Prime Minister of France

Prime MinisterPresident of the Council of MinistersFrench Prime MinisterPresident of the Council of Ministers of FrancePresident of the CouncilPremierChief Minister of the French KingFrancePrime MinistersVice-President of the Council of Ministers
The Prime Minister of the French Republic (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.wikipedia
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French Fifth Republic

Fifth RepublicFranceFifth French Republic
The Prime Minister of the French Republic (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential (or dual-executive) system that split powers between a prime minister as head of government and a president as head of state.

Head of government

heads of governmentgovernmentchief executive
The Prime Minister of the French Republic (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
In France, the president, the head of state, appoints the prime minister, who is the head of government.

Manuel Valls

VallsBCN-C
Manuel Valls was appointed to lead the government in a cabinet reshuffle in March 2014, after the ruling Socialists suffered a bruising defeat in local elections.
Manuel Carlos Valls Galfetti (, ; born 13 August 1962) is a French and Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister of France from 2014 until 2016.

2017 French Socialist Party presidential primary

Socialist Party presidential primarypresidential primary2017 Socialist Party presidential primary elections
However, he resigned on 6 December 2016, to stand in the 2017 French Socialist Party presidential primary and Bernard Cazeneuve was appointed as Prime Minister later that day by President François Hollande.
The three frontrunners in the first round of the primary were Manuel Valls, who served as Hollande's Prime Minister from 2014 to 2016 and interior minister from 2012 to 2014; Benoît Hamon, Minister of National Education in 2014; and Arnaud Montebourg, Minister of the Economy, Production Recovery and the Digital Sector from 2012 to 2014.

Bernard Cazeneuve

Cazeneuve
However, he resigned on 6 December 2016, to stand in the 2017 French Socialist Party presidential primary and Bernard Cazeneuve was appointed as Prime Minister later that day by President François Hollande.
Bernard Guy Georges Cazeneuve (born 2 June 1963) is a French politician and lawyer who served as Prime Minister of France from 6 December 2016 to 10 May 2017.

Édouard Philippe

Edouard PhilippePhilippe
Édouard Philippe was named his successor on 15 May 2017.
Édouard Charles Philippe (born 28 November 1970) is a French politician serving as Prime Minister of France since 15 May 2017 under President Emmanuel Macron.

Dominique de Villepin

VillepinPrime Minister de Villepin
While prime ministers are usually chosen from amongst the ranks of the National Assembly, on rare occasions the President has selected a non-officeholder because of their experience in bureaucracy or foreign service, or their success in business management—Dominique de Villepin, for example, served as Prime Minister from 2005 to 2007 without ever having held an elected office.
Dominique Marie François René Galouzeau de Villepin (born 14 November 1953) is a French politician who served as Prime Minister of France from 31 May 2005 to 17 May 2007 under President Jacques Chirac.

French Fourth Republic

Fourth RepublicFranceFrench
During the Third and Fourth Republics, the head of government was formally called President of the Council of Ministers (Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (Président du Conseil).
This culminated in the establishment in the following year of the Fourth Republic, an arrangement in which executive power essentially resided in the hands of the President of the Council (the prime minister).

Jacques Chirac

ChiracPresident ChiracJacques René Chirac
For example, right after the legislative election of 1986, President François Mitterrand had to appoint Jacques Chirac Prime Minister although Chirac was a member of the RPR (Rally for the Republic) and therefore a political opponent of Mitterrand.
Chirac was previously the Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988, as well as the Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.

Aristide Briand

Briand[Aristide] BriandBriand Aristide
Aristide Briand holds the record for number of cabinet formations as Prime Minister with 11 times.
Aristide Pierre Henri Briand (28 March 1862 – 7 March 1932) was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic.

François Hollande

Francois HollandeHollandePresident Hollande
However, he resigned on 6 December 2016, to stand in the 2017 French Socialist Party presidential primary and Bernard Cazeneuve was appointed as Prime Minister later that day by President François Hollande.
That same year, Jospin became the Prime Minister of France, and Hollande won the election for his successor as First Secretary of the party, a position he would hold for eleven years.

Cohabitation (government)

cohabitationcohabitcohabitation government
Such a situation, where the President is forced to work with a Prime Minister who is an opponent, is called a cohabitation.
This constitution brought together a president with considerable executive powers and a prime minister, responsible before Parliament.

Constitutional Council (France)

Constitutional CouncilConstitutional Council of FranceConseil Constitutionnel
The Prime Minister may also submit a bill that has not been yet signed into law to the Constitutional Council (article 61 ).
The Government of France consists of an executive branch (President of the Republic, Prime Minister, ministers, and their services and affiliated organizations); a legislative branch (both houses of Parliament); and a judicial branch.

Union for French Democracy

UDFUnion pour la démocratie françaiseUnion for a French Democracy
The RPR had an alliance with the UDF, which gave them a majority.
Consequently, he became Prime Minister, from 1986 to 1988, and the UDF played a supporting role in his cabinet and in the parliamentary majority.

Laurent Fabius

Fabius
A member of the Socialist Party, he previously served as Prime Minister of France from 17 July 1984 to 20 March 1986.

Pierre Bérégovoy

Pierre BeregovoyBérégovoyBérégovoy Cabinet
Pierre Eugène Bérégovoy (23 December 1925 – 1 May 1993) was a French politician who served as Prime Minister of France under President François Mitterrand from 2 April 1992 to 29 March 1993.

Édith Cresson

Edith CressonCRESSON ÉdithEdith Campion
Édith Cresson is the only woman to have held the position of Prime Minister.
She is the only woman to have held the office of Prime Minister of France.

Alain Juppé

Alain JuppeJuppéAlain Juppé's Second Cabinet
He was Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997 under President Jacques Chirac, during which period he faced major strikes that paralyzed the country, and became very unpopular.

Georges Pompidou

PompidouPresident PompidouGeorge Pompidou
He previously was Prime Minister of France from 1962 to 1968—the longest tenure in the position's history.

Édouard Balladur

Edouard BalladurBalladurballadurian
Édouard Balladur (born 2 May 1929) is a French politician who served as Prime Minister of France under François Mitterrand from 29 March 1993 to 10 May 1995.

Government of France

French governmentgovernmentCouncil of Ministers
It is composed of the Prime Minister, who is the head of government, and both junior and senior ministers.

Hôtel Matignon

MatignonHotel MatignonHôtel de Matignon
The Hôtel de Matignon is the official residence of the Prime Minister of France.

Chief minister of France

First Minister of Statechief ministerChief Minister of State
The position definitively ending only with the creation of the office of "President of the Council of Ministers" in 1815.

Motion of no confidence

vote of no confidencevote of confidenceconfidence vote
Most notably, the legislature had the power to force the entire cabinet out of office by a vote of censure.
In this case, the Government is removed from power and the President of France has to appoint a new Prime Minister of France, who will have to form a new government.

List of prime ministers of France

Prime MinisterPrime Minister of FrancePresident of the Council
The head of the Government of France has, since 1958, been called the Prime Minister of France.