Preschool

pre-schoolnursery schoolnurseryearly learningpreschool educationnurseriespreschoolspreschoolersPpre-school education
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.wikipedia
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Kindergarten

KYear Kkindergartens
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school. *Kindergarten (US) from 5 to 6 years old- held in a Nursery School and/or some primary elementary schools; in many parts of world (less so in English speaking countries) its refer to the first stages of formal education.
Kindergarten (, ; from German ) is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school.

School

schoolsschoolingnight school
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.
Kindergarten or preschool provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5).

Early childhood education

early childhoodEEchild education
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.
In recent years, early childhood education has become a prevalent public policy issue, as municipal, state, and federal lawmakers consider funding for preschool and pre-K.

Pre-kindergarten

Pre-KPKPreK
*Pre-K (or Pre-Kindergarten) from 4 to 5 years old- held in Nursery School and is an initiative to improve access to pre-primary schools for children in the USA.
Pre-kindergarten (also called Pre-K or PK) is a classroom-based preschool program for children below the age of five in the United States, Canada and Turkey (when kindergarten starts).

Educational stage

gradesgradegrade level
*Kindergarten (US) from 5 to 6 years old- held in a Nursery School and/or some primary elementary schools; in many parts of world (less so in English speaking countries) its refer to the first stages of formal education.
However, most children receive a preschool education spanning two to three years before entering primary school after which they will move on to a secondary school, where Sec 5 is only made compulsory for students who have achieved a determined score for their PSLE.

Head Start (program)

Head StartHead Start ProgramProject Head Start
Head Start was the first publicly funded preschool program in the US, created in 1965 by President Johnson for low-income families—only 10% of children were then enrolled in preschool. Preschools have adopted various methods of teaching, such as Montessori, Waldorf, Head Start, HighScope, Reggio Emilia approach, Bank Street and Forest kindergartens.
The transition from preschool to elementary school imposes diverse developmental challenges that include requiring the children to engage successfully with their peers outside the family network, adjust to the space of a classroom, and meet the expectations the school setting provides.

Teréz Brunszvik

Thérèse von BrunswickTheresa BrunszvikBrunszvik
Countess Theresa Brunszvik (1775–1861), who had known and been influenced by Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, was influenced by this example to open an Angyalkert ('angel garden' in Hungarian) on 27 May 1828 in her residence in Buda, the first of eleven care centers that she founded for young children.
She was the founder of nursery schools in Hungary on July 1, 1828, after Robert Owen's example set in New Lanark, Scotland in 1816.

Reggio Emilia approach

Reggio EmiliaReggioReggio Emilia philosophy
Preschools have adopted various methods of teaching, such as Montessori, Waldorf, Head Start, HighScope, Reggio Emilia approach, Bank Street and Forest kindergartens.
The Reggio Emilia approach is an educational philosophy focused on preschool and primary education.

Forest kindergarten

kindergartenswood" group
Preschools have adopted various methods of teaching, such as Montessori, Waldorf, Head Start, HighScope, Reggio Emilia approach, Bank Street and Forest kindergartens.
A forest kindergarten is a type of preschool education for children between the ages of three and six that is held almost exclusively outdoors.

Waldorf education

Waldorf schoolWaldorfSteiner School
Preschools have adopted various methods of teaching, such as Montessori, Waldorf, Head Start, HighScope, Reggio Emilia approach, Bank Street and Forest kindergartens.
Waldorf preschools employ a regular daily routine that includes free play, artistic work (e.g. drawing, painting or modeling), circle time (songs, games, and stories), and practical tasks (e.g. cooking, cleaning, and gardening), with rhythmic variations.

Universal preschool

Universal Pre-KindergartenUniversal Pre-KPre-K
The Universal Preschool movement is an international effort to make preschool available to families, as it is for primary education.
Universal preschool is an international movement to use public funding to ensure high quality preschool (pre-k) is available to all families.

Child care

day carechildcaredaycare
Professional caregivers work within the context of a center-based care (including crèches, daycare, preschools and schools) or a home-based care (nannies or family daycare).

Miriam Roth

Miriam Rut
Miriam Roth (Hebrew: מרים רות; January 16, 1910 – November 13, 2005) was a preeminent pioneer of Israeli preschool education, author and scholar of children's literature, with a long career as a kindergarten teacher and educator.

Pedagogy

pedagoguepedagogicalpedagogic
In 1816, Robert Owen, a philosopher and pedagogue, opened the first British and probably globally the first infant school in New Lanark, Scotland.
In Scandinavia, a pedagogue (pædagog) is broadly speaking a practitioner of pedagogy, but the term is primarily reserved for individuals who occupy jobs in pre-school education (such as kindergartens and nurseries).

Reception (school)

Receptionreception classR
It comes after nursery and before Year One in England and Wales or Primary 2 in Northern Ireland.

National Association for the Education of Young Children

NAEYCNational Association for Nursery EducationNational Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)
In the United States, most preschool advocates support the National Association for the Education of Young Children's Developmentally Appropriate Practices.

Learning space

contemporary learning spaceslearning spaceseducational setting
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.

Compulsory education

compulsorycompulsory schoolingmass education
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.

International Standard Classification of Education

ISCEDISCED Level 22011 version
In some European countries the term "kindergarten" refers to formal education of children classified as ISCED level 0 – with one or several years of such education being compulsory – before children start primary school at ISCED level 1.

J. F. Oberlin

Jean-Frédéric OberlinJohann Friedrich OberlinJean Frédéric Oberlin
In 1779, Johann Friedrich Oberlin and Louise Scheppler founded in Strassbourg an early establishment for caring for and educating pre-school children whose parents were absent during the day.

Strasbourg

StrassburgStraßburgStrasbourg, France
In 1779, Johann Friedrich Oberlin and Louise Scheppler founded in Strassbourg an early establishment for caring for and educating pre-school children whose parents were absent during the day.

Bavaria

BayernFree State of BavariaBavarian
At about the same time, in 1780, similar infant establishments were established in Bavaria In 1802, Pauline zur Lippe established a preschool center in Detmold.

Detmold

Detmold, GermanyPivitsheideSchloss Detmold
At about the same time, in 1780, similar infant establishments were established in Bavaria In 1802, Pauline zur Lippe established a preschool center in Detmold.

Robert Owen

OwenOweniteMr Owen
In 1816, Robert Owen, a philosopher and pedagogue, opened the first British and probably globally the first infant school in New Lanark, Scotland.