President (government title)

PresidentpresidentialPresidentspresidencyCouncil Presidentcollective presidencyState PresidentCommander-in-ChiefMexico PresidentPres.
The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics.wikipedia
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Title

titlesHonorary Presidenthonorary title
In politics, president is a title given to leaders of republican states.

Head of state

heads of stateChief of Stateheads of states
The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics.
In republics with a parliamentary system (such as India, Germany, Austria, Italy and Israel) the head of state is usually titled president and the principal functions of such presidents are mainly ceremonial and symbolic, as opposed to the presidents in a presidential or semi-presidential system.

Parliamentary republic

parliamentaryrepublicceremonial presidency
In parliamentary republics, they are usually, but not always, limited to those of the head of state, and are thus largely ceremonial. A variation of the parliamentary republic is a system with an executive president in which the president is the head of state and the government but unlike a presidential system, is elected by and accountable to a parliament, and referred to as president.
For the first case mentioned above, the form of executive-branch arrangement is distinct from most other governments and semi-presidential republics that separate the head of state (usually designated as the "president") from the head of government (usually designated as "prime minister", "premier" or "chancellor") and subject the latter to the confidence of parliament and a lenient tenure in office while the head of state lacks dependency and investing either office with the majority of executive power.

Speaker (politics)

SpeakerSpeaker of the HouseDeputy Speaker
As such, it originally designated the officer who presides over or "sits before" a gathering and ensures that debate is conducted according to the rules of order (see also chairman and speaker), but today it most commonly refers to an executive official in any social organization.
In other cultures other styles are used, mainly being equivalents of English "chairman" or "president".

Mr. President (title)

Mr. PresidentMadam Presidentmister
A common style of address for presidents, "Mr/Mrs. President," is borrowed from British Parliamentary tradition, in which the presiding Speaker of the House of Commons is referred to as "Mr/Mrs. Speaker."
The title "Mr. President" (m.) may apply to a person holding the title of president, or presiding over certain other governmental bodies.

President of the Continental Congress

PresidentPresident of CongressPresident of the Confederation Congress
Previous American governments had included "presidents" (such as the president of the Continental Congress or the president of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress), but these were presiding officers in the older sense, with no executive authority.
The president was a member of Congress elected by the other delegates to serve as a neutral discussion moderator during meetings of Congress.

Italian Republic (Napoleonic)

Italian RepublicNapoleonic Italian RepublicItalian Republic of 1802-1805
The first European president was the president of the Italian Republic of 1802, a client state of revolutionary France, in the person of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Napoleon served as President and its capital was Milan.

Presidential system

presidentialpresidential republicpresidentialism
In presidential, selected parliamentary (e.g. Botswana and South Africa) and semi-presidential republics, the role of the president is more prominent, encompassing also (in most cases) the functions of the head of government. A variation of the parliamentary republic is a system with an executive president in which the president is the head of state and the government but unlike a presidential system, is elected by and accountable to a parliament, and referred to as president.
This head of government is in most cases also the head of state, which is called president.

Semi-presidential system

semi-presidentialsemi-presidential republicsemi-presidential systems
In presidential, selected parliamentary (e.g. Botswana and South Africa) and semi-presidential republics, the role of the president is more prominent, encompassing also (in most cases) the functions of the head of government.
A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter being responsible to the legislature of the state.

Cabinet (government)

cabinetcouncil of ministerscabinets
Some presidencies, such as that of Ireland, are largely ceremonial, whereas other systems vest the president with substantive powers such as the appointment and dismissal of prime ministers or cabinets, the power to declare war, and powers of veto on legislation.
In this way, the President obtains opinions and advice relating to forthcoming decisions.

Prime minister

prime ministersPMchief minister
Some presidencies, such as that of Ireland, are largely ceremonial, whereas other systems vest the president with substantive powers such as the appointment and dismissal of prime ministers or cabinets, the power to declare war, and powers of veto on legislation.
A prime minister is not the head of state of their respective nation nor a monarch, rather they are the head of government, serving typically under a monarch in a hybrid of aristocratic and democratic government forms or a president in a republican form of government.

Dictator

dictatorialdictatorsdictatorial powers
In authoritarian regimes, a dictator or leader of a one-party state may also be called a president.

Executive (government)

executiveexecutive branchExecutive power
After the abolition of the monarchy the English Council of State, whose members were elected by the House of Commons, became the executive government of the Commonwealth.

Head of government

heads of governmentgovernmentchief executive
In presidential, selected parliamentary (e.g. Botswana and South Africa) and semi-presidential republics, the role of the president is more prominent, encompassing also (in most cases) the functions of the head of government.

Executive president

executive presidencyexecutive postExecutive
A variation of the parliamentary republic is a system with an executive president in which the president is the head of state and the government but unlike a presidential system, is elected by and accountable to a parliament, and referred to as president.
An executive president is a president who exercises active executive power in certain systems of government.

Henry Dunster

first president
The head, for instance, of Magdalene College, Cambridge was called the master and his second the president. The first president of Harvard, Henry Dunster, had been educated at Magdalene.
(For a discussion of Dunster's choice of the title "president" see President § Description.) He modeled Harvard's educational system on that of the English schools such as Eton College and Cambridge University.

Republic

constitutional republicrepublicsrepublican form of government
In politics, president is a title given to leaders of republican states.
With no monarch, most modern republics use the title president for the head of state.

Commander-in-chief

Commander in ChiefSupreme CommanderC-in-C
In many nations the president is also the commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces, though once again this can range from a ceremonial role to one with considerable authority.
The current commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines is President Rodrigo Duterte, serving as the supreme commander of all Filipino military units in the Philippines.

Monarchy

kingdommonarchieskingdoms
His actions would later be mimicked by the French leader Napoleon Bonaparte who was appointed "First Consul for life" in 1802 and five years later, the French senate proclaimed him emperor (a monarchical title).
Republics’ heads of state are often styled "President" or a variant thereof.

List of leaders of the Soviet Union

leader of the Soviet UnionSoviet leaderleader
The office of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers was comparable to a prime minister in the First World whereas the office of the Chairman of the Presidium was comparable to a president.

Presidential sash

Mexican Presidential sashPresidential Sash and Breast Starsash
A common presidential symbol is the presidential sash worn most often by presidents in Latin America and Africa as a symbol of the continuity of the office.
A presidential sash is a cloth sash worn by presidents of many nations in the world.

Vice president

Vice-PresidentExecutive Vice PresidentSenior Vice President
In government, a vice president is a person whose primary responsibility is to act in place of the president on the event of the president's death, resignation or incapacity.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
In politics, president is a title given to leaders of republican states.

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
The functions exercised by a president vary according to the form of government.