affecting 1.8–5.8% of menstruating women.

Acne

acne vulgariscystic acneAcne scarring
Common symptoms include acne, tender breasts, bloating, feeling tired, irritability, and mood changes.
While the connection between acne and stress has been debated, some research indicates that increased severity is associated with high stress levels in certain contexts such as hormonal changes seen in premenstrual syndrome.

Menstrual psychosis

Menstrual exacerbation (including menstrual psychosis)premenstrual exacerbationpremenstrual exacerbation" or "menstrual psychosis
Menstrual psychosis typically occurs before or during menstruation.
Katharina Dalton coined the term premenstrual syndrome and did much to study the premenstrual phase in women.

Sertraline

ZoloftLustralSertraline Hydrochloride
SSRIs like fluoxetine, sertraline can be used to treat severe PMS.
SSRIs, including sertraline, reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.

Oenothera biennis

evening primrose oilCommon evening primroseOenethera biennis
Evening primrose oil may be useful.
Symptoms and diseases like endogenous eczema, the Sjögren-syndrome, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), polyarthritis, multiple sclerosis and menopausal symptoms can be induced by a prostaglandin shortage.

Culture-bound syndrome

culture-specific syndromeculture-boundCulture-bound syndromes
Some supporters of PMS as a social construct believe PMDD and PMS to be unrelated issues: according to them, PMDD is a product of brain chemistry, and PMS is a product of a hypochondriatic culture, i.e. a culture-bound syndrome.
Some researchers have suggested that both premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and the more severe premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), which have currently unknown physical mechanisms, are Western culture-bound syndromes.

Pregnancy

pregnantfirst trimesterpregnant women
Symptoms do not occur during pregnancy or following menopause.

Ovulation

ovulateovulatingovulated
Diagnosis requires a consistent pattern of emotional and physical symptoms occurring after ovulation and before menstruation to a degree that interferes with normal life.

Ethanol

alcoholbioethanolethyl alcohol
Some symptoms may be worsened by a high-salt diet, alcohol, or caffeine.

Caffeine

caffeinatedHealth effects of caffeineNo-Doz
Some symptoms may be worsened by a high-salt diet, alcohol, or caffeine.

Psychological stress

stressstressfulmental stress
Reducing salt, caffeine, and stress along with increasing exercise is typically all that is recommended in those with mild symptoms.

Calcium

CaCa 2+ calcium ions
Calcium and vitamin D supplementation may be useful in some.

Vitamin D

DCalciferol1,25 Dihydroxy vitamin D
Calcium and vitamin D supplementation may be useful in some.

Naproxen

Alevenaproxen sodiumAnaprox
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen may help with physical symptoms.

Diuretic

diureticsdiuretic medicationsdiuretic use
In those with more significant symptoms birth control pills or the diuretic spironolactone may be useful.

Spironolactone

AldactoneAldactazideSpironalactone
In those with more significant symptoms birth control pills or the diuretic spironolactone may be useful.

Symptom

symptomsnon-specific symptomssymptomatic
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman's period. Common emotional and non-specific symptoms include stress, anxiety, difficulty with sleep, headache, feeling tired, mood swings, increased emotional sensitivity, and changes in interest in sex.

Stress (biology)

stressenvironmental stressemotional stress
Common emotional and non-specific symptoms include stress, anxiety, difficulty with sleep, headache, feeling tired, mood swings, increased emotional sensitivity, and changes in interest in sex.

Anxiety

anxiousnervousnessanxieties
Common emotional and non-specific symptoms include stress, anxiety, difficulty with sleep, headache, feeling tired, mood swings, increased emotional sensitivity, and changes in interest in sex.

Insomnia

trouble sleepingsleeplessnessdifficulty sleeping
Common emotional and non-specific symptoms include stress, anxiety, difficulty with sleep, headache, feeling tired, mood swings, increased emotional sensitivity, and changes in interest in sex.

Headache

headacheschronic headacheheadach
Common emotional and non-specific symptoms include stress, anxiety, difficulty with sleep, headache, feeling tired, mood swings, increased emotional sensitivity, and changes in interest in sex.

Fatigue

exhaustionOverexertiontiredness
Common emotional and non-specific symptoms include stress, anxiety, difficulty with sleep, headache, feeling tired, mood swings, increased emotional sensitivity, and changes in interest in sex.

Libido

sex drivesexual desirelibidinal
Common emotional and non-specific symptoms include stress, anxiety, difficulty with sleep, headache, feeling tired, mood swings, increased emotional sensitivity, and changes in interest in sex.