President of the European Commission

PresidentCommission PresidentEuropean Commission PresidentEuropean Commissionpresidency of the European CommissionPresident of the CommissionEuropean Commission presidencypresidencyEC PresidentEU Commission President
The president of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union.wikipedia
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President of the European Council

Council PresidentPresidentPresidency of the European Council
The president of the Commission also represents the EU abroad, together with the president of the European Council and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
This institution comprises the college of heads of state or government of EU member states as well as the President of the European Commission, and provides political direction to the European Union (EU).

Ursula von der Leyen

von der Leyenvon der Leyen, Ursula
In July 2019, the European Council nominated Ursula von der Leyen to succeed Jean-Claude Juncker, and she was elected the 13th president of the European Commission by the European Parliament on 16 July.
Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen (born 8 October 1958) is a German politician and the President of the European Commission since 1 December 2019.

Jean-Claude Juncker

Jean Claude JunckerJunckerJean-Claude Junker
In July 2019, the European Council nominated Ursula von der Leyen to succeed Jean-Claude Juncker, and she was elected the 13th president of the European Commission by the European Parliament on 16 July.
Jean-Claude Juncker (born 9 December 1954) is a Luxembourg politician, serving as President of the European Commission from 2014 to 2019.

European Council

CouncilEU Council2007 EU Summit
In July 2019, the European Council nominated Ursula von der Leyen to succeed Jean-Claude Juncker, and she was elected the 13th president of the European Commission by the European Parliament on 16 July. Each new president is nominated by the European Council and formally elected by the European Parliament, for a five-year term. The European Council votes by qualified majority for a nominee for the post of President, taking account of the latest European elections.
It comprises the heads of state or government of the EU member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission.

Common Agricultural Policy

agricultureCAPCommon Agriculture Policy
In 1965, Hallstein put forward his proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy, which would give the Community its own financial resources while giving more power to the Commission and Parliament and removing the veto power over Agriculture in the Council.
During 3–12 July 1958 in Stresa, the Community held an agricultural conference attended by agricultural ministers from member states and the President of the European Commission, Walter Hallstein, along with observers representing agriculture.

Walter Hallstein

The Commission's first president was Walter Hallstein (see Hallstein Commission) who started consolidating European law and began to impact on national legislation.
He was one of the architects of the European Coal and Steel Community and the first President of the Commission of the European Economic Community, which would later become the European Union.

Jacques Delors

DelorsDelors ReportPresident Delors
The Council refused to renew his term, despite his being the most 'dynamic' leader until Jacques Delors. However, the Commission began to recover under President Jacques Delors' Commission.
Jacques Lucien Jean Delors (born 20 July 1925) is a French politician who served as the 8th President of the European Commission from 1985 to 1995.

Roy Jenkins

The Lord Jenkins of HillheadJenkins, RoyRoy Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead
In 1970, President Jean Rey secured the Community's own financial resources and in 1977, President Roy Jenkins became the first Commission president to attend a G7 summit on behalf of the Community.
Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003), was a British politician and the President of the European Commission from 1977 to 1981.

Jean Rey (politician)

Jean ReyReyREY Jean
In 1970, President Jean Rey secured the Community's own financial resources and in 1977, President Roy Jenkins became the first Commission president to attend a G7 summit on behalf of the Community.
Jean Rey (15 July 1902 – 19 May 1983) was a Belgian Liberal politician who served as the second President of the European Commission from 1967 to 1970.

European Parliament

EU ParliamentEP constituencyMEP
In July 2019, the European Council nominated Ursula von der Leyen to succeed Jean-Claude Juncker, and she was elected the 13th president of the European Commission by the European Parliament on 16 July. The president of the Commission leads a cabinet of commissioners, referred to as the college, collectively accountable to the European Parliament.
Furthermore, the Parliament began holding votes on proposed Commission Presidents from the 1980s, before it was given any formal right to veto.

Delors Commission

Delors eraDelors ICommission
However, the Commission began to recover under President Jacques Delors' Commission.
The Delors Commission was the administration of Jacques Delors, the eighth President of the European Commission.

Romano Prodi

ProdiPrime Minister ProdiProdi & C.
When President Romano Prodi took office with the new powers of the Treaty of Amsterdam, he was dubbed by the press as Europe's first Prime Minister.
Romano Prodi (born 9 August 1939) is an Italian politician who served as the 10th President of the European Commission from 1999 to 2004.

Thorn Commission

ThornCommissionGaston Thorn
The Community entered a period of eurosclerosis, owing to economic difficulties and disagreements on the Community budget, and by the time of the Thorn Commission the president was unable to exert his influence to any significant extent.
Its President was Gaston Thorn.

Santer Commission

Resignation of the Santer CommissionSanteradministration
However, later Commissions did not enjoy the same support, and in 1999, the European Parliament used its powers to force the Santer Commission to resign.
In 1994, Jacques Delors was due to step down from a successful tenure as President of the European Commission.

European Union law

EU lawEuropean lawlaw of the European Union
The Commission's first president was Walter Hallstein (see Hallstein Commission) who started consolidating European law and began to impact on national legislation. (The Commission is the only body that can propose EU laws.)
In response to Ireland's initial rejection of the Treaty of Lisbon 2007, it was agreed to keep the system of one Commissioner from each of the member states, including the President and the High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy (currently Federica Mogherini)

José Manuel Barroso

José Manuel Durão BarrosoJose Manuel BarrosoBarroso
José Manuel Barroso, elected Commission president that year, was then forced to back down over his choice of Commissioners, owing to Parliament's threat that it would not approve his Commission.
He previously served as the 11th President of the European Commission and the 115th Prime Minister of Portugal.

European People's Party

EPPEuropean People’s PartyEuropean Peoples Party
In 2009, the European People's Party endorsed Barroso as its candidate for Commission president, and the EPP subsequently retained its position as largest party in that year's election.
The President of the European Council, President of the European Commission are from the EPP.

Treaty of Rome

TFEUTreaties of RomeTEC
The present Commission was established by the Treaty of Rome in 1957; it also replaced the High Authority and the Commission of Euratom in 1967.
President Jean Monnet, a leading figure behind the Communities, resigned from the High Authority in protest and began work on alternative Communities, based on economic integration rather than political integration.

State of the Union (European Union)

State of the Union addressState of the European Union addressState of the Union
On 7 September 2010, Barroso gave the first US-style State of the Union address to Parliament, which focused primarily on the EU's economic recovery and human rights.
The State of the Union address, also known as the State of the European Union, or SOTEU is the annual speech addressed by the President of the European Commission to the European Parliament plenary session in September.

Hallstein Commission

Hallstein Iempty chair crisisfirst commission
The Commission's first president was Walter Hallstein (see Hallstein Commission) who started consolidating European law and began to impact on national legislation.

Elections to the European Parliament

European electionselectionsEuropean Parliament elections
The European Council votes by qualified majority for a nominee for the post of President, taking account of the latest European elections. The choice of President must take into account the result of the latest Parliamentary elections (for example, by choosing the candidate supported by the largest European political party in particular, or at least someone from that political family – the Spitzenkandidat principle, below – but this is a convention not an obligation).
For the 2014 EP election, Europarties decided to put forward a candidate for President of the European Commission.

Pauline Green

Dame Pauline GreenPauline, Mrs Green
Pauline Green MEP, leader of the Socialist group, stated that her group thought "Parliament should refuse to condone a practice which so sullies the democratic process".
She then changed her position following corruption allegations raised by EC official Paul van Buitenen to call for Jacques Santer (then President of the European Commission) to react promptly or be sacked.

European political party

European political allianceEuropean political partiesEuroparty
The choice of President must take into account the result of the latest Parliamentary elections (for example, by choosing the candidate supported by the largest European political party in particular, or at least someone from that political family – the Spitzenkandidat principle, below – but this is a convention not an obligation). In 2013, in preparation for the European elections of 2014, Martin Schulz, then President of the European Parliament campaigned for European political parties to name lead candidates for the post of President of the European Commission; his own party group, the centre-left Party of European Socialists named Schulz as their lead candidate (Spitzenkandidat).
Europarties also work closely and co-ordinate with their affiliated members of the European Commission and, according to the Lisbon Treaty the Europarty that wins the European elections has the right to nominate to the European Council its candidate for President of the European Commission.

Guy Verhofstadt

VerhofstadtCabinet Verhofstadt IIDeputy Prime Minister
Delors was chosen following a Franco-British disagreement over Claude Cheysson, Santer was a compromise after Britain vetoed Jean-Luc Dehaene, and Prodi was backed by a coalition of thirteen states against the Franco-German preference for Guy Verhofstadt.
He was the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party nominee for President of the European Commission in the 2014 European Parliament election, and is the European Parliament's Brexit Coordinator in the Brexit negotiations.

2014 European Parliament election

2014 European elections20142014 elections
In 2013, in preparation for the European elections of 2014, Martin Schulz, then President of the European Parliament campaigned for European political parties to name lead candidates for the post of President of the European Commission; his own party group, the centre-left Party of European Socialists named Schulz as their lead candidate (Spitzenkandidat).
It was the 8th parliamentary election since the first direct elections in 1979, and the first in which the European political parties fielded candidates for President of the Commission.