Presidency of Ronald Reagan

Reagan administrationReagan RevolutionReaganRonald Reagan administrationReagan White HouseadministrationpresidencyRonald ReaganPresident Ronald ReaganRonald Reagan's presidency
The presidency of Ronald Reagan began at noon EST on January 20, 1981, when Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as the 40th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 1989.wikipedia
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Edwin Meese

Edwin Meese IIIEd MeeseEd Meeses
Baker, Deputy Chief of Staff Michael Deaver, and Counselor Edwin Meese formed the "troika," the key White House staffers early in Reagan's presidency.
Edwin Meese III (born December 2, 1931) is an American attorney, law professor, author and member of the Republican Party who served in official capacities within the Ronald Reagan Gubernatorial Administration (1967–1974), the Reagan Presidential Transition Team (1980) and the Reagan White House (1981–1985), eventually rising to hold the position of the 75th United States Attorney General (1985–1988), a position from which he resigned following the Wedtech scandal.

Donald Regan

Donald T. ReganDon ReganRegan
Other major Cabinet appointees included Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger, a former Nixon cabinet official who would preside over an increase in defense spending, and Secretary of the Treasury Donald Regan, a bank executive.
In the Reagan administration, he advocated "Reaganomics" and tax cuts as a means to create jobs and to stimulate production.

Frank Carlucci

Frank C. Carlucci IIIFrank C. CarlucciCarlucci
Carlucci served in a variety of senior-level governmental positions, including Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity in the Richard Nixon administration, Deputy Director of the CIA in the Jimmy Carter administration, and Deputy Secretary of Defense and National Security Advisor in the Reagan administration.

1980 United States elections

1980 elections1980United States elections, 1980
In the concurrent congressional elections, Republicans took control of the Senate for the first time since the 1950s, while Democrats retained control of the House of Representatives.
The election is sometimes referred to as part of the "Reagan Revolution", a conservative realignment in U.S. politics, and marked the start of the Reagan Era.

White House Deputy Chief of Staff

Deputy White House Chief of StaffDeputy Chief of StaffWhite House Principal Deputy Chief of Staff
Baker, Deputy Chief of Staff Michael Deaver, and Counselor Edwin Meese formed the "troika," the key White House staffers early in Reagan's presidency.

Arthur Laffer

Art LafferArthur B. LafferLaffer Associates
Reagan's taxation policies resembled those instituted by President Calvin Coolidge and Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon in the 1920s, but Reagan was also strongly influenced by contemporary economists such as Arthur Laffer, who rejected the then-dominant views of Keynesian economists.
Arthur Betz Laffer (born August 14, 1940) is an American economist and author who first gained prominence during the Reagan administration as a member of Reagan's Economic Policy Advisory Board (1981–89).

Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination

nominatesnominationnominated
Reagan faced greater difficulties in filling the final Supreme Court vacancy, which arose due to the retirement of Lewis F. Powell Jr. Reagan nominated Robert Bork in July 1987, but the nomination was rejected by the Senate in October 1987.
The rapid response of Kennedy's "Robert Bork's America" speech stunned the Reagan White House; though conservatives considered Kennedy's accusations slanderous, the attacks went unanswered for two and a half months.

James G. Watt

James WattWatt
Greg Wetstone, the chief environment counsel at the House Energy and Commerce Committee during the Reagan administration, who subsequently served as director of advocacy at the Natural Resources Defense Council, argued that Watt was one of the two most "intensely controversial and blatantly anti-environmental political appointees" in American history.

Ted Kennedy

Edward KennedyEdward M. KennedyTeddy Kennedy
Meanwhile, Carter won the Democratic nomination, defeating a primary challenge by Senator Ted Kennedy.
Kennedy became a committed champion of women's issues, and established relationships with select Republican senators to block Reagan's actions and preserve and improve the Voting Rights Act, funding for AIDS treatment, and equal funding for women's sports under Title IX.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
Reagan's foreign policy stance was resolutely anti-communist; its plan of action, known as the Reagan Doctrine, sought to roll back the global influence of the Soviet Union in an attempt to end the Cold War.
Kenneth S. Deffeyes argued in Beyond Oil that the Reagan administration encouraged Saudi Arabia to lower the price of oil to the point where the Soviets could not make a profit selling their oil, and resulted in the depletion of the country's hard currency reserves.

Jeane Kirkpatrick

Jeane J. KirkpatrickJeanne J. KirkpatrickJeane Jordan Kirkpatrick
By 1982, National Security Advisor William P. Clark Jr., Ambassador to the United Nations Jeane Kirkpatrick, and CIA Director Casey had established themselves as the major figures in the formulation of the administration's foreign policy.
The Reagan administration ultimately decided to declare support for the British, making her vote for United Nations Security Council Resolution 502.

Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (1968)

Professional Air Traffic Controllers OrganizationPATCOAir traffic controllers' strike of 1981
In August 1981, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO), which consisted of federal employees, voted to go on a labor strike in hopes of receiving better pay and benefits.
The Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization or PATCO was a United States trade union that operated from 1968 until its decertification in 1981 following an illegal strike that was broken by the Reagan Administration.

John S. Herrington

John HerringtonSecretary Herrington
In the Reagan Administration, Herrington served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) from 1981 to 1983, deputy assistant for presidential personnel from 1983 to 1985, and Secretary of Energy from 1985 to 1989.

Garn–St. Germain Depository Institutions Act

Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions ActGarn–St. Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982
The 1982 Garn–St. Germain Depository Institutions Act deregulated savings and loan associations and allowed banks to provide adjustable-rate mortgages.
The bill, whose full title was "An Act to revitalize the housing industry by strengthening the financial stability of home mortgage lending institutions and ensuring the availability of home mortgage loans," was a Reagan Administration initiative.

Just Say No

anti-druganti-drug campaignantidrug
First Lady Nancy Reagan made the War on Drugs her main cause as First Lady, founding the "Just Say No" drug awareness campaign.
The slogan was created and championed by First Lady Nancy Reagan during her husband's presidency.

Tip O'Neill

Thomas "Tip" O'NeillTip O'NeilTip O’Neill
Working with Speaker of the House Tip O'Neill, a Democrat who also favored tax reform, Reagan overcame significant opposition from members of Congress in both parties to pass the Tax Reform Act of 1986.
O'Neill was a leading opponent of the Reagan administration's domestic and defense policies.

Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981

legislationEconomic Recovery Tax ActKemp-Roth Tax Cut
Domestically, the Reagan administration enacted a major tax cut, sought to cut non-military spending, and eliminated federal regulations.
Along with spending cuts, Reagan's tax cuts were the centerpiece of what some contemporaries described as the conservative "Reagan Revolution."

War on drugs

drug interdictioncounter-narcoticsdrug war
Not long after being sworn into office, Reagan declared more militant policies in the "War on Drugs".
The presidency of Ronald Reagan saw a expansion in the federal focus of preventing drug abuse and for prosecuting offenders.

Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit

B-2 SpiritB-2B-2 stealth bomber
Reagan ordered a massive buildup of the United States Armed Forces, directing funding to the B-1 Lancer bomber, the B-2 Spirit bomber, cruise missiles, the MX missile, and the 600-ship Navy.
The ATB project continued during the Reagan administration, but worries about delays in its introduction led to the reinstatement of the B-1 program.

Clayton Yeutter

Clayton Keith YeutterClay YeutterClayton K. Yeutter
Bach had served in several politically-appointed positions during the Reagan and Bush Administrations, including a stint on the White House staff under President Reagan.

600-ship Navy

600 ships600 ship navymilitary build up
Reagan ordered a massive buildup of the United States Armed Forces, directing funding to the B-1 Lancer bomber, the B-2 Spirit bomber, cruise missiles, the MX missile, and the 600-ship Navy.
Under the Reagan Administration, the first of the ballistic missile submarines was completed.

United States invasion of Grenada

Operation Urgent FuryInvasion of GrenadaGrenada
Under this doctrine, the Reagan administration initiated a massive buildup of the United States military; promoted new technologies such as missile defense systems; and, in 1983, undertook an invasion of Grenada, the first major overseas action by U.S. troops since the end of the Vietnam War.
The Reagan Administration in the U.S. launched a military intervention following appeals by the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States and Grenada's Governor-General Paul Scoon due to "concerns over the 600 U.S. medical students on the island" and fears of a repeat of the Iran hostage crisis.

Daniel Ortega

Daniel Ortega SaavedraJosé Daniel Ortega SaavedraOrtega
In 1979, a group of left-wing rebels in Nicaragua known as the Sandinistas overthrew the president of Nicaragua and installed Daniel Ortega as the country's leader.
His government was opposed by the Contras in a vicious civil war; the Contras were funded by the Reagan administration of the United States.

Robert McFarlane

Robert C. McFarlaneBud McFarlaneRobert "Bud" McFarlane
Secretary of Defense Weinberger and Secretary of State Shultz both opposed the arrangement, so it was handled by National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane and McFarlane's successor, John Poindexter.
After a career in the Marines, McFarlane became part of the Reagan administration and was a leading architect of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) for defending the United States against missile attack.

Contras

ContraNicaraguan ContrasContra War
Specifically, the Reagan administration engaged in covert arms sales to Iran to fund Contra rebels in Nicaragua that were fighting to overthrow their nation's socialist government; the resulting scandal led to the conviction or resignation of several administration officials.
Supporters of the Contras tried to downplay these violations, particularly the Reagan administration in the US, which engaged in a campaign of white propaganda to alter public opinion in favor of the contras, while covertly encouraging the Contras to attack civilian targets.