Presidio of San Francisco

The Presidio in 1817
Street map of 1937 of the Army Base
The Old Coast Guard Station and Golden Gate Bridge
Presidio Parkway construction seen from Storey Avenue in October 2013
An aerial view of the Presidio
Welcome sign
Battery Chamberlin
California Historical Landmark marker for the Presidio
The Presidio ca. 1850
A refugee camp at the Presidio after the San Francisco earthquake
Aerial view of the Presidio from outside the Golden Gate, with downtown and Bay Bridge in the background

Park and former U.S. Army post on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula in San Francisco, California, and is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

- Presidio of San Francisco

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San Francisco

Commercial and cultural center in the northern region of the U.S. state of California.

Mission San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores)
Port of San Francisco in 1851
Juana Briones de Miranda, considered the "Founding Mother of San Francisco"
City seal from before the Consolidation Act of 1856. The phoenix references the early fires that burn early San Francisco. Significant fires occurred December 1849, May 1850, June 1850, September 1850, May 1851, and June 1851.
The Palace of Fine Arts at the 1915 Panama–Pacific Exposition
The Bay Bridge, shown here under construction in 1935, took forty months to complete.
The Transamerica Pyramid was the tallest building in San Francisco until 2016, when Salesforce Tower surpassed it.
The San Francisco Peninsula
San Francisco Chinatown is the oldest in North America and one of the largest Chinese enclaves outside of Asia.
The Ferry Building along the Embarcadero
Fog is a regular feature of San Francisco summers.
Race and ethnic/ancestral origins of San Franciscans, 2019
Map of racial distribution in San Francisco Bay Area, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
A tent city in San Francisco in May 2020
California Street in the Financial District
Ships docked at Pier 3, with Financial District skyscrapers in the background
Lombard Street is a popular tourist destination in San Francisco, known for its "crookedness".
Boutiques along Fillmore Street in Pacific Heights
High-rises surround Yerba Buena Gardens, South of Market.
The rainbow flag, symbol of LGBT pride, originated in San Francisco; banners like this one decorate streets in the Castro.
The lobby of the War Memorial Opera House, one of the last buildings erected in Beaux Arts style in the United States
Oracle Park opened in 2000.
The Olympic Club
Ocean Beach, San Francisco, with a view of the Cliff House
Alamo Square is one of the most well-known parks in the area, and is often a symbol of San Francisco for its popular location for film and pop culture.
San Francisco City Hall
San Francisco State University Main Quad
The Lone Mountain Campus of the University of San Francisco
San Francisco Chronicle Building
A cable car ascending Hyde St, with Alcatraz on the bay behind
The Golden Gate Ferry M/V Del Norte docked at the Ferry Building
The Bay Bridge offers the only direct automobile connection to the East Bay.
San Francisco International Airport is the primary airport of San Francisco and the Bay Area.
A bike lane in San Francisco.

San Francisco was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established the Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asís a few miles away, both named for Francis of Assisi.

Sixth United States Army

Theater army of the United States Army.

Sixth Army returned to the United States in 1946, and was headquartered at the Presidio of San Francisco.

1906 San Francisco earthquake

Struck by a major earthquake with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).

Ruins in the vicinity of Post and Grant Avenue
USGS ShakeMap showing the earthquake's intensity
Arnold Genthe's photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street
Soldiers looting during the fire
Refugees leaving the city
View from the Ferry Building tower, southwest down on Market Street
The Agassiz statue in front of the Zoology building (now building 420), Stanford University
One of the eleven housing camps

An offshore epicenter is supported by the occurrence of a local tsunami recorded by a tide gauge at the San Francisco Presidio; the wave had an amplitude of approximately 3 in and an approximate period of 40–45 minutes.

Juan Bautista de Anza

Born in the Spanish province of New Navarre in Viceroyalty of New Spain.

Portrait by Fray Orcí, 1774.
Equestrian statue of Anza at Lake Merced, San Francisco, California.
Juan Bautista de Anza, from a portrait in oil by Fray Orsi in 1774
Map of the route that Juan Bautista de Anza traveled in 1775–76 from Mexico to today's San Francisco
Portrait by Gerald Cassidy.
Statue by Dorr Bothwell in Riverside, California.
Juan Bautista de Anza's burial site in Arizpe, Sonora.

Pressing on, Anza located the sites for the Presidio of San Francisco and Mission San Francisco de Asis in present-day San Francisco, California on March 28, 1776.

Industrial Light & Magic

American motion picture visual effects company that was founded on May 26, 1975 by George Lucas.

Parking lot and building of the first company headquarters of ILM in Van Nuys, where the special effects of the first Star Wars movie were produced

ILM originated in Van Nuys, California, then later moved to San Rafael in 1978, and since 2005 it has been based at the Letterman Digital Arts Center in the Presidio of San Francisco.

San Francisco National Cemetery

San Francisco National Cemetery looking north towards the Golden Gate Bridge.
An image showing the entrance of the San Francisco National Cemetery

San Francisco National Cemetery is a United States national cemetery, located in the Presidio of San Francisco, California.

Golden Gate National Recreation Area

U.S. National Recreation Area protecting 82,116 acre of ecologically and historically significant landscapes surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area.

Bicentennial Campground arranged around a small clearing, with each site accommodating a maximum of two people.
Sweeney Ridge

The park is as diverse as it is expansive; it contains famous tourist attractions such as Muir Woods National Monument, Alcatraz, and the Presidio of San Francisco.

Base Realignment and Closure

Process by a United States federal government commission to increase United States Department of Defense efficiency by coordinating the realignment and closure of military installations following the end of the Cold War.

Coat of arms

Presidio of San Francisco

Western Defense Command

Established on 17 March 1941 as the command formation of the United States Army responsible for coordinating the defense of the Pacific Coast region of the United States during World War II.

Emblem of the Western Defense Command
Photograph of the exclusion order issued by WDC and the Fourth U.S. Army on 1 April 1942 concerning all persons, including American citizens, of Japanese ancestry.

WDC headquarters were co-located at the existing Fourth Army headquarters at the Presidio of San Francisco.

Irvin McDowell

Career American army officer.

Photo of McDowell taken during the American Civil War
General Irvin McDowell (left) with General George B. McClellan

In this capacity he constructed a park in the neglected reservation of the Presidio, laying out drives that commanded views of the Golden Gate.