Princes Bridge

Prince's BridgePrinces Bridge, Melbourne
Princes Bridge, originally Prince's Bridge, is a bridge in central Melbourne, Australia that spans the Yarra River.wikipedia
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Yarra River

YarraYarra Yarra RiverBirrarung
Princes Bridge, originally Prince's Bridge, is a bridge in central Melbourne, Australia that spans the Yarra River.
The first of many Crossings of the Yarra River to facilitate transport was built in Princes Bridge.

St Kilda Road, Melbourne

St Kilda RoadSt KildaSt Kilda Rd
The bridge connects Swanston Street on the north bank of the Yarra River to St Kilda Road on the south bank, and carries road, tram and pedestrian traffic.
St Kilda Road begins at Flinders Street, in the central business district and crosses Princes Bridge, which spans the Yarra River and connects the central business district of Melbourne with the suburb of St Kilda, ending at Carlisle Street, St Kilda.

John Harry Grainger

John Grainger
The new bridge was designed by John Grainger (1855–1917), the father of the Australian composer Percy Grainger, and built by David Munro using ironwork fabricated by Langlands foundry in Melbourne.
He designed 14 bridges, notably Princes Bridge in Melbourne, and numerous major buildings in Australia and New Zealand over his long career.

Percy Grainger

GraingerGrainger, PercyGeorge Percy Aldridge Grainger
The new bridge was designed by John Grainger (1855–1917), the father of the Australian composer Percy Grainger, and built by David Munro using ironwork fabricated by Langlands foundry in Melbourne.
His father, John Grainger, an English-born architect who had emigrated to Australia in 1877, won recognition for his design of the Princes Bridge across the Yarra River in Melbourne; His mother Rose Annie Aldridge was the daughter of Adelaide hotelier George Aldridge.

Melbourne

Melbourne, AustraliaMelbourne, VictoriaGreater Melbourne
Princes Bridge, originally Prince's Bridge, is a bridge in central Melbourne, Australia that spans the Yarra River.

Princes Bridge railway station

Princes BridgePrinces Bridge stationPrinces Bridge locomotive depot
Princes Bridge was also the name of a railway station located on the northern side of the river, to the east of the bridge, on the current site of Federation Square.
The station was named after the adjacent Princes Bridge, which crosses the Yarra River.

David Lennox

Built with government funds, the bridge was designed by David Lennox, and built by James Linacre.
*1844-1853 – Lennox built fifty-three bridges in the nine years he was in the employ of Victoria, including the second Prince's Bridge over the Yarra River in Melbourne.

Federation Square

BMW EdgeDeakin EdgeFed Square
Princes Bridge was also the name of a railway station located on the northern side of the river, to the east of the bridge, on the current site of Federation Square.
The design was also soon criticized when it was realised that the western freestanding 'shard' would block views of the south front of St Paul's Cathedral from Princes Bridge.

Bluestone

blue stonebluestonesPennsylvania Bluestone
As with many historic Melburnian buildings and bridges, the bridge is built on solid bluestone and concrete bulwarks with plenty of cast iron.
Some examples of other major structures that use bluestone include Princes Bridge, the adjacent Federation Wharf, and Hawthorn Bridge.

Langlands foundry

first to produce steel in AustraliaLanglands & Co.Langlands and Co.
The new bridge was designed by John Grainger (1855–1917), the father of the Australian composer Percy Grainger, and built by David Munro using ironwork fabricated by Langlands foundry in Melbourne.
Major facilities included a Bessemer converter (1887) to produce steel and a cast-iron pipe-making shop which produced water, sewerage and hydraulic pipes, and structural columns, including those for Princes Bridge.

Southbank, Victoria

SouthbankSouthbank PromenadeSouthbank, Melbourne
The destination of pedestrian traffic is two way, with many commuters parking at the Arts Centre and going to work in the CBD, as well as visitors to the Melbourne Arts Precinct on the Southbank side.
It had several bridges connecting it to the city, the first being the original Princes Bridge and later the Sandridge Bridge, which was formerly part of the Port Melbourne railway line from 1888 to 1987.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
Princes Bridge, originally Prince's Bridge, is a bridge in central Melbourne, Australia that spans the Yarra River.

Swanston Street, Melbourne

Swanston StreetSwanstonSwanston Streets
The bridge connects Swanston Street on the north bank of the Yarra River to St Kilda Road on the south bank, and carries road, tram and pedestrian traffic. Traders in Elizabeth Street vied with those in Swanston Street to have the through traffic that would be generated by a bridge.

Victorian Heritage Register

heritage listedheritage registeredheritage-listed
The present bridge was built in 1888 and is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.

Moomba

King of MoombaMoomba FestivalMoomba Monarch
Because of its position, Princes Bridge is often a focal point for celebratory events in Melbourne such as the Moomba Festival, New Year's Eve and many celebrations taking place on the Yarra River where it flows through the city.

New Year's Eve

December 31New YearNew Year’s Eve
Because of its position, Princes Bridge is often a focal point for celebratory events in Melbourne such as the Moomba Festival, New Year's Eve and many celebrations taking place on the Yarra River where it flows through the city.

Cable ferry

chain ferrypuntcable ferries
Over time various punt and ferry operators set up business to ferry people and other traffic across the river.

Sydney

Sydney, AustraliaSydney, New South WalesSydney, New South Wales, Australia
The colonial government in Sydney was unreliable in providing funds for the construction of a bridge, resulting in most of Melbourne’s early infrastructure being provided by private enterprise.

Elizabeth Street, Melbourne

Elizabeth StreetElizabethElizabeth Streets
Traders in Elizabeth Street vied with those in Swanston Street to have the through traffic that would be generated by a bridge.

Port Phillip District

Port PhillipPort Philip Bay
The then Superintendent of the Port Phillip District, Charles La Trobe, favoured an Elizabeth Street crossing, but despite such official pressure the private company favoured the construction conditions at Swanston Street, which had become regarded as the growing town's main street.

Charles La Trobe

Charles Joseph La TrobeLa TrobeGovernor La Trobe
The then Superintendent of the Port Phillip District, Charles La Trobe, favoured an Elizabeth Street crossing, but despite such official pressure the private company favoured the construction conditions at Swanston Street, which had become regarded as the growing town's main street.

Queens Bridge (Melbourne)

Queens BridgeQueen’s Bridge
Munro was also responsible for the construction of Queens Bridge (Melbourne) (opened 1889) and the nearby Sandridge Bridge (opened 1888).

Sandridge Bridge

Munro was also responsible for the construction of Queens Bridge (Melbourne) (opened 1889) and the nearby Sandridge Bridge (opened 1888).

World's fair

World FairWorld ExpoInternational Exhibition
The new bridge was opened on 4 October 1888, in time for the second International Exhibition to be held in Melbourne.