Pressburg Yeshiva (Austria-Hungary)

Picture of the Ksav Sofer.

The largest and most influential Yeshiva in Central Europe in the 19th century.

- Pressburg Yeshiva (Austria-Hungary)

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Moses Sofer

One of the leading Orthodox rabbis of European Jewry in the first half of the nineteenth century.

Original lithography by Josef Kriehuber, circa 1830; now displayed in the Albertina.
Interior of the memorial in Bratislava, Slovakia (the grave of the Chasam Sofer is at the left).
Rabbi Yochanan Sofer

Sofer established a yeshiva in Pozsony (Pressburg in German; today Bratislava, Slovakia), the Pressburg Yeshiva, which became the most influential yeshiva in Central Europe, producing hundreds of future leaders of Hungarian Jewry.

Haredi Judaism

Haredi Judaism (יהדות חֲרֵדִית , ; also spelled Charedi in English; plural Haredim or Charedim) consists of groups within Orthodox Judaism that are characterized by their strict adherence to halakha (Jewish law) and traditions, in opposition to modern values and practices.

Haredi Jewish men during a Torah reading.
Young Haredi Jews in Jerusalem, 2005
Hasidic boys in Łódź, 1910
Haredi Jews from Galicia at the in Vienna's second district, Leopoldstadt, 1915
Haredi Jewish women and girls in Mea Shearim, Jerusalem, 2013
Styles of Haredi dress
Typical Haredi dress for men and women
Gender-separate beach in Israel. To accommodate Haredi and other Orthodox Jews, many coastal resorts in Israel have a designated area for sex-separate bathing.
The Bais Yaakov graduating class of 1934 in Łódź, Poland
Tziporah Heller, a weekly columnist for Hamodia
photograph of the Warsaw Ghetto
Members of Neturei Karta protest against Israel (Washington, 2005)
Haredi demonstration against the conscription of yeshiva pupils
Hasidim walk to the synagogue, Rehovot, Israel.
Haredi Rabbis and students writing a Torah scroll (Haredi settlement of Beitar Illit, Gush Etzion)
Hasidic family on the street in Borough Park, Brooklyn
Students of Telshe yeshiva, 1936

Thus, he did not allow any secular studies to be added to the curriculum of his Pressburg Yeshiva.

Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer

Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, (Abraham Samuel Benjamin Schreiber), also known by his main work Ksav Sofer or Ketav Sofer (trans. Writ of the Scribe), (1815–1871), was one of the leading rabbis of Hungarian Jewry in the second half of the nineteenth century and rosh yeshiva of the famed Pressburg Yeshiva.

Solomon Breuer

Hungarian-born German rabbi, initially in Pápa, Hungary, and from the early 1890s in Frankfurt as a successor of his father-in-law Samson Raphael Hirsch.

Solomon Breuer's father gravestone in Pilisvörösvár

At the age of twelve he entered the yeshiva of Nitra, but returned to study with his grandfather until he could enroll in the Pressburg Yeshiva, then headed by Rabbi Samuel Benjamin Sofer (the Ksav Sofer).

Benjamin Szold

American rabbi and scholar.

Benjamin Szold, 1887

Szold studied under Rabbis Jacob Fischer of Shalgaw, Wolf Kollin of Vrbové, and Benjamin Wolf Löw at the Pressburg Yeshiva, and received the rabbinical authorization from Judah Assod of Bur and Simon Sidon of Tyrnau.

Isidore Epstein

Rabbi Ezekiel Isidore Epstein (1894–1962),

Visitors in the Orthodox Jewish cemetery in Budapest, circa 1920; the word "Orthodox" (ארטאדאקסען) is painted on the wall, second to the left. Traditionalist Jews in Hungary were the first anywhere to use the term "orthodox" in the formation of an independent Orthodox organization in 1871.

Due to the quality of his work, he was sent to study at the Pressburg Yeshiva under Rabbi Akiva Sofer.

Pressburg Yeshiva (Jerusalem)

Leading yeshiva located in the Givat Shaul neighborhood of Jerusalem.

Mir Yeshiva (Jerusalem) – largest yeshiva in the world

It was founded in 1950 by Rabbi Akiva Sofer (known as the Daas Sofer), a great-grandson of Rabbi Moses Sofer (the Chasam Sofer), who established the original Pressburg Yeshiva in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1807.

Abraham Judah ha-Kohen Schwartz

One of the leading Hungarian rabbis of the nineteenth century.

Original lithography by Josef Kriehuber, circa 1830; now displayed in the Albertina.

Although Rabbi Schwartz studied in the Pressburg Yeshiva whose leaders were opposed to Hasidism, he became deeply attached to Hasidism after a visit he made to Chaim Halberstam, the founder of the Sanz hasidic dynasty.

Aaron Tänzer

Rabbi in Austria and Germany, chaplain and author.

Aaron Tänzer in 1907
Aaron Tänzer during World War I, with the ribbon of the Iron Cross and a Star of David, 1917

He studied at the Pressburg Yeshiva, and studied Oriental philology and history at the University of Berlin (PhD 1895).

Shimon Sofer

Prominent Austrian Orthodox Jewish rabbi in the 19th century.

His father would seat him on his lap whilst delivering his weekly Chumash shiur at the Pressburg Yeshiva, where he expounded on Rashi and Ramban commentaries.