President of India

PresidentPresidentialIndian Presidentpresidential elections of IndiaPresidentsPresidents of IndiaThe President of IndiaIndia11th President of IndiaNational Emergency
The president of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.wikipedia
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Indian Armed Forces

Indian militaryArmed ForcesIndia
The president of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces.

Parliament of India

Indian ParliamentParliamentIndia's Parliament
The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected. The president summons both the houses (The House of the People and 'The Council of States') of the parliament and prorogues them.
It is a bicameral legislature composed of the President of India and the two houses: the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People).

Prime Minister of India

Prime MinisterIndian Prime MinisterPrime Ministers
Although the [[wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 53 .7BExecutive power of the Union.7D|Article 53]] of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister (a subordinate authority) with the help of the Council of Ministers.
The prime minister is also the chief adviser to the President of India and head of the Council of Ministers.

Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra PrasadDr Rajendra PrasadPresident Rajendra Prasad
The offices of monarch and governor-general were replaced by the new office of President of India, with Rajendra Prasad as its first incumbent.
Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.

Rajya Sabha

Council of StatesMPupper house
The president summons both the houses (The House of the People and 'The Council of States') of the parliament and prorogues them.
It currently has a maximum membership of 245, of which 233 are elected by the legislatures of the states and union territories using single transferable votes through Open Ballot while the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services.

Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha constituenciesLok Sabha constituencyparliamentary
The president summons both the houses (The House of the People and 'The Council of States') of the parliament and prorogues them.
Members of the Lok Sabha are elected by adult universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post system to represent their respective constituencies, and they hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers.

Figurehead

ceremonialceremonial officein name only
The president of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
Other figureheads include the Emperor of Japan and the King of Sweden, as well as presidents in a majority of parliamentary republics, such as the President of India, President of Israel, President of Bangladesh, President of Greece, President of Germany, President of Pakistan, and President of China (when not simultaneously holding the CCP General Secretary and Chairman of CMC posts).

Head of state

heads of stateChief of Stateheads of states
The president of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

Commander-in-chief

Commander in ChiefSupreme CommanderC-in-C
The president of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
Supreme command of the Indian Armed Forces is vested in the president of India, although effective executive power and responsibility for national defence resides with the Cabinet of India headed by the prime minister.

Governor (India)

GovernorGovernor of respective stateGovernors of India
When parliament thinks fit it may accord additional executive powers to the president per Article 70 which may be further delegated by the president to the governors of states per Article 160.
The Governors and Lieutenant Governors/Administrators of the states and union territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
The president of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. India achieved independence from the British on 15 August 1947, initially as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general.

Supreme Court of India

Supreme CourtIndian Supreme CourtThe Supreme Court of India
Article 143 gave power to the president to consult the supreme court about the constitutional validity of an issue. The president can reduce the salaries of all government officials, including judges of the supreme court and high courts, in cases of a financial emergency.
As an advisory court, it hears matters which may specifically be referred to it under the constitution by President of India.

Attorney General of India

Attorney GeneralAttorney General for IndiaAttorney-General
The Indian government's chief legal adviser, Attorney General of India, is appointed by the president of India under Article 76(1) and holds office during the pleasure of the president.
He is appointed by the President of India on advice of Union Cabinet under Article 76(1) of the Constitution and holds office during the pleasure of the President.

List of high courts in India

High CourtHigh CourtsHigh Courts of India
The president can reduce the salaries of all government officials, including judges of the supreme court and high courts, in cases of a financial emergency.
Judges in a high court are appointed by the President of India in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the governor of the state.

Government of India

Indian governmentCentral GovernmentGovt. of India
The Indian government's chief legal adviser, Attorney General of India, is appointed by the president of India under Article 76(1) and holds office during the pleasure of the president. The presidential address on these occasions is generally meant to outline the new policies of the government.
The President of India is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces whilst the elected prime minister acts as the head of the executive, and is responsible for running the union government.

Pocket veto

pocket-vetoedpocket-vetovetoed
The president can also withhold his assent to a bill when it is initially presented to him (rather than return it to parliament) thereby exercising a pocket veto on the advice of prime minister or council of ministers per Article 74 if it is inconsistent to the constitution.
Article 111 of the Indian constitution stipulates that the President shall give assent to a bill passed by both houses of the parliament or return the bill as soon as possible for reconsideration with his recommendation.

Three Judges Cases

Collegium of the Supreme Court of Indiacollegium systemrecommendations
All his actions, recommendations (Article 3, Article 111, Article 274, etc.) and supervisory powers (Article 74(2), Article 78C, Article 108, Article 111, etc.) over the executive and legislative entities of India shall be used in accordance to uphold the constitution.
GoI sends the approved names to President of India who issues a warrant of appointment (authorisation).

Indirect election

indirectly electedindirectindirect suffrage
The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.

States and union territories of India

StateIndian stateUnion Territory
The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.

Lawmaking procedure in India

ordinanceBill or Actlegislative powers
President may be of the view that a particular bill passed under the legislative powers of parliament is violating the constitution, he can send back the bill with his recommendation to pass the bill under the constituent powers of parliament following the Article 368 procedure.
A bill is the draft of a legislative proposal, which, when passed by both houses of Parliament and assented to by the President, becomes an Act of Parliament.

Article 74 of the Constitution of India

Article 74Article 74 (2)Article 74 (Constitution of India)
All his actions, recommendations (Article 3, Article 111, Article 274, etc.) and supervisory powers (Article 74(2), Article 78C, Article 108, Article 111, etc.) over the executive and legislative entities of India shall be used in accordance to uphold the constitution.
Article 74 of the Constitution of the Republic of India provides for a Council of Ministers which shall aid the President in the exercise of his functions.

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

CAGComptroller and Auditor Generalauditor general
The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India is appointed by the President of India following a recommendation by the Prime Minister.

Governor-General of India

Viceroy of IndiaGovernor-GeneralViceroy
India achieved independence from the British on 15 August 1947, initially as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general.
After the nation became a republic in 1950, the president of India continued to perform the same functions.

List of chief ministers of Delhi

Chief Minister of DelhiChief MinisterDelhi Chief Minister
The President of India, on the advice of the lieutenant governor, appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly.

The Emergency (India)

Emergencythe EmergencyIndian Emergency
[see main]
The final decision to impose an emergency was proposed by Indira Gandhi, agreed upon by the president of India, and thereafter ratified by the cabinet and the parliament (from July to August 1975), based on the rationale that there were imminent internal and external threats to the Indian state.