Primacy of Peter

Prince of the ApostlesPrimacy of Simon PeterprimacyPetrine PrimacyPetrine supremacyapostolic primacy conferred on PeterPetrineSimon Peter's primacyapostle Peter was preeminent among the apostlesfirst place of honor and authority
The primacy of Peter, also known as Petrine primacy (from Latin: Petrus, "Peter"), is the position of preeminence that is attributed to Saint Peter among the Twelve Apostles.wikipedia
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Saint Peter

PeterSt. PeterSt Peter
The primacy of Peter, also known as Petrine primacy (from Latin: Petrus, "Peter"), is the position of preeminence that is attributed to Saint Peter among the Twelve Apostles.
According to Catholic teaching, in Jesus promised Peter a special position in the Church.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
In Catholicism, it is argued that the primacy of Peter is a basis for the primacy of the bishop of Rome over other bishops throughout the Church via the doctrine of Apostolic succession. Catholics believe that Saint Paul saw Judaism as the type or figure of Christianity: "Now all these things happened to [the Jews] in figure...."
The Catholic Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles, and that the pope is the successor to Saint Peter upon whom primacy was conferred by Jesus Christ.

Pope

PapacypapalBishop of Rome
This Catholic Church doctrine holds that the papacy has authority delegated from Jesus to rule over the entire Church.
The primacy of the bishop of Rome is largely derived from his role as the apostolic successor to Saint Peter, to whom primacy was conferred by Jesus, giving him the Keys of Heaven and the powers of "binding and loosing", naming him as the "rock" upon which the church would be built.

Keys of Heaven

keys of the kingdom of heavenkeyscrossed keys
Jesus also said to Peter in verse 19, "I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven."

Pope Leo I

Leo the GreatLeo IPope Leo the Great
Based on his knowledge of the Petrine texts of the Gospel, and his writings which expound upon it, it is easy to see that Leo I identified with the authority bestowed on Peter as bishop of Rome.
This assertion is commonly referred to as the doctrine of Petrine supremacy.

Apostles

Twelve Apostlesapostleapostolic
The primacy of Peter, also known as Petrine primacy (from Latin: Petrus, "Peter"), is the position of preeminence that is attributed to Saint Peter among the Twelve Apostles.

Evangelical Dictionary of Theology

The Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
The Evangelical Dictionary of Theology illustrates the leading role that Peter played among the Apostles, speaking up on matters that concern them all, being called by Jesus by a name linking him with the rock on which Jesus would build his church, being charged with pasturing the flock of Christ, and taking the leading role in the initial church described in the Acts of the Apostles.

Acts of the Apostles

ActsBook of ActsActs of Apostles
The Evangelical Dictionary of Theology illustrates the leading role that Peter played among the Apostles, speaking up on matters that concern them all, being called by Jesus by a name linking him with the rock on which Jesus would build his church, being charged with pasturing the flock of Christ, and taking the leading role in the initial church described in the Acts of the Apostles.

Disciple (Christianity)

disciplesdisciplediscipleship
There is general agreement among scholars on the preeminence that the historical Peter held among the disciples of Jesus, making him "the most prominent and influential member of the Twelve during Jesus' ministry and in the early Church".

New Testament

NewThe New TestamentNew Testaments
In one interpretation the prominence that the New Testament and other early Christian writings attribute to Peter is due to their seeing him as a unifying factor in contrast to other figures identified with disputed interpretations of Christianity. One common Protestant argument historically has been that the translation from the New Testament in Hebrew into Greek is tenuous at best as there is no real evidence or indication that the New Testament (in Greek) was ever translated from Hebrew or Aramaic texts; for that argument see Aramaic primacy.

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
In the Greek text, the new name given is Πέτρος (Petros), and in the second half of the same verse the word translated as "rock" is πέτρα (petra).

King James Version

King James BibleKJVKing James Version of the Bible
A literal translation, in the style of the King James Version, of the words presumably used by Jesus would be "Thou art Rock, and upon this rock will I build my church".

Aramaic New Testament

Aramaic primacyAramaic originalNew Testament of the Peshitta
One common Protestant argument historically has been that the translation from the New Testament in Hebrew into Greek is tenuous at best as there is no real evidence or indication that the New Testament (in Greek) was ever translated from Hebrew or Aramaic texts; for that argument see Aramaic primacy.

Language of Jesus

AramaicAramaic of JesusEphphatha
According to the Protestant transliteration argument, the language that Jesus spoke, the same word, כפא (cepha), was used for both Peter's name and for the rock on which Jesus said he would build his church.

Reformation

Protestant Reformationthe ReformationProtestant
Since the Protestant Reformation, many non-Catholics, in disagreement with the historic Catholic Church view, have disputed whether the feminine πέτρα refers to Peter, claiming it instead refers to either Peter's confession of faith or Jesus himself.

Bishop

episcopateepiscopal consecrationbishops
In Catholicism, it is argued that the primacy of Peter is a basis for the primacy of the bishop of Rome over other bishops throughout the Church via the doctrine of Apostolic succession.

Apostolic succession

apostolicepiscopal lineagesuccessors
In Catholicism, it is argued that the primacy of Peter is a basis for the primacy of the bishop of Rome over other bishops throughout the Church via the doctrine of Apostolic succession.

Christendom

Christian worldChristian EuropeChristian
This Catholic Church doctrine holds that the papacy has authority delegated from Jesus to rule over the entire Church.

Christian Church

ChurchChristian churcheschurches
They do not believe the pope holds any authority over the universal Church.

Typology (theology)

typologytypologicaltype
Catholics believe that Saint Paul saw Judaism as the type or figure of Christianity: "Now all these things happened to [the Jews] in figure...."

Christianity

ChristianChristiansChristian faith
Catholics believe that Saint Paul saw Judaism as the type or figure of Christianity: "Now all these things happened to [the Jews] in figure...."

613 commandments

613 MitzvotMosaic lawcommandments
In the Old Law, attributes to the High Priest the highest jurisdiction in religious matters.

High Priest of Israel

High PriestKohen GadolJewish High Priest
In the Old Law, attributes to the High Priest the highest jurisdiction in religious matters.

Biblical law

Biblical law in ChristianityChristian biblical lawlaw
though the relevance of Biblical law in Christianity is still disputed; see also New Covenant and New Commandment.

New Covenant

covenanthis promise New-Covenant
though the relevance of Biblical law in Christianity is still disputed; see also New Covenant and New Commandment.