Pretoria Convention

Pretoria Convention of 1881regains independence
The Pretoria Convention was the peace treaty that ended the First Boer War (16 December 1880 to 23 March 1881) between the Transvaal Boers and the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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South African Republic

TransvaalTransvaal RepublicZuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
The Pretoria Convention was the peace treaty that ended the First Boer War (16 December 1880 to 23 March 1881) between the Transvaal Boers and the United Kingdom. By the time of the Battle of Majuba, the governments of the South African Republic and the United Kingdom were in contact, President Brand of the Orange Free State acting as intermediary.
After the end of the First Boer War, the ZAR became a British Suzerain and in the Pretoria Convention of 3 August 1881 the British insisted on the use of the name Transvaal over Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek.

Pretoria

Pretoria, GautengPretoria, South AfricaSilverton
The treaty was signed in Pretoria on 3 August 1881, but was subject to ratification by the Volksraad within 3 months from the date of signature.
The peace treaty which ended the war was signed in Pretoria on 3 August 1881 at the Pretoria Convention.

London Convention (1884)

London ConventionLondon Convention of 1884convention of 1884
This Convention was superseded in 1884 by the [[Convention Between the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic|London Convention]].
The London Convention superseded the 1881 Pretoria Convention.

Boer

Boerstrekboerswhite farmers
The Pretoria Convention was the peace treaty that ended the First Boer War (16 December 1880 to 23 March 1881) between the Transvaal Boers and the United Kingdom.
They contend that the Boers of the South African Republic (ZAR) and Orange Free State republics were recognised as a separate people or cultural group under international law by the Sand River Convention (which created the South African Republic in 1852), the Bloemfontein Convention (which created the Orange Free State Republic in 1854), the Pretoria Convention (which re-established the independence of the South African Republic 1881), the London Convention (which granted the full independence to the South African Republic in 1884), and the Vereeniging Peace Treaty, which formally ended the Second Anglo-Boer War on 31 May 1902.

First Boer War

FirstBoer WarFirst Anglo-Boer War
The Pretoria Convention was the peace treaty that ended the First Boer War (16 December 1880 to 23 March 1881) between the Transvaal Boers and the United Kingdom.
In the final peace treaty, the Pretoria Convention, negotiated by a three-man Royal Commission, the British agreed to complete Boer self-government in the Transvaal under British suzerainty.

Battle of Majuba Hill

Majuba HillMajubaBattle of Majuba
By the time of the Battle of Majuba, the governments of the South African Republic and the United Kingdom were in contact, President Brand of the Orange Free State acting as intermediary.
It led to the signing of a peace treaty, and later the Pretoria Convention, between the British and the reinstated South African Republic, ending the First Boer War.

Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal

NewcastleNewcastle, Colony of Natal
British preparation work for the Pretoria Convention of 1881 was done at Newcastle.

Treaty of Vereeniging

VereenigingTreaty of the Peace of Vereenigingconclusion of peace
* Treaty of Vereeniging
Pretoria Convention

Piet Joubert

Commandant-General JoubertCommandant-General Piet JoubertGeneral Joubert
He was in command of the Boer forces at Laings Nek, Ingogo, and Majuba Hill, subsequently conducting the earlier peace negotiations that led to the conclusion of the Pretoria Convention.

Paul Kruger

KrugerPresident KrugerPresident Paul Kruger
The final Pretoria Convention was signed on 3 August 1881 by Joubert, Pretorius and the members of the royal commission.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
The Pretoria Convention was the peace treaty that ended the First Boer War (16 December 1880 to 23 March 1881) between the Transvaal Boers and the United Kingdom. By the time of the Battle of Majuba, the governments of the South African Republic and the United Kingdom were in contact, President Brand of the Orange Free State acting as intermediary.

Volksraad

The treaty was signed in Pretoria on 3 August 1881, but was subject to ratification by the Volksraad within 3 months from the date of signature.

Suzerainty

suzerainsuzerainsparamountcy
Under this agreement, the South African Republic regained self-government under nominal British suzerainty.

Orange Free State

Free StateOrange Free State RepublicRepublic of the Orange Free State
By the time of the Battle of Majuba, the governments of the South African Republic and the United Kingdom were in contact, President Brand of the Orange Free State acting as intermediary.

Johannes Brand

Jan BrandPresident BrandJ.H. Brand
By the time of the Battle of Majuba, the governments of the South African Republic and the United Kingdom were in contact, President Brand of the Orange Free State acting as intermediary.

1880s

18801880 Republican National Conventionother events of 1880s
3 August 1881: The Pretoria Convention peace treaty is signed, officially ending the war between the Boers and Britain.

List of national border changes from 1815 to 1914

1881 – France creates the colony of Brazzaville. Transvaal is recreated with the agreement at the Pretoria Convention which gives the local Boer population self-rule.