Princess Amelia of Great Britain

Princess AmeliaAmelia AmeliaAmelia of HanoverAmelia Sophia Eleanoreldest (unmarried) daughterPrincess Emily
Princess Amelia of Great Britain (Amelia Sophia Eleanor; 10 June 1711 (New Style) – 31 October 1786) was the second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Queen Caroline.wikipedia
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Caroline of Ansbach

Queen CarolineCarolinePrincess of Wales
Princess Amelia of Great Britain (Amelia Sophia Eleanor; 10 June 1711 (New Style) – 31 October 1786) was the second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Queen Caroline. Her mother was Caroline of Ansbach, daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
Over the next seven years, Caroline had three more children, Anne, Amelia, and Caroline, all of whom were born in Hanover.

George II of Great Britain

George IIKing George IIPrince of Wales
Princess Amelia of Great Britain (Amelia Sophia Eleanor; 10 June 1711 (New Style) – 31 October 1786) was the second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Queen Caroline. At the time of her birth, her father was The Hereditary Prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg, the son of the Elector of Hanover.
Between 1709 and 1713, George and Caroline had three more children, all girls: Anne, Amelia, and Caroline.

Frederick the Great

Frederick IIFrederick II of PrussiaFrederick
Amelia's aunt Sophia Dorothea, Queen in Prussia suggested Amelia as a suitable wife for her son Frederick (later known as Frederick the Great) but his father Frederick William I of Prussia forced his son to marry Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Bevern instead.
Queen Sophia Dorothea attempted to arrange Frederick and his sister Wilhelmine with Amelia and Frederick, the children of her brother, King George II of Great Britain.

Herrenhausen Palace

HerrenhausenSchloss Herrenhausen
Princess Amelia was born at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Germany, on 30 May 1711 (Old Style).
Princess Amelia of Great Britain

Princess Caroline of Great Britain

CarolinePrincess CarolineCaroline Elizabeth
In 1722, her mother, who had progressive ideas, had Amelia and her sister Caroline inoculated against smallpox by an early type of immunisation known as variolation, which had been brought to England from Constantinople by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Charles Maitland.
At the age of one year, Caroline accompanied her mother and elder sisters, the Princesses Anne and Amelia, to Great Britain, and the family resided at St James's Palace, London.

Sophia Dorothea of Hanover

Sophia DorotheaQueen of PrussiaPrincess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Amelia's aunt Sophia Dorothea, Queen in Prussia suggested Amelia as a suitable wife for her son Frederick (later known as Frederick the Great) but his father Frederick William I of Prussia forced his son to marry Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Bevern instead.
Sophia Dorothea held a longtime ambition to arrange a double marriage between her eldest son, Crown Prince Frederick, to Princess Amelia of Great Britain, as well as her eldest daughter Wilhelmine to Frederick, future Prince of Wales.

Samuel Arnold (composer)

Samuel ArnoldArnoldDr. Arnold
Amelia may have been the mother of composer Samuel Arnold (1740–1802) through an affair with a commoner of the name Thomas Arnold.
Arnold was born in London (his mother is said to have been Princess Amelia; his father was Thomas Arnold), and began writing music for the theatre in about 1764.

Richmond Park

Poets' CornerRichmondRoyal Park
In 1751, Princess Amelia became ranger of Richmond Park after the death of Robert Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford.
In 1751, Caroline's daughter Princess Amelia became ranger of Richmond Park after the death of Robert Walpole.

Amelia Island

Amelia Island, FloridaAmeliaAmelia Island, FL
Amelia Island in Florida, United States, is named for her, as is Amelia County in Virginia, United States.
The island was named for Princess Amelia, daughter of George II of Great Britain, and changed hands between colonial powers a number of times.

Cavendish Square

CavendishCavendish Square,
She also owned a property in Cavendish Square, Soho, London, where she died unmarried on 31 October 1786, at which time she was the last surviving child of King George II and Queen Caroline.
It included various nobles' London residences, including the Duke of Portland, the Duke of Chandos (though his house on the square was never completed), Princess Amelia (in which house she died), and the Lane Baronets.

Amelia County, Virginia

Amelia CountyAmeliaAmelia (now Nottoway) County
Amelia Island in Florida, United States, is named for her, as is Amelia County in Virginia, United States.
Amelia County was created in 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties, and it was named in honor of Princess Amelia of Great Britain.

Gunnersbury Park

Gunnersbury HouseGunnersburyGunnersbury Estate
In 1761, Princess Amelia became the owner of Gunnersbury Estate, Middlesex, and at some time between 1777 and 1784, commissioned a bath house, extended as a folly by a subsequent owner of the land in the 19th century, which still stands today with a Grade II English Heritage listing and is known as Princess Amelia's Bathhouse.
The house was bought in 1739 from Maynard's great grandson John Hobart, 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire by wealthy merchant and MP Henry Furnese, after whose death in 1756 it was sold to Princess Amelia, the daughter of George II.

Old Style and New Style dates

O.S.N.S.Old Style
Princess Amelia of Great Britain (Amelia Sophia Eleanor; 10 June 1711 (New Style) – 31 October 1786) was the second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Queen Caroline. Princess Amelia was born at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Germany, on 30 May 1711 (Old Style).

Hanover

HannoverHanover, GermanyHannover, Germany
Princess Amelia was born at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Germany, on 30 May 1711 (Old Style).

Holy Roman Empire

ImperialHoly Roman EmperorGermany
Princess Amelia was born at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Germany, on 30 May 1711 (Old Style).

George I of Great Britain

George IKing George IKing George
At the time of her birth, her father was The Hereditary Prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg, the son of the Elector of Hanover. Princess Amelia's grandfather succeeded her to become George I of Great Britain, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of Settlement 1701.

John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach

John FrederickJohn Frederick of Brandenburg-AnsbachJohann Friedrich
Her mother was Caroline of Ansbach, daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

Great Britain

BritishBritainGBR
On 1 August 1714, Queen Anne of Great Britain died. She moved to Great Britain with her family and they took up residence at St James's Palace in London.

Act of Settlement 1701

Act of SettlementHanoverian succession1701 Act of Settlement
Princess Amelia's grandfather succeeded her to become George I of Great Britain, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of Settlement 1701.

Duke of Cornwall

Duke of Cornwall (1337)Dukedom of CornwallDukes of Cornwall
Amelia's father, now heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain, was made Duke of Cornwall and created Prince of Wales on 27 September 1714.

Prince of Wales

The Prince of WalesPrincePrinces of Wales
Amelia's father, now heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain, was made Duke of Cornwall and created Prince of Wales on 27 September 1714.

St James's Palace

St JamesSt. Jamescourt of St. James
She moved to Great Britain with her family and they took up residence at St James's Palace in London.

London

London, EnglandLondon, UKLondon, United Kingdom
She also owned a property in Cavendish Square, Soho, London, where she died unmarried on 31 October 1786, at which time she was the last surviving child of King George II and Queen Caroline. She moved to Great Britain with her family and they took up residence at St James's Palace in London.

Johann Georg Steigerthal

Though comparatively healthy as an adult, Amelia was a sickly child and her mother employed Johann Georg Steigerthal and Hans Sloane to treat her as well as secretly asking advice from physician John Freind.