President of Fiji

PresidentpresidentialPresidencyPresident of the RepublicFijian PresidentHeads of stateActing President of FijiFiji (President)Head of the Interim Military GovernmentPresidents of Fiji
The President of the Republic of Fiji is the head of state of Fiji.wikipedia
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Fiji

Fiji IslandsRepublic of FijiFijian
The President of the Republic of Fiji is the head of state of Fiji.
When the High Court ruled the military leadership unlawful in 2009, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister.

2013 Constitution of Fiji

2013 ConstitutionConstitutionnew constitution
The President is appointed by the Parliament of Fiji for a three-year term under the terms of the 2013 Constitution of Fiji.
Fiji's fourth constitution was signed into law by President Ratu Epeli Nailatikau on September 6, 2013, coming into effect immediately.

Republic of Fiji Military Forces

MilitaryFiji Military ForcesArmy
In addition, the President is Commander-in-Chief of the Military Forces. President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara resigned on 29 May rather than abrogate the Constitution, as the military, supported by the Supreme Court, had asked.

Penaia Ganilau

Ratu Sir Penaia GanilauPenaia Kanatabatu Ganilau Ratu '''Sir Penaia Kanatabatu Ganilau
He did not, however, take the title of President, and on 5 December appointed Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau, the last Governor-General, as the first President of the republic.
Ratu Sir Penaia Kanatabatu Ganilau (28 July 1918 – 15 December 1993) was the first President of Fiji, serving from 8 December 1987 until his death in 1993.

Parliament of Fiji

ParliamentFijian Parliamentparliamentary
The President is appointed by the Parliament of Fiji for a three-year term under the terms of the 2013 Constitution of Fiji.
The upper chamber of the parliament, the Senate, had 32 members, formally appointed by the President on the nomination of the Great Council of Chiefs (14), the Prime Minister (9), the Leader of the Opposition (8), and the Rotuman Islands Council (1).

Sitiveni Rabuka

Rabuka, SitiveniRabukaSitiveni Ligamamada Rabuka
Major-General Sitiveni Rabuka, who had masterminded the coups, formed an Interim Military Government with himself as its head.
He handed over power on 5 December to an interim administration, headed by Ganilau as President and Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara as Prime Minister, but remained Commander of the Army and Minister of Home Affairs, the National Youth Service, and the Auxiliary Army Service.

Frank Bainimarama

Voreqe BainimaramaJosaia Voreqe BainimaramaBainimarama
Commodore Frank Bainimarama took power as Head of the Interim Military Government (as had Rabuka in 1987), until Ratu Josefa Iloilo was appointed President on 13 July.
On 22 September 2014, he was sworn-in as the Prime Minister of Fiji by President Ratu Epeli Nailatikau after his FijiFirst Party won the general elections.

Josefa Iloilo

Ratu Josefa IloiloRatu Josefa Iloilovatu UluivudaJosefa Iloilovatu Uluivuda
Commodore Frank Bainimarama took power as Head of the Interim Military Government (as had Rabuka in 1987), until Ratu Josefa Iloilo was appointed President on 13 July.
Ratu Josefa Iloilovatu Uluivuda, CF, MBE, MSD, KStJ (29 December 1920 – 6 February 2011) was the 3rd President of Fiji from 2000 until 2009, excluding a brief period from 5 December 2006 until 4 January 2007 (see below).

List of heads of state of Fiji

Head of StateKingmonarch
The President of the Republic of Fiji is the head of state of Fiji.

Monarchy of Fiji

Queen of FijiTui VitiKing of Fiji
The office of President was established following two military coups in 1987 that led to the proclamation of a republic on 7 October, ending the Fijian monarchy.
The agreed Constitution of 1997 provided for a President as Head of State of a Fijian republic, with the President chosen by the Great Council of Chiefs, a formal body of mostly hereditary chiefs.

2006 Fijian coup d'état

military coup2006 military coupcoup d'état
On 5 December 2006, the military forces again overthrew the government.
On 5 December, many key government ministers and chief executives were placed under house arrest and President Ratu Josefa Iloilo allegedly signed an order dissolving Parliament, though he later made a press statement denying having done so.

1987 Fijian coups d'état

two military coups1987 coupsmilitary coups
The office of President was established following two military coups in 1987 that led to the proclamation of a republic on 7 October, ending the Fijian monarchy.
Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau resigned as Governor-General on 15 October, although he was made the first President of Fiji on 6 December 1987.

George Speight

Speight, George
A civilian putsch instigated by George Speight led to another constitutional upheaval in 2000.
President Josefa Iloilo, who had replaced Mara following the coup, followed the advice of the Prime Minister and commuted Speight's sentence to life imprisonment.

Laisenia Qarase

QaraseQarase, LaiseniaQarase Government
This suggestion was controversial, and was notably opposed by deposed Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase.
In a series of moves that legal experts have considered to be of doubtful constitutionality, Qarase resigned on 14 March, in favour of Ratu Tevita Momoedonu (who had been a Minister in the Chaudhry Cabinet) so that Momoedonu could advise President Ratu Josefa Iloilo to dissolve the Parliament and call an early general election.

Governor-General of Fiji

Governor-GeneralGovernor GeneralFiji (Governor-General)
He did not, however, take the title of President, and on 5 December appointed Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau, the last Governor-General, as the first President of the republic.

Great Council of Chiefs

Bose Levu VakaturagaGCCBose Levu Vakaturaga (Great Council of Chiefs)
Bainimarama declared himself Acting President; he initially said that he had assumed the office in an interim capacity, and would soon ask the Great Council of Chiefs to reinstate Iloilo, but on 17 December he insisted that he was now the President and that the Great Council should recognise him as such.
The Council would also, henceforth, appoint the President of Fiji and the Vice-President.

Supreme Court of Fiji

Supreme CourtSupreme Court (Fiji)
President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara resigned on 29 May rather than abrogate the Constitution, as the military, supported by the Supreme Court, had asked.
Section 123 authorised the President of Fiji, on the advice of the Cabinet, to ask the Supreme Court to rule on actual or potential disagreements pertaining to the Constitution.

Epeli Nailatikau

Ratu Epeli NailatikauNailatikau, Ratu EpeliRatu'' Epeli Nailatikau
Brigadier-General (Rtd) Ratu Epeli Nailatikau succeeded him as acting President.
Brigadier-General Ratu Epeli Nailatikau, CF, LVO, OBE, MSD, KStJ, (born 5 July 1941) (often referred to as Na Turaga Mai Naisogolaca) is a Fijian chief who was President of Fiji from 2009 to 2015.

Rewa Province

RewaRewanProvince of Rewa
A Rewa chief, Ro Filipe Tuisawau, also opposed the idea, and stated his view on the function of the presidency:
The last two holders of the title have been women: Ro Lady Lala Mara (1931-2004), the wife of Fiji's longtime prime minister and President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, and her sister and successor, Ro Teimumu Kepa, who was Minister of Education in the government of Prime Minister Qarase (2001-2006).

Jioji Konrote

George KonroteJioje KonroteJioji (George) Konrote
On 12 October 2015, the Parliament elected Major-General (Rtd) Jioji Konrote as President.
Jioji Konousi "George" Konrote, OF, MC (born 26 December 1947) is a Fijian politician and retired Major-General of the Fiji Military who has been President of Fiji since 2015.

Government House, Suva

Government HouseGovernment House of FijiGovernment House, Fiji
Government House is the official residence of the President of Fiji.

Akuila Yabaki

Yabaki, Akuila
A few days later, Citizens Constitutional Forum director Reverend Akuila Yabaki suggested that the position of President should, in future, be open to persons of any ethnicity, rather than reserved for indigenous Fijians.
Following the coup, Fiji Television revealed on 16 December that he had written to Bainimarama on 12 December, urging the Military to hand power back to the civilian President, Ratu Josefa Iloilo, and negotiate an amnesty for himself and his soldiers.

Prime Minister of Fiji

Prime Ministercomplete list3rd Prime Minister of Fiji
The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, but must be supported, or at least accepted, by a majority in the House of Representatives.

Ratu

chiefschiefchiefly
Brigadier-General (Rtd) Ratu Epeli Nailatikau succeeded him as acting President.
Constitutionally, it functions as an electoral college to choose Fiji's president (a largely honorary position modelled on the British monarchy), the vice-president, and 14 of the 32 senators, members of Parliament's "upper house", which has a veto over most legislation.

Suva

Suva, FijiTamavuacapital city
It is now the official residence of Fiji's President.