Presidency of George W. Bush

The 2000 electoral college vote
Outgoing President Bill Clinton and President-elect George W. Bush in the Oval Office on December 19, 2000
Bush appointed John Roberts as Chief Justice of the United States
President George W. Bush signs the No Child Left Behind Act.
President George W. Bush discussing Social Security in 2005
New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin, Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco, President Bush and Louisiana Senator David Vitter meet September 2, 2005 in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
President George W. Bush outlining his comprehensive immigration reform proposal in a television address.
Vice President Dick Cheney
Cabinet meeting
President of the Palestinian Authority Mahmoud Abbas, President Bush, and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon in June 2003.
President Bush speaks with Vice President Dick Cheney aboard Air Force One, September 11, 2001
Bush with Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai
Map of the Middle East, including Iraq.
President Bush announces the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom, March 2003
President Bush and Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki shake hands in July 2006
President George W. Bush discussing the Israeli–Palestinian issue with various world leaders.
CAFTA-DR established a free trade are between the United States and several countries in Latin America
President Bush announcing his nomination of Alberto Gonzales as the next U.S. Attorney General, November 10, 2004
Bush defeated Democrat John Kerry in the 2004 presidential election.
Democrat Barack Obama defeated Republican John McCain in the 2008 presidential election.
Graph of Bush's approval ratings in Gallup polls

George W. Bush's tenure as the 43rd president of the United States began with his first inauguration on January 20, 2001, and ended on January 20, 2009.

- Presidency of George W. Bush

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War on terror

Term that refers to an ongoing international military campaign launched by the United States government following the September 11 attacks.

Letter from Barack Obama indicating appropriation of Congressional funds for "Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism"
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Campaign streamer awarded to units who have participated in Operation Enduring Freedom
U.S. Army soldier of the 10th Mountain Division in Nuristan Province, June 2007
An American soldier in Afghanistan's Khost Province
U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard B. Myers and joined by military representatives from 29 countries of the worldwide coalition on the war against terrorism, at The Pentagon, 11 March 2002.
Map of countries contributing troops to ISAF as of 5 March 2010. Major contributors (over 1000 troops) in dark green, other contributors in light green, and former contributors in magenta.
U.S. Special Forces soldier and infantrymen of the Philippine Army
A map of the conflict in northern Mali
A British C-130J Hercules aircraft launches flare countermeasures before being the first coalition aircraft to land on the newly reopened military runway at Baghdad International Airport.
An ABC News display board in New York City shows a headline relating to Osama bin Laden's death.
U.S. soldiers in Syria during Operation Inherent Resolve
An AV-8B Harrier takes off from the flight deck of USS Wasp (LHD-1) during Operation Odyssey Lightning, 8 August 2016.
Political map: the Kashmir region districts
The United Kingdom was the second-largest contributor of troops in Afghanistan.
A U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement helicopter patrols the airspace over New York City.
John Walker Lindh was captured as an enemy combatant during the United States' 2001 invasion of Afghanistan.
Alleged "extraordinary rendition" illegal flights of the CIA, as reported by Rzeczpospolita
CIA's Extraordinary Rendition and Detention Program – countries involved in the Program, according to the 2013 Open Society Foundations' report on torture.
Detainees upon arrival at Camp X-Ray, January 2002
Children wounded by American airstrikes in Afghanistan's Surkh-Rōd District in 2001
Participants in a rally, dressed as hooded detainees

The term was immediately criticized by people such as Richard B. Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and more nuanced terms subsequently came to be used by the Bush administration to publicly define the international campaign led by the United States.

Condoleezza Rice

American diplomat and political scientist who is the current director of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University.

Official portrait, February 2005
Condoleezza Rice during a 2005 interview on ITV in London
Rice, Secretary of State Colin Powell, and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld listen to President George W. Bush speak about the Middle East on June 24, 2002
President Bush addresses the media at the Pentagon on September 17, 2001
Cheney, Rice and Rumsfeld participate in a video conference with President Bush and Iraqi PM Maliki in 2006
Rice signs official papers after receiving the oath of office during her ceremonial swearing in at the Department of State. Watching are, from left, Laura Bush, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, President George W. Bush.
Condoleezza Rice visits Governor General of Canada Michaëlle Jean in Ottawa, Ontario.
Rice with Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal in 2006
Condoleezza Rice speaks with Vladimir Putin during her April 2005 trip to Russia.
Rice with President Donald Trump, March 31, 2017
Rice meets with Afghan Foreign Minister Rangin Dadfar Spanta to discuss anti-terrorism efforts, 2006
Rice chats with a member of the Saudi Royal Family after welcoming the new king Salman of Saudi Arabia, January 27, 2015
President Bush signing bill for Rosa Parks statue at Statuary Hall, Washington, D.C.
Rice greets U.S. military personnel at the American Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, on May 15, 2005.
Rice makes an appearance at Boston College, where she is greeted by Father William Leahy.
Rice's approval ratings from January 2005 to September 2006
Rice and Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer participate in a news conference at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California, 2007.
Yo-Yo Ma and Rice after performing together at the 2001 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Awards, April 22, 2002

On December 17, 2000, she joined the Bush administration as President George W. Bush's national security advisor.

John Ashcroft

Ashcroft with President Ronald Reagan in 1984
Ashcroft's official portrait as governor
Ashcroft with President George H. W. Bush in 1991
Missouri Governor John Ashcroft and First Lady Barbara Bush with a "Parents as Teachers" group at the Greater St. Louis Ferguson-Florissant School District in October 1991. Mrs. Bush (in rocking chair) is reading Brown Bear, Brown Bear to the children.
Ashcroft's official portrait as Senator
United States Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge and John Ashcroft in 2004 in Washington, D.C.
President George W. Bush meets with Attorney General John Ashcroft in the Oval Office on March 11, 2003
Ashcroft in 2005
Ashcroft delivers the key note speech at the Eagles Summit Ranch dedication ceremony in 2007
John Ashcroft at CPAC in February 2010
Ashcroft in 2018
Ashcroft in 1986

John David Ashcroft (born May 9, 1942) is an American lawyer, lobbyist, and former politician who served as the 79th U.S. Attorney General in the George W. Bush Administration, Senator from Missouri, and Governor of Missouri.

Dick Cheney

American politician and businessman who served as the 46th vice president of the United States from 2001 to 2009 under president George W. Bush.

Official portrait, 2004
Cheney (r.) greets former Pres. Nixon with O.E.O. Director Rumsfeld, 1970.
Rumsfeld, Pres. Ford and Cheney, 1975
Cheney with staffer, 1976
White House Chief of Staff Cheney, 1976
Representative Cheney in 1984
Cheney meets with President Ronald Reagan, July 1983
Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney, 1989–1993
Secretary Cheney with President Bush, 1991
Secretary of Defense Cheney delivering a speech before the launch of destroyer USS Arleigh Burke
Secretary of Defense Cheney during a press conference on the Gulf War
Cheney meets with Prince Sultan, Minister of Defence and Aviation in Saudi Arabia to discuss how to handle the invasion of Kuwait
Bush meets with Robert Gates, General Colin Powell, Secretary Cheney and others about the situation in the Persian Gulf and Operation Desert Shield, January 15, 1991
Cheney watching the initial 9/11 attack
Cheney speaks to US troops at Camp Anaconda, Iraq in 2008
President of Lithuania Valdas Adamkus (right) meets with Vice President Cheney in Vilnius, May 2006
Vice President Cheney (far right) with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and President Bush
Handwritten note above Joe Wilson's editorial by Cheney referring to the covert agent before the leak took place
Vice President Cheney speaks to the press flanked by fellow Republicans Mitch McConnell (left) and Trent Lott (right), April 2007
Pope Benedict XVI, Vice President Dick Cheney and Mrs. Lynne Cheney at a farewell ceremony for the Pope at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York.
Vice President Cheney escorts former first lady Nancy Reagan at the commissioning ceremony of the USS Ronald Reagan, 2003
Cheney walks with Saudi Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz, May 2007
Cheney speaking at CPAC in February 2011
Cheney attending his daughter Liz's ceremonial congressional swearing-in ceremony in January 2017
Cheney attending the state funeral of George H. W. Bush in December 2018
Cheney in 2012, promoting his book

During Cheney's tenure as vice president, he played a leading behind-the-scenes role in the George W. Bush administration's response to the September 11 attacks and coordination of the Global War on Terrorism.

2003 invasion of Iraq

The first stage of the Iraq War.

Gen. Anthony C. Zinni briefs reporters at The Pentagon following Operation Desert Fox, 21 December 1998
A UN weapons inspector in Iraq, 2002.
Two US F-16 Fighting Falcons prepare to depart Prince Sultan Air Base in Saudi Arabia for a patrol as part of Operation Southern Watch, 2000.
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George W. Bush addressed the General Assembly of the United Nations on 12 September 2002 to outline the complaints of the United States government against the Iraqi government.
From left: French President Jacques Chirac, US President George W. Bush, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Italian Prime minister Silvio Berlusconi at the G8 Summit at Evian, France. Chirac opposed the invasion; the other three leaders supported it.
Anti war protest in London, 2002
60,000–200,000 protesters of various ages demonstrated in San Francisco, 15 February 2003
José Manuel Durão Barroso, Tony Blair, George W. Bush and José María Aznar on 16 March 2003
U.S. President George W. Bush meets with his top advisors on 19 March 2003 just before the invasion
Colin Powell holding a model vial of anthrax while giving presentation to the United Nations Security Council on 5 February 2003 (still photograph captured from video clip, The White House/CNN)
President George Bush, surrounded by leaders of the House and Senate, announces the Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq, 2 October 2002.
President George W. Bush addresses the nation from the Oval Office, 19 March 2003, to announce the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Tony Blair (left) and George W. Bush at Camp David in March 2003, during the build-up to the invasion of Iraq
Kurdish areas in Northern Iraq
US Marine M1A1 tank is off-loaded from a US Navy LCAC in Kuwait in February 2003
T-72 Lion of Babylon (Asad Babil)
US invasion: 20–28 March 2003
US invasion: 29 March – 7 April 2003
Routes and major battles fought by invasion force and afterwards
Carrier Air Wing Two (CVW-2) mission briefing aboard USS Constellation (CV-64), 21 March 2003.
Wingtip vortices are visible trailing from an F-15E as it disengages from midair refueling with a KC-10 during Operation Iraqi Freedom
NASA Landsat 7 image of Baghdad, 2 April 2003. The dark streaks are smoke from oil well fires set in an attempt to hinder attacking air forces
A U.S. amphibious fighting vehicle destroyed near Nasiriyah
A U.S. soldier stands guard duty near a burning oil well in the Rumaila oil field, 2 April 2003
Destroyed Iraqi T-72 tank on Highway 9 outside Najaf
British soldiers engage Iraqi Army positions with their 81mm Mortars south of Basra, 26 March 2003.
A T72 Asad Babil abandoned after facing the final U.S. thrust into Baghdad
The northern front during March and April 2003
Aftermath of Battle
Peshmerga, U.S. Special Operations
A squad leader with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (15th MEU (SOC))
The destroyed remains of Iraqi tanks and other armored vehicles litter an Iraqi military complex west of Diwaniyah
A combat camera video shows the 1 April 2003 footage of PFC Jessica Lynch on a stretcher during her rescue from Iraq.
U.S. Army M1A1 Abrams tanks and their crews pose for a photo in front of the "Victory Arch" monument at Baghdad's Ceremony Square in November 2003.
An American M1 Abrams tank destroyed in Baghdad
Marines from 1st Battalion 7th Marines enter a palace during the Battle of Baghdad
The April 2003 toppling of Saddam Hussein's statue in Firdos Square in Baghdad shortly after the capture of the city
USS Abraham Lincoln returning to port carrying its Mission Accomplished banner
The "Coalition of the willing" named by the US State Department in 2003.
Polish GROM troops pose immediately after the port's capture during the Battle of Umm Qasr.
Aircraft of the USAF 379th Air Expeditionary Wing and UK and Australian counterparts stationed together at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, in southwest Asia, fly over the desert on 14 April 2003. Aircraft include KC-135 Stratotanker, F-15E Strike Eagle, F-117 Nighthawk, F-16CJ Falcon, British GR-4 Tornado, and Australian F/A-18 Hornet
A study found that in the lead up to the Iraq War, most U.S. sources were overwhelmingly in favor of the invasion.
Poland was part of the "coalition of the willing"
Members of the RAN Clearance Diving Team Three and an Australian Army LCM-8 inspecting camouflaged mines, 21 March 2003.

After leaving the George W. Bush administration, Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill said that an attack on Iraq had been planned since Bush's inauguration and that the first United States National Security Council meeting involved discussion of an invasion.

Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy

Alberto Gonzales
Harriet Miers
Karl Rove

On December 7, 2006, the George W. Bush Administration's Department of Justice ordered the unprecedented midterm dismissal of seven United States attorneys.

White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships

Office within the White House Office that is part of the Executive Office of the President of the United States.

Former White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives building on Jackson Place in Washington, D.C.
President Barack Obama greets and thanks members of the President's Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships during a drop by in the Roosevelt Room of the White House, March 9, 2010.

DiIulio later left the office and became a critic of the Bush administration.

White House Chief of Staff

Head of the Executive Office of the President of the United States and a cabinet position, in the federal government of the United States.

President Joe Biden walks with Chief of Staff Ron Klain along the Colonnade of the White House.
Chief of Staff Jack Watson (1980–1981) meets with President Jimmy Carter in the Oval Office.
President George H. W. Bush sits at his desk in the Oval Office Study as Chief of Staff John Sununu stands nearby.
Chief of Staff Reince Priebus looks into the Oval Office as President Donald Trump reads over his notes.
President Barack Obama meets with White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel in the Oval Office.

Donald Rumsfeld was another chief of staff for Ford and subsequently served as secretary of defense both in the Ford administration and decades later in the George W. Bush administration.

Iraq and weapons of mass destruction

Iraq actively researched and later employed weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) from 1962 to 1991, when it destroyed its chemical weapons stockpile and halted its biological and nuclear weapon programs as required by the United Nations Security Council.

Baghdad Nuclear Research Facility – 10 March 1991. The Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center, Baghdad, Post-strike.
February 5, 2003 – United States Secretary of State Colin Powell holding a model vial of anthrax while giving the presentation to the United Nations Security Council.
President George W. Bush addresses the nation from the Oval Office, March 19, 2003, to announce the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom. "The people of the United States and our friends and allies will not live at the mercy of an outlaw regime that threatens the peace with weapons of mass murder." The Senate committee found that many of the administration's pre-war statements about Iraqi WMD were not supported by the underlying intelligence.
Presentation slide used by U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell at the UN Security Council in the lead up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq

During the 2002–2003 build-up to war, Ritter criticized the Bush administration and maintained that it had provided no credible evidence that Iraq had reconstituted a significant WMD capability.

List of ambassadors of the United States to the United Nations

Leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations.

It was not a Cabinet-level position under the George W. Bush administration (from 2001 to 2009), but was once again elevated under the Obama administration, and initially retained as such by the Trump administration.