Prescription drug

prescriptionprescription drugsprescription medicationprescription medicineprescriptionsprescribeddrugsprescription-onlyprescription medicationsprescription only medicine
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.wikipedia
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Medication

pharmaceuticalpharmaceuticalspharmaceutical drug
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.
One of the key divisions is by level of control, which distinguishes prescription drugs (those that a pharmacist dispenses only on the order of a physician, physician assistant, or qualified nurse) from over-the-counter drugs (those that consumers can order for themselves).

Medical prescription

prescriptionprescriptionsprescribed
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.
The term often refers to a health care provider's written authorization for a patient to purchase a prescription drug from a pharmacist.

Over-the-counter drug

over-the-counterover the counterOTC
In contrast, over-the-counter drugs can be obtained without a prescription.
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.

Controlled substance

controlled substancescontrolledillegal substance
The reason for this difference in substance control is the potential scope of misuse, from drug abuse to practicing medicine without a license and without sufficient education.
A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated by law.

Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme

PBSPharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee
Many prescriptions issued by health practitioners in Australia are covered by the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, a scheme that provides subsidised prescription drugs to residents of Australia to ensure that all Australians have affordable and reliable access to a wide range of necessary medicines.
The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) is a program of the Australian Government that provides subsidised prescription drugs to residents of Australia, as well as certain foreign visitors covered by a Reciprocal Health Care Agreement.

Substance abuse

drug abusedrug useabuse
The reason for this difference in substance control is the potential scope of misuse, from drug abuse to practicing medicine without a license and without sufficient education.
Drug misuse is a term used commonly when prescription medication with sedative, anxiolytic, analgesic, or stimulant properties are used for mood alteration or intoxication ignoring the fact that overdose of such medicines can sometimes have serious adverse effects.

Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons

Poisons StandardSchedule 8Schedule 9
In Australia, the Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP) governs the manufacture and supply of drugs with several categories:

Prescription Drug Marketing Act

Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987
The safety and the effectiveness of prescription drugs in the US are regulated by the 1987 Prescription Drug Marketing Act (PDMA).
It establishes legal safeguards for prescription drug distribution to ensure safe and effective pharmaceuticals and is designed to discourage the sale of counterfeit, adulterated, misbranded, subpotent, and expired prescription drugs.

Medicines Act 1968

Medicines Act
The Act defines three categories of medicine: prescription only medicines (POM), which are available only from a pharmacist if prescribed by an appropriate practitioner; pharmacy medicines (P), available only from a pharmacist but without a prescription; and general sales list (GSL) medicines which may be bought from any shop without a prescription.

Off-label use

off-labeloff labeloff-label marketing
Physicians may legally prescribe drugs for uses other than those specified in the FDA approval, known as off-label use.
Both prescription drugs and over-the-counter drugs (OTCs) can be used in off-label ways, although most studies of off-label use focus on prescription drugs.

Herbal medicine

herbalistherbalismherbal remedies
Herbal preparations, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, and other food supplements are regulated by the FDA as dietary supplements.
The undisclosed additives included "unapproved antidepressants and designer steroids", as well as prescription drugs, such as sildenafil or sibutramine.

Prescription charges

NHS prescriptionprescription chargea maximum fee for a prescription drug of 5 PLN
Most prescriptions are NHS prescriptions, subject to a standard charge that is unrelated to what is dispensed.

Food and Drug Administration

FDAU.S. Food and Drug AdministrationUnited States Food and Drug Administration
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is charged with implementing the law.
The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the control and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs (medications), vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices (ERED), cosmetics, animal foods & feed and veterinary products.

Pill splitting

gastrointestinal therapeutic systemPill splitterpill-splitters
It is unsafe to split some prescription medications.

Medication package insert

package insertSummary of Product Characteristicslabel
For prescription medications, the insert is technical, providing information for medical professionals about how to prescribe the drug.

Drug policy

drugs policydrugdrug legislation
Most jurisdictions also regulate prescription drugs, medicinal drugs not considered dangerous but that can only be supplied to holders of a medical prescription, and sometimes drugs available without prescription but only from an approved supplier such as a pharmacy, but this is not usually described as a "drug policy".

Pharmacy automation

Pharmacy Automation - The Tablet CounterAutomated pill counterelectronic pill counter
The pharmacist dispensed prescriptions in tablet or capsule form with a simple tray and spatula.

Regulation of therapeutic goods

drug regulationapprovedClass A
Therapeutic goods in the United States are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which makes some drugs available over the counter (OTC) at retail outlets and others by prescription only.

Prescription drug prices in the United States

prescription drug pricesCostcost of prescription drugs
The high costs of specialty pharmaceuticals, in addition to the generally high costs of prescription drugs in the United States, have generated a great deal of debate.

Medication costs

Prescription costsprice of a medicationcost of prescription drugs
Prices for prescription drugs vary widely around the world.

Practicing without a license

practicing medicine without a licenseunlicensedpracticing dentistry without a license
The reason for this difference in substance control is the potential scope of misuse, from drug abuse to practicing medicine without a license and without sufficient education.

Monograph

monographsmonographymonographic
Prescription drugs are often dispensed together with a monograph (in Europe, a Patient Information Leaflet or PIL) that gives detailed information about the drug.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
In Australia, the Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP) governs the manufacture and supply of drugs with several categories:

Health professional

health care providerhealthcare professionalshealth care professionals
Like in the UK, the patient visits a health practitioner, (doctor, nurse, dentist, pediatrist, etc.,), who may prescribe the drug.

Australian dollar

A$$AUD
When purchasing a drug under the PBS, the consumer pays no more than the patient co-payment contribution, which, as of January 1, 2019, is A$40.30 for general patients.