Presenteeism

Presenteeism or working while sick can cause productivity loss, poor health, exhaustion and workplace epidemics.wikipedia
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Workaholic

workaholismaddicted to studyingcompulsion to work
People whose self-esteem is based on performance, as well as workaholics, typically have high levels of presenteeism.
Presenteeism

Permanent employment

lifetime employmentpermanent employeesDirect
Temporary and permanent employment are often considered when examining the antecedents of presenteeism.
Presenteeism

Fatigue

exhaustionOverexertionfeeling tired
Exhaustion and future poor health are often other consequences of presenteeism.
Presenteeism

Leaveism

Leaveism
Hesketh's research, which centred on well-being in the UK police service, sought to identify a lacuna in current thinking around absenteeism and presenteeism; of which there is a plethora of academic study and commentary.

Work–life balance

work-life balancework-lifework life balance
Work–life balance
Presenteeism

Perfect attendance award

Perfect attendance award
However, some believe that offering a perfect attendance award promotes presenteeism and hurts public health by causing students to attend class when sick with a potentially contagious illness, while punishing those who make the decision to stay home to recover.

Disease

morbidityillnessdiseases
Presenteeism or working while sick can cause productivity loss, poor health, exhaustion and workplace epidemics.

Productivity

productiveproductivity growtheconomic productivity
Presenteeism or working while sick can cause productivity loss, poor health, exhaustion and workplace epidemics.

Workplace

work environmentjob siteplace of employment
Presenteeism or working while sick can cause productivity loss, poor health, exhaustion and workplace epidemics.

Epidemic

epidemicsplaguepestilence
Presenteeism or working while sick can cause productivity loss, poor health, exhaustion and workplace epidemics.

Absenteeism

absencelate one more timeAbsences
While the contrasting subject of absenteeism has historically received extensive attention in the management sciences, presenteeism has only recently been studied.

Management science

Management SciencesmanagementManagement scientist
While the contrasting subject of absenteeism has historically received extensive attention in the management sciences, presenteeism has only recently been studied.

Welfare

social welfarepublic assistancesocial assistance
Certain occupations such as welfare and teaching are more prone to presenteeism.

Job security

job insecuritysecureEmployment Security Act
More specifically, researchers have studied these positions with the thought that lack of job security will cause those who do not have permanent positions to come to work more often even if they are sick.

Stress (biology)

stressenvironmental stressstresses
Outside of education and healthcare, most of the occupations had lower rates of presenteeism; however, the results did suggest that higher risks jobs, which had more physical workload and stress, saw increased levels of presenteeism.

Sick leave

paid sick daysmedical leavesick pay
In some cases, general practitioners did not want to burden their partners, and many felt a strong commitment to the job that prevented them from taking sick leave.
Presenteeism

Workload

multiple resource theorywork loadworkload and overload
Jobs that have large workloads and many demands are often associated with higher levels of presenteeism.

Self-esteem

self-worthself esteemself-respect
Performance-based self-esteem (PBSE) has also been considered another antecedent of presenteeism.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NIOSHNational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety
A 2012 study from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health showed that workers with access to paid sick leave were 28% less likely overall to suffer nonfatal injuries than workers without access to paid sick leave.

Job performance

performancework performance performance
This self-report measure acquires information about respondents’ health conditions and has them provide perceptions of their job performance.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
In the United States, one other proposed response has been to require that paid sick and family leave be provided to all workers.

San Francisco

San Francisco, CaliforniaSan Francisco, CACity and County of San Francisco
In November 2006, San Francisco became the first jurisdiction to pass such a law.

Telecommuting

teleworktelecommuteteleworking
Specifically, how does presenteeism relate to telework?

Construct validity

validity validconstruct
The author claimed that many of the definitions lack utility and that the term is most often defined as going to work while ill. He further noted that definitions of presenteeism, which are centered on attending work while sick, have received more evidence of construct validity.