Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterUK Prime MinisterPrime MinistersPrime Minister of Great BritainBritish Prime MinistersUnited KingdomPMpremiershipU.K. Prime Minister
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of the government of the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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Cabinet of the United Kingdom

CabinetBritish Cabinetcabinet minister
The Prime Minister directs both the executive and the legislature, and together with their Cabinet.
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 21 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.

Prime minister

PMprime ministerschief minister
The Prime Minister directs both the executive and the legislature, and together with their Cabinet.
As well as being head of government, a prime minister may have other roles or posts—the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, for example, is also First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service.

Monarchy of the United Kingdom

MonarchBritish monarchQueen
The Cabinet consists of all the most senior ministers, most of whom are government department heads, and are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate. Many of the Prime Minister's executive and legislative powers are actually royal prerogatives which are still formally vested in the Sovereign, who remains the head of state.
As the monarchy is constitutional, the monarch is limited to non-partisan functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the Prime Minister.

Theresa May

MayPrime MinisterMrs May
The of the office, Theresa May, leader of the Conservative Party, was appointed by the Queen on 13 July 2016.
Theresa Mary May (born 1 October 1956) is a British politician serving as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party since 2016.

Great Offices of State

officea senior positionGreat Office of State
The Office is one of the Great Offices of State.
They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The of the office, Theresa May, leader of the Conservative Party, was appointed by the Queen on 13 July 2016.
The party leader, Theresa May, has served as both Leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister since July 2016.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

ParliamentUK ParliamentBritish Parliament
The Cabinet consists of all the most senior ministers, most of whom are government department heads, and are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.
By constitutional convention, all government ministers, including the Prime Minister, are members of the House of Commons or, less commonly, the House of Lords and are thereby accountable to the respective branches of the legislature.

House of Lords

LordsBritish House of Lordspeer
Prior to 1902, the Prime Minister sometimes came from the House of Lords, provided that his government could form a majority in the Commons.
Of the Lords Temporal, the majority are life peers who are appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister, or on the advice of the House of Lords Appointments Commission.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsCommonsparliamentary
The office is not established by any statute or constitutional document but exists only by long-established convention, which stipulates that the monarch must appoint as Prime Minister the person most likely to command the confidence of the House of Commons; this individual is typically the leader of the political party or coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber.
leader2_type = Prime Minister

List of residents of 10 Downing Street

residency
Certain privileges, such as residency of 10 Downing Street, are accorded to Prime Ministers by virtue of their position as First Lord of the Treasury.
Number 10 Downing Street is the residence and office of the First Lord of the Treasury as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Royal prerogative in the United Kingdom

royal prerogativeprerogativeRoyal Prerogative powers
Although the Sovereign was not stripped of the ancient prerogative powers and legally remained the head of government, politically it gradually became necessary for him or her to govern through a Prime Minister who could command a majority in Parliament.
Since the 19th century, by convention, the advice of the prime minister or the cabinet—who are then accountable to Parliament for the decision—has been required in order for the prerogative to be exercised.

First Lord of the Treasury

appointedFirst Commissioner (Lord) of the TreasuryFirst Lord
The Prime Minister is ex officio also First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service. Prime ministers continue to hold the position of First Lord of the Treasury and, since November 1968, that of Minister for the Civil Service, the latter giving them authority over the civil service. Today the Prime Minister (First Lord of the Treasury), the Chancellor of the Exchequer (responsible for The Budget) and other senior members of the Cabinet sit on the Treasury bench and present policies in much the same way Ministers did late in the 17th century.
The First Lord of the Treasury is the head of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer in the United Kingdom, and is now always also the Prime Minister.

H. H. Asquith

AsquithAsquithianHerbert Henry Asquith
In 1928, Prime Minister H. H. Asquith described this characteristic of the British constitution in his memoirs: In this country we live ... under an unwritten Constitution.
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman and Liberal Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.

Constitutional convention (political custom)

constitutional conventionconventionconstitutional conventions
The British constitution consists of many documents and most importantly for the evolution of the Office of the Prime Minister, it is based on customs known as constitutional conventions that became accepted practice.
For example, the constitutional convention that the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom cannot remain in office without the support of a majority of votes the House of Commons is derived from an unsuccessful attempt by the ministry of Robert Peel to govern without the support of a majority in the House, in 1834–1835.

Civil Service (United Kingdom)

Civil Servicecivil servantcivil servants
Prime ministers continue to hold the position of First Lord of the Treasury and, since November 1968, that of Minister for the Civil Service, the latter giving them authority over the civil service.
Her Majesty's Home Civil Service, also known as Her Majesty's Civil Service or the Home Civil Service, is the permanent bureaucracy or secretariat of Crown employees that supports Her Majesty's Government, which is composed of a cabinet of ministers chosen by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as two of the three devolved administrations: the Scottish Government and the Welsh Government, but not the Northern Ireland Executive.

Royal prerogative

prerogative powersprerogativeprerogative power
Many of the Prime Minister's executive and legislative powers are actually royal prerogatives which are still formally vested in the Sovereign, who remains the head of state.
In the United Kingdom the remaining powers of the royal prerogative are devolved to the head of the government which for more than two centuries has been the Prime Minister; the benefits, equally, such as mineral rights in all gold and silver ores, vest in (belong to) the government.

Minister for the Civil Service

Minister for Digital Engagement and Civil Service Issues
The Prime Minister is ex officio also First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service. Prime ministers continue to hold the position of First Lord of the Treasury and, since November 1968, that of Minister for the Civil Service, the latter giving them authority over the civil service.
The position is invariably held by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Chancellor of the Exchequer

ChancellorChancellors of the ExchequerSpokesperson for the Treasury
Today the Prime Minister (First Lord of the Treasury), the Chancellor of the Exchequer (responsible for The Budget) and other senior members of the Cabinet sit on the Treasury bench and present policies in much the same way Ministers did late in the 17th century.
The position is considered one of the four Great Offices of State, and in recent times has come to be the most powerful office in British politics after the prime minister.

Westminster system

WestminsterWestminster-styleWestminster parliamentary system
By the 1830s the Westminster system of government (or cabinet government) had emerged; the Prime Minister had become primus inter pares or the first among equals in the Cabinet and the head of government in the United Kingdom.
In the United Kingdom, the sovereign theoretically holds executive authority, even though the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and the Cabinet effectively implement executive powers.

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

Lord SalisburyThe Marquess of SalisburyMarquess of Salisbury
Since 1721, every head of the Sovereign's government – with one exception in the 18th century (William Pitt the Elder) and one in the 19th (Lord Salisbury) – has been First Lord of the Treasury.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, (3 February 1830 – 22 August 1903), styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British statesman and Conservative Party politician, serving as Prime Minister three times for a total of over thirteen years.

Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer

Robert HarleyHarleyLord Oxford
Jonathan Swift, for example, wrote in 1713 about "those who are now commonly called Prime Minister among us", referring to Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin and Robert Harley, Queen Anne's Lord Treasurers and chief ministers.
He has been called a Prime Minister, although it is generally accepted that the de facto first minister to be a prime minister was Robert Walpole in 1721.

Harold Wilson

Wilsonwhite heat of technologySir Harold Wilson
The last minority government was led by Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson for eight months after the February 1974 general election produced a hung parliament.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916– 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
The previous coalition in the UK before 2010 was led by Conservative Prime Minister Winston Churchill during most of the Second World War, from May 1940 to May 1945.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee government
Clement Attlee, the leader of the Labour Party, served as deputy Prime Minister.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman and Labour Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951.

2010 United Kingdom general election

2010 general election20102010 election
When the general election of 2010 produced a hung parliament, the Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties agreed to form the Cameron–Clegg coalition, the first coalition in seventy years.
Realising that a deal with the Conservatives was within reach, the next day on Tuesday 11 May, Brown announced his resignation as Prime Minister, marking the end of 13 years of Labour government.