Prince Edward Island

PEPEIP.E.I.Prince Edward Island, CanadaSt. John's IslandList of festivals in Prince Edward IslandCulture of Prince Edward IslandIsland of St. JohnPrince EdwardPrince Edward Island Terms of Union
Prince Edward Island (PEI; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada and one of the three Maritime Provinces.wikipedia
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Charlottetown

Charlottetown, Prince Edward IslandCharlottetown, PEICharlottetown, PE
Its capital is Charlottetown. The University of Prince Edward Island is the province's only public university, and is located in the city of Charlottetown. The larger surrounds Charlottetown Harbour, situated centrally on the island's southern shore, and consists of the capital city Charlottetown, and suburban towns Cornwall and Stratford and a developing urban fringe.
Charlottetown (Baile Sheàrlot) is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island, and the county seat of Queens County.

The Maritimes

MaritimesMaritime ProvincesCanadian Maritimes
Prince Edward Island (PEI; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada and one of the three Maritime Provinces.
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI).

Charlottetown Conference

CharlottetownCharlottetown Conference, 1864Confederation Conference
The island has several informal names: "Garden of the Gulf", referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and "Birthplace of Confederation" or "Cradle of Confederation", referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did not join Confederation until 1873, when it became the seventh Canadian province.
The Charlottetown Conference was held in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island for representatives from the colonies of British North America to discuss Canadian Confederation.

University of Prince Edward Island

UPEIPrince Edward IslandUniversity of PEI
The University of Prince Edward Island is the province's only public university, and is located in the city of Charlottetown.
The University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI) is a public university in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, and the sole university in the province.

Summerside, Prince Edward Island

SummersideSummerside, PESummerside, PEI
A much smaller urban area surrounds Summerside Harbour, situated on the southern shore 40 km west of Charlottetown Harbour, and consists primarily of the city of Summerside.
Summerside is a Canadian city in Prince County, Prince Edward Island.

Northumberland Strait

Northumberland StraightNorthumberland Strait Peninsula
Its southern shore bounds the Northumberland Strait.
The strait is formed by Prince Edward Island and the gulf's eastern, southern, and western shores.

Lucy Maud Montgomery

L. M. MontgomeryL.M. MontgomeryLucy Maude Montgomery
The author Lucy Maud Montgomery drew inspiration from the land during the late Victorian Era for the setting of her classic novel Anne of Green Gables (1908).
Most of the novels were set in Prince Edward Island, and locations within Canada's smallest province became a literary landmark and popular tourist site – namely Green Gables farm, the genesis of Prince Edward Island National Park.

Stratford, Prince Edward Island

StratfordBunburyCross Roads
The larger surrounds Charlottetown Harbour, situated centrally on the island's southern shore, and consists of the capital city Charlottetown, and suburban towns Cornwall and Stratford and a developing urban fringe.
Stratford is a town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.

Anne of Green Gables

Diana BarryAnneGreen Gables
The author Lucy Maud Montgomery drew inspiration from the land during the late Victorian Era for the setting of her classic novel Anne of Green Gables (1908).
Set in the late 19th century, the novel recounts the adventures of Anne Shirley, an 11-year-old orphan girl, who is mistakenly sent to two middle-aged siblings, Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert, who had originally intended to adopt a boy to help them on their farm in the fictional town of Avonlea on Prince Edward Island.

Canadian Confederation

ConfederationConfederation of CanadaFather of Confederation
The island has several informal names: "Garden of the Gulf", referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and "Birthplace of Confederation" or "Cradle of Confederation", referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did not join Confederation until 1873, when it became the seventh Canadian province.
However, in 1769 the present-day Prince Edward Island, which had been part of Acadia, was renamed "St John's Island" and organized as a separate colony.

Isle Saint-Jean

Île Saint-JeanIle Saint-Jean
In French, the island is today called Île-du-Prince-Édouard, but its former French name, as part of Acadia, was Île Saint-Jean (St.
Isle Saint-Jean was a French colony in North America that existed from 1713 to 1763 on what is today Prince Edward Island.

Cornwall, Prince Edward Island

CornwallNorth RiverNorth River, Prince Edward Island
The larger surrounds Charlottetown Harbour, situated centrally on the island's southern shore, and consists of the capital city Charlottetown, and suburban towns Cornwall and Stratford and a developing urban fringe.
Cornwall (2016 population: 5,348 ) is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.

New Brunswick

NBProvince of New BrunswickNew Brunswick, Canada
Prince Edward Island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, west of Cape Breton Island, north of the Nova Scotia peninsula, and east of New Brunswick.
After the war, French Acadia was reduced to Île Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island) and Île-Royale (Cape Breton Island).

Provinces and territories of Canada

ProvinceCanadian provinceprovincial
Prince Edward Island (PEI; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada and one of the three Maritime Provinces.

Greenwich, Prince Edward Island

Greenwich
The magnificent sand dunes at Greenwich are of particular significance.
Greenwich is an unincorporated Canadian rural community located in eastern Prince Edward Island, Canada.

Gulf of Saint Lawrence

Gulf of St. LawrenceGulf of St LawrenceGulf
Prince Edward Island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, west of Cape Breton Island, north of the Nova Scotia peninsula, and east of New Brunswick.
As for significant islands the Gulf of Saint Lawrence contains Anticosti Island, PEI, Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Cape Breton Island, Saint Pierre Island, and Miquelon-Langlade.

Skmaqn–Port-la-Joye–Fort Amherst

Port-la-JoyeFort AmherstPort La-Joye / Fort Amherst
New Englanders had a force of 200 soldiers stationed at Port-La-Joye, as well as two warships boarding supplies for its journey of Louisbourg.
Skmaqn–Port-la-Joye–Fort Amherst is a National Historic Site located in Rocky Point, Prince Edward Island.

Expulsion of the Acadians

Great UpheavalGreat ExpulsionAcadian Expulsion
The population grew to nearly 5,000 the late 1740s and early 1750s, as Acadians from Nova Scotia fled to the island during the Acadian Exodus, and the subsequent British-ordered expulsions beginning in 1755.
The Expulsion of the Acadians, also known as the Great Upheaval, the Great Expulsion, the Great Deportation and Le Grand Dérangement, was the forced removal by the British of the Acadian people from the present day Canadian Maritime provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and northern Maine — parts of an area also known as Acadia.

List of islands by area

world's largest islandlargest island in the worldlargest islands in the world
It is the 104th-largest island in the world and Canada's 23rd-largest island.

Acadians

AcadianAcadian settlersFrench
Roughly one thousand Acadians lived on the island prior to the Acadian Exodus from Nova Scotia.
The colony was located in what is now Eastern Canada's Maritime provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island), as well as part of Quebec, and present-day Maine to the Kennebec River.

Ile Saint-Jean Campaign

Île Saint-Jean CampaignÎle Saint-Jeanexpulsion of the Acadians
After French forces were defeated at the siege of Louisbourg, the British performed a military campaign on Ile Saint-Jean to secure the island.
The Ile Saint-Jean Campaign was a series of military operations in fall 1758, during the Seven Years' War, to deport the Acadians who either lived on Ile Saint-Jean (present-day Prince Edward Island) or had taken refuge there from earlier deportation operations.

Scottish Gaelic

GaelicScots GaelicGaelic language
The island is known in Scottish Gaelic as Eilean a' Phrionnsa (lit.
In Prince Edward Island, the Colonel Gray High School now offers both an introductory and an advanced course in Gaelic; both language and history are taught in these classes.

Prince Edward Island Railway

railwayCN RailConstruction of the Prince Edward Island Railway
In 1871, the colony began construction of a railway and, frustrated by Great Britain's Colonial Office, began negotiations with the United States.
The Prince Edward Island Railway (PEIR) was a historic Canadian railway on Prince Edward Island (PEI).

Cape Breton Island

Cape BretonCape Breton, Nova ScotiaC'''ape Breton Island
Prince Edward Island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, west of Cape Breton Island, north of the Nova Scotia peninsula, and east of New Brunswick.
In addition to Cape Breton Island, the French colony of Île Royale also included Île Saint-Jean, today called Prince Edward Island, and Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine.

Confederation Bridge

fixed linkeight mile-long bridgefixed link bridge
As a result of having hosted the inaugural meeting of Confederation, the Charlottetown Conference, Prince Edward Island presents itself as the "Birthplace of Confederation" and this is commemorated through several buildings, a ferry vessel, and the Confederation Bridge (constructed 1993 to 1997).
Opened in 1997, it links Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick, Canada.