Priesthood in the Catholic Church

priestpriesthoodCatholic priestRoman Catholic priestpriestsCatholic priestsCatholic priesthoodFatherFr.Padre
The priesthood is one of the three holy orders of the Catholic Church, comprising the ordained priests or presbyters.wikipedia
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Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
The priesthood is one of the three holy orders of the Catholic Church, comprising the ordained priests or presbyters.
The church teaches that through consecration by a priest the sacrificial bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ.

Latin Church

Latin CatholicWestern ChurchLatin Rite
The church has different rules for priests in the Latin Church – the largest Catholic particular church – and in the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches.
Celibacy, as a consequence of the duty to observe perfect continence, is obligatory for priests in the Latin Church.

Martin Luther

LutherLutheranLuther, Martin
During the Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther and William Tyndale advocated the priesthood of all believers, the idea that all baptized Christians are priests.
Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507.

Sacrament

sacramentssacramentalsacramental theology
The Catholic Church teaches that when a man participates in priesthood after the Sacrament of Holy Orders, he acts in persona Christi Capitis, representing the person of Christ.
Roman Catholic theology enumerates seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation (Chrismation), Eucharist (Communion), Penance (Reconciliation)(Confession), Matrimony (Marriage), Holy Orders (ordination to the diaconate, priesthood, or episcopate) and Anointing of the Sick (before the Second Vatican Council generally called Extreme Unction).

Holy orders in the Catholic Church

ordainedordinationHoly Orders
Through the principle of church economy, the Catholic Church recognizes as valid the ordination of priests in denominations with unbroken apostolic succession, such as in the Eastern Orthodox Church, Polish National Catholic Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, the Assyrian Church of the East, Church of Sweden, and Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, but not other Lutheran churches.
The sacrament of holy orders in the Catholic Church includes three orders: bishop, priest, and deacon.

Monk

monksmonasticBrother
Institutes of consecrated life, or monks, can be deacons, priests, bishops, or non-ordained members of a religious order.
Monks who have been or will be ordained into Holy Orders as priests or deacons are referred to as choir monks, as they have the obligation to recite the entire Divine Office daily in choir.

Catholic Church sexual abuse cases

Catholic sex abuse casesRoman Catholic Church sex abuse scandalRoman Catholic sex abuse cases
In the 1990s and 2000s, the cases of sexual abuse by Catholic priests gained worldwide attention, with thousands of accused priests and tens of thousands of alleged victims.
Catholic Church sexual abuse cases are cases of child sexual abuse by Catholic priests, nuns and members of religious orders.

Priest shortage in the Catholic Church

priest shortageshortage of priestsshortage of clergy
This has resulted in a worldwide shortage of Catholic priests. In some cases due to the shortage of priests and the expense of a full-time priest for depopulated parishes, a team of priests in solidum may share the management of several parishes.
In the years since World War II there has been a substantial reduction in the number of priests per capita in the Catholic Church, a phenomenon considered by many to constitute a "shortage" in the number of priests.

Thomas Aquinas

St. Thomas AquinasAquinasSaint Thomas Aquinas
Properly speaking, in Catholic theology, expressed by Saint Thomas Aquinas, "Only Christ is the true priest, the others being only his ministers."
Thomas Aquinas (Tommaso d'Aquino; 1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.

Catholic particular churches and liturgical rites

particular churchparticular churchesrite
The church has different rules for priests in the Latin Church – the largest Catholic particular church – and in the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches.
The sacramental sign of Christ the head is the sacred hierarchy – the bishops, priests and deacons.

Sexual slavery

sexual exploitationsex slavewhite slavery
In February 2019, clerical abuse of nuns, including sexual slavery, has been acknowledged by the Pope.
In areas controlled by Catholic priests, clerical abuse of nuns, including sexual slavery, has been acknowledged by the Pope.

Rome

Rome, ItalyRomanRoma
Those ordained priests or deacons who are not members of some sort of religious order (secular priests) most often serve as clergy to a specific church or in an office of a specific diocese or in Rome.
The Roman Colleges are several seminaries for students from foreign countries studying for the priesthood at the Pontifical Universities.

Nun

nunsprofessed religioussisters
In February 2019, clerical abuse of nuns, including sexual slavery, has been acknowledged by the Pope.
In February 2019, clerical abuse of nuns, including sexual slavery, by Catholic priests has been acknowledged by the Pope.

Protestantism

ProtestantProtestantsProtestant church
This was not universally accepted, contributing to the schism of various Protestant churches.
Therefore, Protestants desiring full communion with the Catholic Church are not re-baptized (although they are confirmed) and Protestant ministers who become Catholics may be ordained to the priesthood after a period of study.

Secular clergy

secular priestdiocesan priestsecular priests
Those ordained priests or deacons who are not members of some sort of religious order (secular priests) most often serve as clergy to a specific church or in an office of a specific diocese or in Rome. According to the Annuario Pontificio 2016, as of December 31, 2014, there were 415,792 Catholic priests worldwide, including both diocesan priests and priests in the religious orders.
In the Catholic Church, the secular clergy are ordained ministers, such as deacons and priests, who do not belong to a religious institute.

Eastern Catholic Churches

Eastern CatholicUniateEastern Catholic Church
The church has different rules for priests in the Latin Church – the largest Catholic particular church – and in the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches.
Notably, many of the Eastern Catholic Churches take a different approach to clerical celibacy than the Latin Church does and allow the ordination of married men to the priesthood (although not to the episcopacy).

Team of priests in solidum

moderatorTeam of priests ''in solidumin solidum
In some cases due to the shortage of priests and the expense of a full-time priest for depopulated parishes, a team of priests in solidum may share the management of several parishes.
This provision in the 1983 Code of Canon Law, which resembles ancient models of pastoral care in the Roman titular churches with their colleges of priests, was introduced to help resolve some of the difficulties facing many dioceses.

Parish in the Catholic Church

parishpastoralparishes
A priest who is a pastor is responsible for the administration of a Catholic Parish, typically with a single church building dedicated for worship (and usually a nearby residence), and for seeing to the spiritual needs of Catholics who belong to the parish.
On Sundays, and perhaps also daily, Mass is celebrated by a priest resident in the parish.

Bishop in the Catholic Church

bishopepiscopal consecrationepiscopal
The other two orders are the bishops and the deacons.
When celebrating Mass, a bishop, like a priest, wears the chasuble.

Vocational discernment in the Catholic Church

vocationsvocationcall to the priesthood
The best known is the vocation to the priesthood, as either a diocesan or a religious priest.

Extraordinary minister of Holy Communion

extraordinary ministers of Holy Communionextraordinary ministersExtraordinary minister
Deacons and lay Catholics may distribute Holy Communion after a priest or bishop has consecrated the bread and wine.
The term "extraordinary" distinguishes such a person from the ordinary minister of Holy Communion, namely a bishop, priest or deacon.

Sacraments of the Catholic Church

sacramentsseven sacramentssacrament
This involves performing ceremonies for the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church, and counseling people.
Holy Orders is the Sacrament by which a man is made a bishop, a priest, and thus dedicated to be an image of Christ, or as a deacon, dedicated for service to the church.

Eucharist in the Catholic Church

EucharistCommunionMass
According to Catholic doctrine, a priest or bishop is necessary in order to perform the ceremony of the Eucharist, take confession, and perform Anointing of the Sick.
The only minister of the Eucharist (someone who can consecrate the Eucharist) is a validly ordained priest (bishop or presbyter).

Baptism

baptizedbaptisedbaptize
Priests and deacons ordinarily perform Baptism, but any Catholic can baptize in extraordinary circumstances.
Catholic doctrine holds that the baptism ceremony is ordinarily performed by deacons, priests, or bishops, but in an emergency can be performed by any Catholic.

Directa Decretal

Directa
In February 385, Pope Siricius wrote the Directa decretal, which was a long letter to Spanish bishop Himerius of Tarragona, replying to the bishop’s requests on various subjects, which had been sent several months earlier to Pope Damasus I.
Continence was required of all Christian priests by ecclesiastical law until the great schism, and is still required of Catholic priests today; many Eastern Catholic Churches do not require celibacy of their priests.